Skip Navigation Links weather.gov 
NOAA logo - Click to go to the NOAA homepage National Weather Service   NWS logo - Click to go to the NWS homepage
The Weather Prediction Center

 
 

 

Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Facebook Follow the Weather Prediction Center on Twitter
NCEP Quarterly Newsletter
WPC Home
Analyses and Forecasts
   National High & Low
   WPC Discussions
   Surface Analysis
   Days ½-2½ CONUS
   Days 3-7 CONUS
   Days 4-8 Alaska
   QPF
   PQPF
   Flood Outlook
   Winter Weather
   Storm Summaries
   Heat Index
   Air Quality
   Tropical Products
   Daily Weather Map
   GIS Products
Current Watches/
Warnings

Satellite and Radar Imagery
   Satellite Images
   National Radar
Product Archive
WPC Verification
   QPF
   Medium Range
   Model Diagnostics
   Event Reviews
International Desks
Development and Training
   Development
WPC Overview
   About the WPC
   Staff
   WPC History
   Accomplishments
   Other Sites
   FAQs
Meteorological Calculators
Contact Us
   About Our Site
 
USA.gov is the U.S. Government's official web portal to all federal, state, and local government web resources and services.
 
Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 2253Z Nov 22, 2014)
 
Version Selection
Versions back from latest:  0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   
 
Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
553 PM EST SAT NOV 22 2014


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 23/0000 UTC THRU NOV 26/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

...GREAT LAKES/MIDWEST SOUTHWARD THRU THE OH AND TN VALLEYS INTO
THE GULF COAST REGION...

A WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINFALL EVENT IS ASSURED THIS
PERIOD FROM THE GREAT LAKES SOUTHWARD INTO THE GULF COAST
STATES..AHEAD OF A STRONG SOUTHERN STREAM H5 TROF LIFTING FROM
VICINITY OF THE BIG BEND INTO THE OH VALLEY AND THE ASSOCIATED
STRONG BUT PROGRESSIVE WARM AIR ADVECTION PATTERN AHEAD OF IT. 
THE LATEST MODEL RUNS ARE IN VERY GOOD AGREEMENT IN TAKING THE BIG
BEND SYSTEM EASTWARD SATURDAY NIGHT INTO THE LOWER MS VALLEY AND
THEN TURNING IT NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE OH VALLEY ON SUNDAY..AS A
SIGNIFICANT UPPER JET DIGS THRU THE GREAT BASIN AND INTO THE
SOUTHERN ROCKIES..ALLOWING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN GREAT
BASIN H5 TROF TO ALSO DIG INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS BY SUNDAY
EVENING.  THE STRONG SOUTHERLY TO SOUTH-SOUTHWESTERLY LOW LEVEL
FLOW DEVELOPING AHEAD OF THE SOUTHERN STREAM H5 SYSTEM WILL RAISE
PW VALUES TO 1 TO 2 STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE THE MEAN..AND THIS
COMBINED WITH DECENT HEIGHT FALLS AND A DEVELOPING DIFFLUENT UPPER
FLOW AHEAD OF THESE STRONG HEIGHT FALLS WILL SUPPORT THE POTENTIAL
FOR WIDESPREAD MODERATE TO HEAVY RAINS OVER PRETTY MUCH ALL OF THE
GULF COAST STATES AND EXTENDING UP THE MS VALLEY INTO THE MIDWEST.
 AS OPPOSED TO THE LAST RUNS..THE NEW HIRES QPFS HAVE SPED UP THRU
THE GULF COAST SO THAT THEY ARE NOW IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH
THE REMAINDER OF THE GUIDANCE.  THIS SYSTEM HAS STRONG LIFT AND
HIGH MOISTURE..BUT WILL ALSO BE QUITE PROGRESSIVE..SO RAINFALL
AMOUNTS LIKELY TO REMAIN BELOW WHAT ARE HIGH FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES IN PLACE THRUOUT MUCH OF THE AREA.  STILL..EXPECT AT LEAST
SOME 1-2+ INCH RAINS OVER THE WESTERN GULF AND AT
LEAST SOME 2-3+ INCH TOTALS FARTHER EAST ALONG THE GULF COAST
WHERE 50+KTS OF LOW LEVEL JET ARE FORECAST.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN/CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND
INTO THE CENTRAL TO NORTHERN ROCKIES...

