Skip Navigation Links weather.gov 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA homepage National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS homepage
The Weather Prediction Center

 
 

 

Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Facebook Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Twitter
NCEP Quarterly Newsletter
WPC Home
Analyses and Forecasts
   National High & Low
   WPC Discussions
   Surface Analysis
   Days ½-2½ CONUS
   Days 3-7 CONUS
   Days 4-8 Alaska
   QPF
   PQPF
   Flood Outlook
   Winter Weather
   Storm Summaries
   Heat Index
   Tropical Products
   Daily Weather Map
   GIS Products
Current Watches/
Warnings

Satellite and Radar Imagery
   Satellite Images
   National Radar
Product Archive
WPC Verification
   QPF
   Medium Range
   Model Diagnostics
   Event Reviews
International Desks
Development and Training
   Development
WPC Overview
   About the WPC
   Staff
   WPC History
   Accomplishments
   Other Sites
   FAQs
Meteorological Calculators
Contact Us
   About Our Site
 
USA.gov is the U.S. Government's official web portal to all federal, state, and local government web resources and services.
 
Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 2134Z Apr 17, 2015)
 
Version Selection
Versions back from latest:  0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   
 
Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
534 PM EDT FRI APR 17 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 18/0000 UTC THRU APR 21/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

18Z UPDATE...
MAIN CHANGE WAS ACRS SOUTH/EAST TX WITH ONGOING SMALL MCS CLUSTER
RIDING ENEWD ALONG INSTABILITY GRADIENT/WEAK SFC FRONT.  CHANGES
WERE PARTLY BASED ON EXTRAPOLATION AND THE NSSL WRF/HRRR GUIDANCE
WHICH SEEM TO BE THE ONLY HIGH RES GUIDANCE COMING ANYWHERE CLOSE
TO HANDLING CONVECTIVE TRENDS ACRS THIS AREA. 

...CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE PLAINS FROM OKLAHOMA NORTHWARD...

THE DEEP UPPER LOW IN THE ROCKIES WILL BE RELATIVELY STACKED BY
TONIGHT AND SATURDAY...BUT IT WILL MIGRATE BODILY INTO THE
PLAINS...RESULTING IN SUBSTANTIAL HEIGHT FALLS IN AN ARC FROM
SOUTH DAKOTA TO OK/MO/AR. A NORTHERN STREAM SYSTEM WILL ALSO DIP
INTO MT/ND...ALTHOUGH ITS EFFECTS AT PULLING MOISTURE NORTHWARD
WILL BE SEEN MORE ON DAY 2...AFTER 19/00Z. PRECIPITATION ON DAY 1
WILL BE CONCENTRATED IN THE SLOWLY MIGRATING WARM CONVEYOR BELT
OVER THE PLAINS...WRAPPING STILL AROUND THE UPPER LOW AND DIVING
FROM SE WY INTO WRN CO. THE PREVIOUS FORECAST HAD THIS WELL
HANDLED...BUT WE DID INCREASE THE WEIGHT OF THE 00Z ECMWF AND OUR
LATEST IN-HOUSE PSEUDO BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE. THIS HAD THE
EFFECT OF DRAWING MORE PRECIPITATION DOWN THE TAIL END OF THE
CONVEYOR BELT INTO OKLAHOMA...AND GENERALLY SLOWING THE EASTWARD
PROGRESSION OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCH AREAL AVERAGE AMOUNTS. WE ALSO
DECREASED EXPECTATIONS A BIT ACROSS ARKANSAS AND FAR NORTHEAST
TX/NORTHWEST LA. THIS REGION WILL BE AT THE NOSE OF A JET
STREAK...WITH BETTER SYNOPTIC FORCING NORTH AND WEST...AND
INSTABILITY CUT OFF BY THE ANTICIPATED GULF COAST MCS FARTHER
SOUTH.


...TEXAS INTO THE SOUTHEAST STATES...