THE INITIAL H5 TROF OVER THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN GREAT
BASIN WILL DIG INTO THE SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHERN PLAINS DURING
THE PERIOD ON 150+ KTS OF UPPER JET..WHILE LATE IN THE PERIOD THE
NEXT UPSTREAM H5 TROF MOVES INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON THE
STRONG JET ALONG 50N.  ENHANCED LIFT WITH THE PRETTY IMPRESSIVE
MID LEVEL DYNAMICS/HEIGHT FALLS ALONG WITH THE POST FRONTAL
WEST-WEST-NORTHWESTERLY FLOW WILL SUPPORT WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION
TOTALS THRUOUT THE ENTIRE REGION AND ESPECIALLY SO IN THE FAVORED
HIGHER TERRAIN FROM WA AND NORTHERN OR INTO ID..UT..WESTERN WY AND
WESTERN CO.  STILL PRETTY DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
PRECIPITATION DISTRIBUTION ACROSS THESE AREAS--WITH THE NAM12 USED
PRIMARILY FOR THE FINER DETAILS.


DAYS 2-3...


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST...

A SERIES OF SHORT WAVES CROSSING THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST WILL FOCUS
MOISTURE AND LIFT ON THE HIGHER TERRAIN...WITH THE HEAVIEST QPF
EXPECTED ON DAY 2. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS DECENT MODEL
AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TIMING AND STRENGTH OF THE SHORT
WAVES...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/GFS...WITH SOME 09Z SREF MEAN USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

THE FIRST SHORT WAVE CROSSES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING THE
FIRST HALF OF DAY 2. THE BEST SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT OCCURS VIA
DIVERGENCE ASSOCIATED WITH A 150 KNOT JET STREAK CROSSES THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND GREAT BASIN...AS A 20 TO 30 KNOT LOW LEVEL
WESTERLY JET TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH TO
THE WA/OR COAST. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE MOISTURE ON THE
HIGHER TERRAIN...RESULTING IN STRIPES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF
QPF ACROSS THE OLYMPICS AND CASCADES IN WA.

WEAK SHORT WAVES IN THE FAST MID LEVEL FLOW CROSS THE WA COASTLINE
DURING DAY 3. AGAIN...THE BEST SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IS PROVIDED VIA
DIVERGENCE IN CONJUNCTION WITH A JET STREAK TRACKING OVER WESTERN
CANADA. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW IS MUCH STRONGER ON DAY 3...AS A 40 TO
50 KNOT LOW LEVEL WESTERLY JET TRANSPORTS PRECIPTABLE WATER VALUES
NEAR 1.25 INCHES (WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
NORMAL) TO THE COAST. AGAIN... THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE
MOISTURE IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN. AN AXIS OF 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES OF
QPF WAS DRAPED ACROSS THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN WA AS WELL AS THE
COASTAL RANGE IN OR. FURTHER EAST...A SWATH OF 1.50 TO 2.50 INCHES
OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE WA CASCADES.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN. PLEASE REFER TO
THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.


...ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVES COMING SHORE IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST DURING DAYS 2
AND 3 WILL DROP INTO A LONG WAVE TROUGH POSITION OVER THE
ROCKIES...PROVIDING LIFT FOR QPF EACH DAY. THERE WAS DECENT MODEL
AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE OVERALL SEQUENCE OF EVENTS...THOUGH
THE 12Z GFS MAY BE TOO STRONG WITH THE SHORT WAVES IN THE FLOW.
WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z
ECMWF/UKMET...WITH SOME 09Z SREF MEAN USED TO BETTER DELINEATE
HIGHER TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

A SHORT WAVE DROPPING SOUTHEAST FROM WESTERN CANADA INTO THE
DEVELOPING LONG WAVE TROUGH POSITION CROSSES THE NORTHERN AND
CENTRAL ROCKIES ON DAY 2. THE SHORT WAVE WILL HELP INDUCE SURFACE
CYCLOGENESIS ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM WESTERN CANADA
INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS. THE BEST SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IS PROVIDED
VIA DIVERGENCE IN THE LEFT FRONT QUADRANT OF A 130 KNOT JET STREAK
DIVING INTO THE ROCKIES. THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
AND UPSLOPE FLOW IN THE WAKE OF THE DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW WILL
MAKE THE MOST OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE (PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
REMAIN AT OR BELOW 0.25 INCHES) FOR QPF...FOCUSED ON THE HIGHER
TERRAIN. AXES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED OVER THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE BITTERROOTS OF ID...THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT
RANGE IN MT...THE GRAND TETONS IN WY...THE WASATCH RANGE IN UT AND
THE ROCKIES IN CENTRAL CO.

A SECOND SHORT WAVE DROPPING INTO THE LONG WAVE POSITION INDUCES
CYCLOGENESIS YET AGAIN ON THE LOW LEVEL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM
WESTERN CANADA INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS. THE UPSLOPE COMPONENT OF
THE FLOW IS STRONGER THAN DAY 2...AND THAT FLOW...COMBINED WITH
WEAK SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT...WILL AGAIN MAKE THE MOST OF THE MEAGER
AVAILABLE MOISTURE. THE BEST UPSLOPE OCCURS OVER THE BITTERROOTS
OF ID...WHERE AN AXIS OF 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.
LESSER AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 0.25 AND 0.50 INCHES) WERE
EXTENDED ACROSS THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT AND THE GRAND
TETONS OF WY.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN. PLEASE REFER TO
THE LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE
INFORMATION.


...GREAT LAKES...

A STRONG SHORT WAVE CLOSES OFF OVER THE NORTHERN PLAINS AND GREAT
LAKES ON DAY 2...AIDING IN THE RAPID DEEPENING OF SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE AS IT CROSSES THE MIDWEST AND GREAT LAKES. BEHIND THE THE
DEPARTING SURFACE SYSTEM...THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES FAVORABLE
FOR LAKE EFFECT PRECIPITATION LATE ON DAY 2 INTO DAY 3. THE 12Z
GFS APPEARS TO BE TOO STRONG WITH ITS MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND ITS
SURFACE SYSTEM.
OTHERWISE...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE TRACK
AND INTENSITY OF THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE SYSTEMS...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/UKMET...WITH THE 12Z NAM
USED TO BETTER DEPICT LAKE EFFECT.

A STRONG SHORT WAVE TRACKING SOUTHEAST OUT OF WESTERN CANADA EARLY
ON DAY 2 CLOSES OFF BRIEFLY BEFORE CROSSING THE UPPER GREAT LAKES
BY LATE IN THE DAY. SURFACE LOW PRESSURE FORMS ON A FRONTAL
BOUNDARY EXTENDING ACROSS THE MIDWEST AND MID MS VALLEY...WHICH
THEN DEEPENS RAPIDLY AS IT HEADS FOR THE GREAT LAKES. AHEAD OF THE
MID LEVEL SYSTEM AND SURFACE LOW...A 30 TO 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL FLOW
TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR AN INCH INTO THE GREAT
LAKES. MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS MI SHOWED ELEVATED INSTABILITY AS
WELL AS STRONG LOW LEVEL VEERING...SUGGESTING THE POTENTIAL FOR
ELEVATED CONVECTION. THE ELEVATED CONVECTION SHOULD RESULT IN A
LARGE AREA OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN
WI...NORTHERN IN... NORTHERN OH AND ALL OF MI. THREE HOUR FLASH
FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY GREATER THAN 1.50 INCHES.
WHILE THERE MAY BE SOME LOCAL RUNOFF ISSUES FROM THE COMBINATION
OF LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL AND SNOWMELT...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING
IS NOT EXPECTED.

THE LAST OF THE SYNOPTIC SCALE PRECIPITATION SHOULD BE EXITING ON
DAY 3. COLDER AIR ON THE BACK SIDE OF THE SYNOPTIC SCALE SYSTEM
SHOULD RESULT IN A PRECIPITATION PHASE CHANGE FROM WEST TO EAST
FROM LATE DAY 2 INTO DAY 3. THE SYNOPTIC SCALE PORTION OF QPF
ACCOUNTS FOR 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF THE NORTHERN HALF
OF MI...WITH LESSER AMOUNTS (BETWEEN 0.10 AND 0.25 INCHES) OVER
THE REMAINDER OF WI AND MI.