THE TAIL END OF HEIGHT FALLS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ROCKIES SYSTEM
WILL CUT ACROSS NORTH TEXAS...SUPPORTING THE ORGANIZED LINE OF
CONVECTION THAT WAS ONGOING AT MIDDAY FRIDAY. THE ACTIVITY MAY
TEND TO WEAKEN WITH EASTWARD EXTENT AS IT MOVES OFF THE NARROW
INSTABILITY AXIS...AND A MORE BROAD FETCH OF GULF AIR IS
INTERCEPTED BY CONVECTION IN SOUTH TEXAS. THIS LATTER CONVECTION
WAS IS THE MAIN FOCUS OF THE DAY 1 QPF...AS A PRONOUNCED
DISTURBANCE WITHIN THE ACTIVE SUB-TROPICAL JET STREAM IS EXPECTED
TO PROMOTE FORMATION OF AN MCS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. THE
FORECAST DID NOT CHANGE MUCH...AS WE STILL EXPECT A SWATH OF
LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIPITATION NEAR AND SOUTH OF INTERSTATE 10. WE
DID NUDGE THE AXIS OF HEAVIEST QPF MORE TOWARD THE COAST IN
SOUTHWEST LOUISIANA FOR THE OVERNIGHT/EARLY MORNING PERIOD. WITH
THE CONVECTION EVOLVING SO QUICKLY ALREADY AT MIDDAY...RECOVERY OF
DEEP MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY MAY BE STUNTED WITH EASTWARD EXTENT.
STILL...THERE IS A MARKED RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL ALONG THE
UPPER TEXAS COAST WHERE INTENSE RAIN THAT FELL YESTERDAY WILL
ENCOURAGE A HIGH PERCENTAGE OF SURFACE RUNOFF DURING ADDITIONAL
RAINFALL...PER THE VERY LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES.

WPC QPF IN THIS REGION CONTINUES TO FAVOR THE HIGH RESOLUTION
MODELS...SUCH AS THE 12Z NSSL WRF AND GEM REGIONAL...WHEREAS THE
GLOBAL MODELS AND NAM...WHILE SHOWING A CONSENSUS SWATH...CONTINUE
TO SHOW IT NORTH OF WHERE OBSERVATIONAL DATA WOULD SUGGEST IT
SHOULD OCCUR.

FARTHER DOWNSTREAM...A MORE WEAKLY DEFINED UPPER WAVE WILL
PROGRESS THROUGH THE SOUTHEAST STATES TO THE CAROLINA COASTLINE
THROUGH EARLY SATURDAY. DEEPLY SATURATED BUT STABLE VERTICAL
PROFILES AHEAD OF THIS FEATURE SHOULD GIVE WAY TO WIDESPREAD LIGHT
PRECIPITATION. WPC QPF USED A BLEND OF THE 12Z WRF-NMM WITH THE
09Z SREF...MAINLY AS THEY SUPPORTED SIMILAR PLACEMENT OF 0.10 TO
0.25 INCH LIQUID AMOUNTS.


...NEW ENGLAND...

A VIGOROUS BUT FAIRLY MOISTURE STARVED SHORTWAVE TROUGH WILL PASS
THROUGH NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AND NORTHERN NEW YORK ON SATURDAY.
ASCENT WILL BE STRONG TO THE EAST/NORTHEAST OF THE VORTICITY
MAXIMUM ASSOCIATED WITH THIS COMPACT SHORTWAVE...GENERALLY ACROSS
VT/NH AND WESTERN TO SOUTHERN MAINE. MODEL QPFS ARE SIMILAR IN THE
PLACEMENT OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCH AMOUNTS...AND REQUIRED VERY LITTLE
CHANGE TO THE FORECAST. WE HELD WPC AMOUNTS UNDER 0.50 INCHES ON
AVERAGE...GIVEN PW VALUES OF NEAR OR UNDER THAT MARK...ALTHOUGH
SOME TERRAIN ENHANCED PRECIPITATION IS POSSIBLE.


DAYS 2/3...


...LOWER MS VALLEY/GULF COAST/SOUTHEAST/MID ATLANTIC...

HIGH CONTENT MOISTURE STREAMING OUT OF THE GULF OF MEXICO ACROSS
THE LOWER/MID MS VALLEY AND GULF COAST ON DAY 2 IS FORECAST TO
REACH THE OH VALLEY...SOUTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC DURING DAY ON
SUNDAY.  GIVEN THE AMOUNT OF MOISTURE AND THE PRESENCE OF ELEVATED
INSTABILITY FOCUSED ALONG AND NORTH OF A WARM FRONT...THE GFS/NAM
BOTH PAINT THE POTENTIAL FOR MORE THAN 2 INCHES OF RAIN IN THE
CENTRAL APPALANCHIANS BY EARLY MONDAY AND SOME ADDITIONAL RAIN
THAT LINGERS INTO THE DAY.  THIS RAISES THE SPECTER OF FLASH
FLOODING.  MAINTAINED THE SLIGHT RISK OF RAINFALL EXCEEDING FFG
ISSUED OVERNIGHT.  GIVEN THE MODEL SPREAD REGARDING HOW LONG IT
TAKES FOR RAINFALL TO MOVE OUT OF THE AREA...STARTED THE SLIGHT
RISK IN DAY 2 AND LINGERED IT INTO THE EARLY PORTION OF DAY 3. 

DURING DAY 2...THERE WILL BE A PERIOD OF WARM ADVECTION ALONG
ALONG THE GULF COAST EARLY ON DAY 2 BEFORE A FRONT MOVES THROUGH
THE AREA AND DRIES OUT THE AREA.  BEFORE THAT HAPPENS...A 20 TO 25
KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWESTERLY JET WILL BE CROSSING A BOUNDARY
ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF AL/MS/AL AND THE WESTERN FL
PANHANDLE.  PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES SHOULD BE
IN PLACE...LEADING TO AN ENVIRONMENT CAPABLE FOR SOME BRIEF
PERIODS WITH INTENSE RAINFALL.  WHILE THE AREA WILL EVENTUALLY DRY
OUT...THE ANTECEDANT CONDITIONS ARE QUITE WET IN THIS AREA AND
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE QUITE LOW.  SO WE MAINTAINED THE
SLIGHT RISK IN THIS PART OF THE COUNTY DESPITE HAVING FORECAST QPF
VALUES THAT ARE ONLY ON THE ORDER OF AN INCH TO 1.5 INCHES.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING OVER THE MIDWEST WILL DRAG THE
WARM FRONT NORTH ACROSS THE OH VALLEY...SOUTHEAST AND MID ATLANTIC
DURING DAY 3. A 40 TO 50 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET CROSSING THE FRONT
ACROSS THE OH VALLEY TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR
1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL)
OVER THE WARM FRONT AHEAD OF A SHORT WAVE THAT CROSSES THE REGION
AFTER 20/00Z. INSTABILITY ON THE NOSE OF THE JET IS LIMITED AND
ELEVATED...AND SHOULD PRODUCE A LARGE AREA OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES
OF QPF ACROSS THE OH VALLEY.

FURTHER EAST...THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW IS NOT QUITE AS STRONG ACROSS
THE MID ATLANTIC...BUT THE 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHEAST JET
DRAWS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES CLOSER TO 1.75 INCHES ACROSS
SC/NC/VA INTO PORTIONS OF MD/DE. THE LOW LEVEL INFLOW BECOMES
UPSLOPE ON THE EAST ASPECT OF THE APPALACHIANS ...WITH ITS BEST
FOCUS OVER PORTIONS OF WESTERN CAROLINAS.  IN THIS AREA...A SMALL
AREA OF 1.75 TO 2.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED. WHILE THIS AMOUNT
OF QPF DOES NOT EXCEED THE THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES
(WHICH AREA GENERALLY BETWEEN 2.00 AND 3.00 INCHES)...THE
COMBINATION OF UPSLOPE FLOW AND THE POTENTIAL FOR HIGH RAINFALL
RATES SUGGESTS THE POTENTIAL FOR FLASH FLOODING. BOTH THE 00Z GEFS
OUTPUT AND THE LATEST ECMWF ENSEMBLE SHOWED MANY MEMBERS WITH 2+
INCH QPF HERE. WITH THIS IN MIND...A SMALL SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS
INTRODUCED INTO WESTERN NC. THIS AXIS OF HEAVY QPF WAS EMBEDDED IN
A MUCH LARGER AREA OF 1.00 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM
GA NORTHWARD ACROSS THE MID ATLANTIC REGION AND INTO PARTS OF NY
AND WESTERN NEW ENGLAND. 


...MIDWEST/NORTHERN PLAINS/GREAT LAKES...