FURTHER EAST...MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED THAT THE DEPTH OF THE
CAPPING INVERSION INCREASES ACROSS THE LOWER LAKES DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF DAY 3. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW BECOMES
UNIDIRECTIONAL...BUT THE MEAN FLOW IS NOT DOWN THE LONG AXIS OF
THE LAKE...BUT OFF TO AN ANGLE. THIS SHOULD LIMIT THE FETCH FOR
LAKE EFFECT QPF..SO FOR NOW 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED
DOWNWIND OF LAKES ERIE AND ONTARIO.


...MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

HIGH CONTENT MOISTURE AND STRONG LEVEL WINDS ASSOCIATED WITH A
STRONG SHORT WAVE TRACKING FROM NORTHERN AL INTO WESTERN NY STATE
ON DAY 2 POSE THE THREAT FOR LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS
PORTIONS OF THE MID ATLANTIC AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. FOR THE
MOST PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO TIMING
AND PLACEMENT OF THE LOWER AND MID LEVEL COMPONENTS (THOUGH THE
12Z GFS MAY BE TOO STRONG WITH ITS LOW LEVEL INFLOW)...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/UKMET/NAM.

A STRONG SHORT WAVE TRACKING FROM AL INTO WESTERN NY STATE WILL
FOCUS LIFT ON A RAPIDLY MOVING WARM FRONT FROM THE MID ATLANTIC
INTO NEW ENGLAND ON DAY 2. THE BEST LIFT SHOULD OCCUR NORTH OF THE
WARM FRONT...AS STRONG ISENTROPIC LIFT ON THE I295 LEVEL PLACES
THE BEST LIFT AND MOISTURE CLOSER TO THE 850 AND 700 MB WARM
FRONTS. THE STRONG UPGLIDE TRACKS FROM EASTERN NC EARLY INTO VA BY
24/06Z...PA/NJ BY 24/12Z AND INTO NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND AFTER
24/18Z. MODEL SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY (MOSTLY
ELEVATED) ON THE NOSE OF A 70 KNOT JET STREAK THAT ACCOMPANIES THE
WARM FRONT NORTHWARD. THE LOW LEVEL JET ALSO TRANSPORTS
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75 INCHES (WHICH IS MORE THAN TWO
STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) INTO THE STRONG UPGLIDE.

THE COMBINATION OF LIFT...INSTABILITY AND DEEP MOISTURE SHOULD
RESULT IN A LARGE SWATH OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING
FROM EASTERN VA ACROSS EASTERN PA/DE/NJ INTO SOUTHEAST NY STATE
AND SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND. IN THESE AREAS...THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY ABOVE 2.00 INCHES (THOUGH IT IS AS
LOW AS 1.00 TO 1.50 INCHES IN A SMALL PORTION OF NORTHEAST NJ).
THE RAPID MOVEMENT OF THE WARM FRONT AND ITS BEST LIFT MAY ALLOW
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL TO CAUSE RUNOFF ISSUES...BUT AT THIS
TIME...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.

THE EXCEPTION HERE IS EASTERNMOST NC. THE INSTABILITY HERE IS
SURFACE BASED...AND LASTS EVEN AFTER THE PASSAGE OF THE BEST LIFT.
THERE IS A STRONG MODEL CONSENSUS FOR QPF AMOUNTS BETWEEN 2.50 AND
3.00 INCHES ACROSS THIS AREA. GIVEN ACCESS TO HIGH MOISTURE
CONTENT AIR...LOCALLY HIGHER AMOUNTS ARE POSSIBLE. THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY BETWEEN 2.50 AND 3.00
INCHES. SINCE THE WPC QPF IS CLOSE TO THESE NUMBERS...AND HIGH
RAINFALL RATES ARE POSSIBLE IN DEEPER CONVECTION...A SLIGHT RISK
AREA WAS RETAINED HERE.


...SOUTHEAST/FL...

DEEP MOISTURE STREAMING UP AND ALONG A SURFACE BOUNDARY SLOWING AS
IT CROSSES THE SOUTHEAST AND FL...ESPECIALLY ON DAY 3...RAISES THE
SPECTER FOR CONVECTION AND LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL. FOR THE MOST
PART...THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH RESPECT TO THE THE
TIMING AND PLACEMENT OF THE FRONT AND HEAVY RAINFALL...SO THE WPC
QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 12Z ECMWF/NAM/UKMET.