A LOW LEVEL FLOW OF HIGH MOISTURE CONTENT AIR INTO THE UPPER
MIDWEST AND INTO THE GREAT LAKES AT THE START OF DAY 2 WILL
GRADUALLY SHIFT TO THE EAST WITH TIME AS A LARGE SCALE UPPER TROF
SHIFTS EAST. 

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING ACROSS THE MIDWEST DRAGS A COLD
FRONT ACROSS THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 3.
MUCH OF THE BEST LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM
OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS OCCURS COINCIDENT WITH THE COLD FRONTAL
PASSAGE. THE MOISTURE CONTENT OF THE AIRMASS DROPS WITH TIME...BUT
THERE SHOULD BE ENOUGH MOISTURE AND ELEVATED INSTABILITY FOR A
SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES IN TO
THE MIDWEST. HIGHER AMOUNTS (CLOSER TO AN INCH) ARE POSSIBLE
CLOSER TO THE PATH OF THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM OVER THE ARROWHEAD OF
MN.

...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES
DURING DAY 2. THE CLOSED LOW OPENS UP AS IT CROSSES THE PLAINS ON
DAY 3...BUT WRAPAROUND MOISTURE SUPPORTS QPF DURING DAY 3. FOR THE
MOST PART...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z
ECMWF/GFS...WITH SOME 00Z NAM USED TO BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER
TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

THE CLOSED LOW WILL BE EMERGING OVER THE WESTERN HIGH PLAINS AFTER
HAVING CROSSED THE CENTRAL ROCKIES FRONT RANGE BY THE START OF DAY
2.  AS IT TRACKS EASTWARD...SOME MOISTURE WILL STILL BE WRAPPING
BACK INTO THE ROCKIES FRONT RANGE ON DAY 2.  WHILE MOISTURE
LINGERS INTO DAY 3...AND THERE IS ENOUGH LIFT TO SUPPORT SCT AREAS
OF PCPN...AMOUNTS WILL BE TAPERING OFF AND EVENTUALLY COMING TO AN
END.

BURKE/SULLIVAN/BANN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 19/00Z
 0.01 540019 540006 539003 535002 532999 533995 534992 535987
      534981 533978 530975 526975 520978 515982 504992 496003
      493007 491008 486015 483022 479027 477037 476050 478052
      481052 485052 487050 507032 510031 509034 508037 504045
      498059 497066 496069 495074 496080 496084 498088 499093
      502093 506086 509078 512071 515061 524048 533037 535034
      538028 540019
 0.01 529172 529165 527161 522154 520143 516135 514131 510130
      504122 499115 496115 492117 487123 483125 480122 477117
      476111 476108 473105 470102 465102 462101 460098 459094
      455092 450091 445091 436093 436098 438098 440096 443097
      446099 449107 455113 461114 461121 463125 466127 470135
      471141 471148 476151 484149 491149 501151 504155 505158
      503161 503165 501167 497166 494168 492171 495172 503177
      506180 508185 511194 513197 516196 520191 518177 516169
      529172
 0.01 517811 517801 515795 514787 511782 509776 506773 498769
      487748 484743 480739 476730 471718 469711 467703 462691
      458682 455677 453671 450664 447660 443659 440660 433669
      426677 423682 423688 422701 423715 421728 425732 430731
      433731 435733 436741 436746 436751 440755 444757 452765
      459771 468773 475780 481790 483794 483799 483816 483832
      484842 485848 490861 492864 496866 502865 504862 510851
      514838 516827 517811
 0.01 477982 474972 471964 464949 443927 436924 430921 418916
      412912 405912 397914 387915 370919 362920 355916 348914
      346910 346906 344896 342888 338882 333876 324864 320859
      318858 320855 325852 329852 332854 335857 341856 347853
      354840 356831 357826 357819 354796 350779 352761 352743
      353735 348731 337733 331738 326744 323749 321757 316765
      312772 311775 311780 310788 308795 306799 304801 296800
      292800 290798 284793 270798 266798 262799 258801 256804
      255808 256812 262815 270817 274818 276820 279823 283823
      286821 291821 294822 296825 296830 298832 300834 300838
      297844 291856 281868 270879 266895 262915 261923 262929
      255955 250970 253976 256984 257988 260992 266997 272000
      275006 280012 286018 290024 296027 298025 299021 298015
      299010 301008 306007 310002 314997 320997 323995 327996
      337996 358996 366997 373000 381004 385011 386015 387020
      380024 375028 376031 378036 374043 367045 362048 358053
      356057 356062 354071 355083 354085 351085 348083 344087
      344090 346093 348097 350099 357104 360107 364108 369109
      372111 375112 377110 380107 381103 383100 390098 393097
      399097 402100 403104 406111 412111 419093 423088 429084
      432082 436081 440079 444079 451081 453078 454073 454067
      456062 459053 465038 468032 471022 473014 475004 476990
      477982
 0.01 394750 393743 392738 388740 386743 381751 377759 374767
      371777 377782 385780 388778 389772 389766 390762 393752
      394750
 0.25 502826 503821 503816 502811 501807 500804 498801 495800
      494802 493807 493812 494817 494822 495827 496830 498832
      500832 501829 502826
 0.25 492789 492787 492784 491782 490782 489783 488785 489788
      489790 490791 491792 492789
 0.25 484768 482762 480759 475753 470746 466737 456725 455720
      454714 457705 457702 454698 451697 446700 440705 437708
      435712 435717 438720 442725 445729 448731 455732 458736
      460740 464747 472764 478769 481772 483771 484768