A COLD FRONT ENTERS THE SOUTHEAST STATES DURING THE SECOND HALF OF
DAY 2. THE AIRMASS IS MARGINALLY UNSTABLE...BUT A LOW LEVEL SOUTH
SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.75
INCHES INTO AL/GA AHEAD OF THE FRONT. SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT IS
PROVIDED VIA SHORT WAVES DROPPING INTO A DEVELOPING LONG WAVE
TROUGH OVER THE GREAT LAKES AND MIDWEST. THE COMBINATION OF
SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY SHOULD RESULT IN A
STRIPE OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN GA INTO SC.

THE FRONT SLOWS AS IT ENTERS NORTHERN AND CENTRAL FL ON DAY 3. A
20 TO 25 KNOT LOW LEVEL FLOW TAPS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR
2.00 INCHES AHEAD OF THE FRONT OVER CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN FL. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL TO LOCALLY MODERATE INSTABILITY...AND
THE MID LEVEL FLOW BECOMING MORE PARALLEL TO THE FRONT SUGGESTS
THE POTENTIAL FOR CELL TRAINING. THERE IS A FAIR AMOUNT OF SPREAD
CONCERNING WHERE THE HEAVIEST QPF MIGHT OCCUR WITH THE FRONT...BUT
THE CONSENSUS OF THE ABOVEMENTIONED MODELS PLACES IT OVER NORTHERN
AND CENTRAL FL. AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED
HERE...WITH A 2.00 INCH BULLS EYE REMAINING JUST OFFSHORE.