 0.25 461003 462994 462988 459975 454965 449957 443950 437945
      423934 414928 407924 401923 395924 385925 376927 368930
      352939 342944 335949 331952 328957 326961 323962 321960
      321956 322947 322940 321935 321925 321920 325916 330915
      333912 332905 330899 324892 320890 315890 311888 309886
      303879 297878 292881 285889 280896 277901 275906 272915
      270923 268933 265943 263955 262962 265966 267969 268974
      272984 277986 283985 287985 290983 295982 299983 303983
      303979 307978 308975 325981 330980 337979 343978 346977
      356974 363974 371977 376980 378983 382990 386991 392997
      398006 401011 401016 398057 397062 395063 390065 383069
      378069 374068 373071 374076 379085 384088 388089 396088
      405087 410086 415084 422079 430074 436068 448056 451051
      452046 453038 455032 460018 461003
 0.25 345781 345774 343770 338769 335769 331771 329774 328779
      328785 330791 333792 337789 340787 343784 345781
 0.25 346827 343825 343818 342812 343807 344803 342801 340803
      338807 337813 337817 338821 342824 345827 346827
 0.25 319817 319815 319814 318813 318810 318808 317807 315809
      314811 313812 313813 312815 312818 312820 313822 313824
      314825 316824 316823 318821 319819 319818 319817
 0.25 290810 289805 288804 283802 278803 272803 267804 261805
      259806 259809 265809 270812 275815 281816 287814 290810
 0.50 457993 458986 457981 455975 447962 443957 438953 432950
      428947 422941 417938 411934 405931 398930 391931 379934
      370936 364938 355949 349952 343955 339958 334962 328965
      324970 323973 324975 332976 338975 344973 357967 363964
      368967 373972 377974 381973 389973 396974 401977 407981
      412986 415991 414995 412996 408993 398985 392982 390981
      388984 390988 392991 397994 402999 403008 409020 412026
      412036 408053 405062 401067 396072 394075 395079 406077
      411076 413075 419072 426070 431066 439058 443052 446044
      448036 450026 450019 449015 446008 442003 439998 437995
      439993 446997 453000 457993
 0.50 424011 424008 423006 422004 421003 420003 420006 420007
      420008 421010 422011 423011 424011
 0.50 316967 315953 314943 314935 314928 312916 308905 304896
      297888 294887 291889 289891 282900 279908 274919 272929
      272934 274940 274944 278945 281956 279966 277971 276975
      277978 283979 286978 291976 296973 302966 316967
 0.50 286808 285807 285806 283804 281804 280805 278806 276806
      274807 273807 274809 275811 277812 279812 280812 282812
      284811 285810 286809 286808
 1.00 436047 436043 434042 433039 431040 426044 423050 422052
      420048 418045 415050 415052 418055 421054 425060 430056
      434052 436047
 1.00 418959 418953 417948 416945 412943 406940 399938 392938
      389940 387943 385946 385952 388959 390961 395963 397964
      402965 406964 408961 411959 414958 418959
 1.00 338969 337969 336967 335967 335969 335970 337969 338969
 1.00 309952 308935 306926 304920 301913 299905 298898 293895
      289899 286904 283912 281918 282923 284926 286932 288947
      287955 287961 289963 292962 297959 304956 308954 309952
 1.50 305947 305937 302926 297920 295916 294910 294903 290904
      289908 289914 290922 290933 291939 291945 290956 292958
      296957 303952 305947
 2.00 302945 303941 302937 301933 300931 299928 297929 295931
      294935 294939 294941 293945 293949 293954 295954 297952
      299950 301947 302945 