TERRY/HAYES

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 24/00Z
 0.01 551118 552103 552094 551087 548078 546072 545066 543035
      541003 536977 532953 531944 530938 530923 529915 528910
      528894 525867 523852 521846 521839 515810 512796 506789
      504785 502782 499780 494780 490779 487778 479774 471771
      469770 469767 469762 469754 469748 467734 467729 468725
      471718 472713 471708 469704 467699 463698 458699 452702
      445710 442713 439718 433724 430727 428720 429715 429707
      429703 429696 427690 425688 421692 421698 420710 422724
      423730 422735 419744 419750 419757 418783 417796 416802
      417810 416815 416819 413819 409816 406813 393796 383781
      372770 367764 361759 355755 347749 328746 324747 319748
      308752 299757 292763 285768 278775 271789 268791 265792
      259793 256793 257795 259798 260802 263805 269810 272818
      273824 272829 270839 268849 260869 257878 258889 258901
      258914 259918 259923 255929 248944 244952 246964 247973
      247986 248992 251994 260998 268000 279997 286994 297991
      307991 316989 328989 338987 344983 349977 357972 364972
      368981 373988 390984 398988 407984 410982 414978 421973
      428966 435961 448952 456948 462947 465945 471940 476932
      480926 488920 490925 490933 490941 489947 487960 484964
      482970 476979 472989 468004 468010 466015 468027 465036
      463038 462035 457027 451024 447026 443030 438035 435039
      433045 433052 431057 422055 418057 412056 406054 400054
      395056 392056 390054 385052 383049 377043 375039 373037
      376035 380034 382033 382029 380026 375026 371028 371032
      373035 370036 366036 364039 365042 361052 360058 363061
      369068
 0.01 369068 374090 375094 377098 383095 389093 392094 394096
      396098 397101 396105 392107 389110 381112 377115 376122
      378127 382130 386132 389136 391140 392146 402163 405166
      410168 413171 418173 426170 428171 429174 426180 425184
      427187 433188 438192 443200 449203 449210 446214 437214
      421222 423226 426230 427234 423236 415237 415243 418248
      422251 426252 435250 439249 442253 446256 451255 461259
      470264 475266 478269 482273 485277 491285 498292 501295
      506296 509296 511294 525260 524251 522242 516227 515223
      515217 516211 519210 520211 525216 530218 533216 535213
      536209 537202 537193 537187 536182 527170 518159 508151
      506148 503145 499140 493136 488131 486128 483126 477123
      471120 468117 469113 473108 480105 482103 486104 491109
      496115 502117 510118 516124 519129 523136 527142 529144
      534145 538142 543136 551118
 0.01 473199 474194 473189 470188 467187 463188 461189 459192
      458194 458199 460201 463202 466202 468202 471200 473199
 0.01 475084 471075 467068 466064 464061 462065 459067 455072
      453077 453083 451085 449083 444079 437075 433074 432071
      429061 427063 424067 420081 429084 433088 442091 446090
      450092 455097 457099 460099 464099 466098 467095 467089
      469087 475084
 0.01 456127 455121 453120 450120 448122 443116 436118 431123
      427129 427134 426136 426139 428141 430143 434143 436140
      443139 445130 452129 456127
 0.01 417139 418133 416129 410129 407129 405130 400128 397128
      398131 399136 402139 406141 411141 414140 417139
 0.01 366189 364184 361183 356181 350181 347183 345187 344193
      346197 349194 351190 355187 359186 362188 366189
 0.25 516270 518261 517253 514242 508230 503220 497208 493205
      487204 477205 467207 463209 458212 449216 445218 440219
      438221 438223 442226 447229 448236 451241 455244 461247
      468248 472249 477252 484261 489270 496281 501285 507286
      510283 513279 516270
 0.25 528002 528991 527978 526955 524944 522934 520925 515918
      513918 512921 510931 508942 507954 506978 503001 503011
      503021 505026 508023 513019 520017 526013 528002
 0.25 482232 482229 481229 481226 480225 479226 478228 479231
      480231 481233 482232
 0.25 487162 486157 485152 483148 480147 477147 474144 467140
      462140 458142 454149 451151 447151 443151 440154 441158
      444162 447165 448168 451178 449187 452190 456188 461183
      463179 464176 462174 457173 455170 455165 457160 460160
      464161 471165 478165 487162
 0.25 451884 452871 450864 448861 442855 434852 425853 419850
      416849 411848 405843 402841 400837 396828 391820 387820
      384821 376823 371825 368823 366815 369806 370803 369796
      365789 358782 352779 345776 341769 338768 333768 329770
      324771 304776 296778 292780 288784 285790 284799 286809
      285818 280834 278843 276853 272869 272880 273890 270897
      269907 269913 269919 269925 268929 259944 257951 255960
      255971 254982 255987 258990 266988 280983 288981 295979
      305979 314980 323979 332977 335974 337970 339961 340958
      342954 344949 346948 348949 356951 361952 364954 372958
      381960 389962 396961 403956 409952 420940 431926 435920
      439913 448896 450890 451884
 0.25 420116 414111 411109 410105 407105 405107 401109 398108
      392112 385115 381118 383121 386123 392119 399119 406122
      413120 418118 420116
 0.25 413075 415072 414068 414064 405059 400059 396062 394064
      389065 385065 382069 377069 376076 377081 382081 385078
      388079 392082 395082 399080 402076 405073 408075 413075
 0.50 514261 514253 511244 509237 505231 497216 493212 486208
      479208 473209 461213 456216 453218 454223 463233 465236
      468239 474244 478245 481243 481238 479234 477231 474230
      470228 471226 475222 481221 487224 490227 492230 495236
      500243 502250 503254 500256 493245 488239 484240 482244
      482249 483252 487259 494273 498279 500281 504282 508280
      510271 514261
 0.50 522973 522962 522955 520949 518947 515948 514955 512965
      512973 512980 514988 515993 516995 518993 519989 521981
      522973
 0.50 475159 475158 475156 474155 473153 472152 471151 470150
      469149 467149 466148 464149 463151 463154 464156 465157
      467158 468159 470159 471160 473159 475159 475159
 0.50 431892 432887 430880 426874 414863 408859 402857 399854
      394854 390855 387858 384859 379859 372859 366859 363856
      359849 356840 355830 361816 362809 362803 360799 358796
      354793 348789 337778 335776 332776 325779 317782 308783
      300786 294792 291799 291808 291813 290819 287827 284843
      279861 277869 277877 279881 278886 277896 275914 276922
      275927 273931 264942 261950 260960 258968 259977 261980
      265979 270972 274967 279964 287964 294969 296971 301972
      308967 310965 315962 321963 326963 330962 332952 335934
      340930 346924 352920 359923 363931 365939 368942 371944
      379945 386945 394946 400942 406935 415924 422909 427899
      431892
 0.50 412071 412069 412068 410066 409066 409065 407065 405064
      403064 402065 401065 400067 401069 403069 405069 406070
      408071 410072 412072 412071
 0.50 398113 398112 396112 394112 392114 390114 392115 394115
      396114 398113 398113
 0.50 399074 401072 401069 399068 399069 398070 396071 396073
      397075 399074 399074
 0.50 392077 393075 393073 392071 391070 390070 389073 389075
      390077 390078 392078 392077
 1.00 502275 502270 500264 498260 496257 494253 491248 488247
      489252 490258 492262 494267 496271 499275 502275
 1.00 485217 486214 484212 481211 477211 474212 470214 466217
      463218 459220 460223 462223 464221 468220 473219 476218
      480218 485218 485217
 1.00 402878 403873 402869 398867 393869 389872 385877 384879
      384884 386890 388897 389900 390898 393892 397888 400883
      402878
 1.00 354821 355814 353811 351810 348809 346808 344801 343794
      340789 337786 333785 328787 325790 321794 316792 311791
      306793 303797 301802 302808 304815 304823 302829 299832
      296834 293836 292840 291845 287855 284868 285876 286881
      286889 284900 283907 284915 286918 285921 283925 276933
      270940 268945 268952 265961 264966 266968 269966 276959
      281958 286958 293959 299959 305958 308955 316947 319944
      322939 322935 323933 327930 329925 327919 320912 321907
      320900 318888 318883 320877 322872 326868 333860 340852
      345843 347837 350831 354821
 1.50 478215 477215 475214 475215 477215 478215
 1.50 349824 348822 345821 341821 339819 333809 329804 324800
      318798 314799 312801 311803 310808 311817 310824 309831
      306837 302842 298845 294849 292856 291863 290872 294878
      296884 297887 295890 289901 291906 296909 302907 306902
      308896 309889 311881 314875 316870 320864 326855 332842
      334837 339832 346829 349824
 1.50 314939 315932 314930 312929 305924 301923 295922 290924
      288927 281933 276939 274943 277947 281947 285946 289945
      293945 294950 297952 306949 310947 312945 314939
 2.00 326816 327814 328811 327809 326807 326806 325805 324804
      323803 322803 320804 319806 319808 320810 321812 322814
      323815 324816 325816 326816 326816
 2.00 322847 321840 320836 315836 312838 305844 300849 296853
      295857 295867 297872 299874 303877 307875 310871 312867
      315860 320852 322847
 3.00 310856 310854 309853 307852 305853 304855 303857 302859
      302861 301863 302864 304864 306863 308861 309858 309857
      310856 