24HR QP VT 20/00Z
 0.01 441630 452636 459646 465662 465672 464680 459692 451694
      445693 440692 434690 428688 423685 417682 413678 411669
      409659 411652 414646 419640 424636
 0.01 560002 560995 560987 558974 555963 553957 551952 547948
      546944 546938 546929 545925 547920 543893 540882 535873
      526860 521852 518850 514850 504851 499852 495855 488859
      485859 479859 472863 465868 458875 452881 448885 443887
      440888 439884 441877 442864 443858 442853 439842 438834
      437830 436825 434821 429815 427811 424808 418801 405788
      391779 384774 376770 359758 352754 347749 343748 338750
      332752 329755 317765 310770 308773 306778 303786 301789
      297789 290785 279785 275784 270785 262789 260793 257799
      258804 263805 272808 281811 282817 281820 278830 271834
      264841 259846 255852 249870 252885 250890 251897 253908
      253915 251919 250926 248925 244925 237929 237934 240938
      241948 239955 235973 233977 233983 232991 237998 240000
      245999 252995 260000 264003 267002 271000 274997 279987
      280984 282985 284990 286994 289997 300000 303000 306999
      311994 324983 326974 327967 323966 314962 309954 307951
      301950 290951 284951 281949 281946 287939 294931 301924
      308919 311917 314919 320923 328927 337930 337938 337945
      336949 335956 339958 347963 344973 342978 342984 347991
      351993 356994 360993 363994 377996 382999 386002 382012
      380025 378034 377041 377044 375044 370044 365045 359048
      357052 357058 366062 371069 373074 373081 388079 391082
      397082 403081 408081 410085 407088 404102 403107 401111
      403114 407114 413113 417115 422114 437110 449113 453116
      457115 464109 468108 470108 470104 468100 463099 458097
      458091 459084 459080 450075 447070 447061 450055 453051
      482044 489048 497046 512038 524026
 0.01 524026 527021 529015 532008 533005 535004 540007 543008
      545010 547017 550023 554026 558024 559015 560004 560002
 0.01 441014 442011 441008 437007 433008 430011 427016 423023
      420026 419031 416038 414042 414045 415047 420041 425037
      430030 433025 438019 441014
 0.01 389204 388199 386197 381192 375187 372185 368184 360183
      357185 358187 364187 369192 375197 379203 383207 389204
 0.25 525984 523976 523968 519952 518933 517920 515912 510898
      505886 503880 500876 489875 483876 478879 470885 459893
      448899 438903 431904 425903 422900 423896 426883 427876
      428868 427860 425853 418841 412831 407826 402823 397821
      391823 387824 384823 381820 379817 380813 382809 384802
      384796 381791 377788 364783 353780 347778 342775 338775
      332776 323782 324797 322803 319808 314817 313822 314826
      315831 313834 309839 304842 294848 287854 282857 279861
      272871 268876 265880 265884 268895 270898 269902 266908
      264913 261918 258923 258931 258938 261942 265944 270943
      275940 280937 286929 294919 304911 312905 318901 324904
      331909 339916 355932 356944 357952 360960 362965 366970
      374974 380976 384981 388984 391988 396992 401993 405991
      409987 411984 411977 409969 411962 416959 421957 425956
      433963 442971 448979 456988 460993 465996 472006 477010
      483012 489011 493010 503006 513004 520995 523989 525984
 0.25 440665 439660 438658 436655 434653 431655 429657 428660
      428664 429667 431670 433671 435671 438671 440668 440665
 0.25 453103 453100 453098 453097 452096 450096 448095 447094
      445093 443093 442094 442096 443097 445098 446099 448099
      449101 450102 451103 453103 453103
 0.25 445041 446039 446036 445035 443034 442035 440036 438037
      437038 436039 435040 435042 435045 436045 438044 439044
      441044 443044 444043 445042 445041
 0.25 436098 436095 435092 432090 430087 428086 425085 423088
      424091 426094 427096 430099 432100 435100 436098
 0.25 417073 415066 414062 409059 404056 399055 395059 393064
      396064 399065 399069 405070 406073 410075 413075 417073
 0.25 308979 305975 301973 299970 300966 299961 296959 292960
      289964 289970 290974 294978 297981 301983 306981 308979
 0.25 276982 277980 276978 275977 274977 272977 270977 268978
      266980 265982 266984 268986 270986 272986 273985 275984
      276982
 0.25 256945 256943 255942 254941 252943 252945 253947 254948
      254947 255946 256945
 0.25 252978 252976 252975 251976 250976 249978 248980 250980
      251980 252979 252978
 0.50 499957 500948 500938 499930 499924 500912 498905 495900
      493894 491889 487886 481887 477889 470895 461900 442909
      431914 425916 420919 416922 410923 405922 402919 401914
      404909 409907 412903 416890 418877 419868 418860 415852
      411849 402842 393839 389837 385834 382831 378828 373828
      368825 367822 368818 371814 375810 377805 377800 375797
      370794 359791 349791 342792 339795 338801 336804 330814
      326824 324830 322835 314843 305849 294855 283868 279871
      276876 275882 276884 279884 282885 283889 283896 276906
      270914 264920 261925 263931 265935 269939 273938 277934
      283927 297910 312898 316894 322893 327894 331897 339902
      345904 351904 353902 355902 359906 368914 371918 376922
      384927 386929 384931 383935 381939 375940 369940 365944
      364948 365952 368956 373959 377957 386949 389945 394943
      405945 415947 426951 439950 442951 443955 445959 452971
      455975 459979 468986 471986 475982 489971 496965 499957
 1.00 414868 413866 410865 408866 406868 405871 404875 404880
      404882 404885 406887 409889 411887 412882 413880 414875
      414870 414868
 1.00 388874 387867 382865 375866 373871 370876 368878 368882
      372885 376890 381892 385891 386888 387881 388874
 1.00 368809 367802 363799 357799 352801 342816 339820 338825
      339830 339836 338847 331854 326861 321869 314877 314879
      320880 329876 335871 347856 352847 356844 357841 359828
      360823 363819 366813 368809
 1.00 304893 305890 304889 302890 302891 301893 300895 301897
      302899 303897 303895 304893 304893
 1.00 284914 284910 281912 279914 278916 276919 275921 274925
      276925 278923 280921 282918 283916 284914
 1.50 363814 364809 363805 358805 353809 348813 345818 344821
      345825 348829 351834 355830 356823 359818 363814
 2.00 358814 358812 357812 356812 355813 353815 352816 350817
      349818 348818 348820 348822 349822 350822 351822 352821
      354819 355817 356817 357815 358814


24HR QP VT 21/00Z
 0.01 539901 539887 538881 537877 536855 534844 533832 523827
      514821 510817 507811 503796 500780 496761 494753 491745
      488739 484733 480726 478722 476721 471716 467714 456712
      452710 449707 439702 432702 425701 415697 404692 398690
      389692 382694 376694 363697 357698 351702 343708 338713
      332717 323725 319730 314734 303744 295750 287758 279765
      276770 274774 268787 265793 263799 262807 261814 265821
      268827 280828 275838 270849 271854 269859 277859 282856
      292849 302841 305838 309838 311846 310853 311857 311860
      313862 318864 331863 334864 336866 339871 343878 344880
      340881 334884 330888 321899 317904 314910 311915 311919
      313922 315926 320929 329924 336924 341922 353928 359931
      363935 370938 374937 379936 383938 388942 396950 402950
      405945 408939 409933 410930 413929 419929 422927 427927
      435927 438927 439931 439936 445949 454959 463969 467972
      469979 471985 472991 480997 485998 488000 492996 497993
      501989 511979 521972 524966 526959 530945 533941 533931
      536917 535912 536907 539901
 0.01 460116 461107 460101 459096 454093 450091 445090 442087
      441081 443077 446078 449080 453079 450075 444069 438062
      432056 419054 416051 414047 410040 402032 396032 392033
      391037 391042 385046 379037 375026 370020 366018 363018
      359022 357027 359033 361037 360041 358046 354053 354060
      357064 365070 372076 375083 380086 386086 390085 397086
      401088 401095 401100 402104 408114 415118 420124 424122
      424117 430107 434103 437108 439110 443109 447107 449109
      451117 452120 455120 460116
 0.01 436223 436221 436220 434220 433219 431219 429218 429219
      427220 426220 425220 424222 423222 423224 425225 426226
      428226 430227 432227 434225 436223 436223
 0.01 430082 431080 430078 430075 429070 429068 426066 424070
      424072 422075 420077 418079 415080 418083 419085 421083
      423081 425082 428084 430082
 0.01 422100 422098 420098 418100 417102 417104 418105 419104
      420104 421102 422101 422100
 0.01 391202 388196 381192 375187 370183 361181 355182 355187
      358188 366191 372196 376201 383205 387205 389203 391202
 0.01 305962 305956 304953 303948 301945 297943 293947 281974
      279956 267964 259965 252965 244967 240972 238979 239986
      242994 246998 258003 263009 266016 270020 276022 281023
      283025 289029 292031 296032 299032 301030 301026 300023
      297016 296008 293002 289997 289990 288986 291984 297982
      299981 301977 303971 305962
 0.25 525915 525904 525895 523880 521874 519867 513858 508850
      503841 494827 486818 479814 471809 465797 449760 446753
      442750 435744 432740 430734 426730 423727 416721 408717
      401714 396715 393713 387713 381715 377718 376724 372734
      364740 348750 333760 325766 321769 316771 304772 298772
      294776 288781 286785 287791 301800 305802 309806 315813
      320815 325814 335810 339812 341815 343819 344825 343830
      343836 345840 350842 358833 361829 365829 374834 384838
      394835 405833 413830 414840 415849 417855 420861 423864
      430871 433877 434883 434887 436890 443896 446899 446904
      444906 440907 428911 424913 421916 424918 430918 443917
      452918 461921 470923 479923 486923 492922 496925 501926
      504926 505929 507936 508942 505947 505951 505954 509955
      514947 518938 521928 525915
 0.25 411070 410066 407063 402060 398058 396062 393064 389066
      385069 384071 385073 390074 394076 398076 402074 406073
      410072 411070
 0.25 376904 375898 374896 369890 361889 354891 347894 341897
      337902 337906 339909 348909 357909 366909 374907 376904
 0.25 283012 282004 280998 276987 273981 270976 267972 261971
      253971 247972 243976 242981 245986 249990 260993 265997
      268001 274011 278013 283012
 0.50 515903 515896 514890 511884 504874 491848 485844 483844
      480846 476847 473845 470841 463826 458813 454806 450802
      447802 446805 445810 444812 443822 441829 439832 439837
      441844 447846 453850 462857 465859 466863 467868 469872
      474875 475878 475882 473892 473902 475907 480912 485914
      492912 497909 502908 512908 515903
 0.50 447790 447782 446778 442769 437765 434766 433769 432776
      434790 433795 430794 426796 424801 424805 426808 428814
      432816 435812 438808 438803 439797 445796 446792 447790
 0.50 422742 422738 421735 419732 413727 401722 375740 369745
      360748 354751 347755 334765 329770 324775 314786 322797
      328801 334802 337799 341798 345800 346807 349811 353812
      360808 367804 372804 378804 382802 389799 394793 400790
      402793 404797 409804 412805 414803 416797 412776 411756
      422742
 0.50 401825 399824 397825 395825 394826 394828 396829 397828
      399827 401825 401825
 0.50 363898 362896 360894 359894 358894 356895 355895 353897
      351898 350899 350901 351902 352903 353904 355904 356903
      357903 358902 360901 361901 362900 363898
 0.50 302789 303787 302786 300786 298787 297788 297790 298790
      300790 302789 302789
 0.50 272991 270986 269982 266978 263976 259975 253975 250976
      247980 249984 251987 255988 260989 266990 270992 272991
 1.00 411742 410737 408735 406734 404733 401734 399735 398739
      397742 398747 401747 404747 408746 410744 411742
 1.00 393766 392762 388761 382759 378754 376751 374751 365752
      360754 348761 345767 348774 353777 359777 360782 359785
      357791 355794 355799 358800 361799 373794 379789 381784
      382779 384776 389773 392769 393766