24HR QP VT 25/00Z
 0.01 488340 490336 491334 493332 495328 496325 498321 499319
      500315 502312 504310 505306 507303 508299 510297 511292
      512292 512295 522267 522261 524255 528242 537214 539199
      540190 539184 538178 536174 529166 522159 516157 512158
      509160 505157 502142 499128 494120 489114 483107 471090
      467086 465082 458071 452066 442064 438064 436066 433068
      429073 442080 446084 447088 443089 437088 433088 428087
      426087 426092 427095 427099 423102 418103 416103 413101
      412096 409092 407092 405095 403100 397103 394107 384110
      378114 373122 373129 374135 375141 376139 376135 378133
      380129 388123 398121 402126 407125 411125 416128 423131
      427131 430125 433122 438122 440121 442123 442126 440129
      434139 431145 431149 432151 433157 436161 442167 444173
      443178 442185 440189 442193 445194 448195 452198 456186
      462177 466174 472173 477173 483175 488184 490189 488195
      485198 482200 467207 448215 430221 427222 429224 439228
      447230 444246 445253 447258 447265 445271 443274 445282
      448292 451300 453305 454311 456318 456327
 0.01 543763 541753 540746 539738 533717 527694 519672 515663
      510652 503634 501630 499628 494625 487625 482625 467625
      463625 458627 450630 447632 442634 432638 415647 386660
      376664 371669 366675 359680 354684 347689 341695 336701
      315729 307741 303748 298751 286759 278763 275765 275770
      273774 271775 263780 256783 253791 249800 248804 252805
      266797 269794 274793 281796 283800 285802 290806 293809
      295813 290819 278827 267837 260841 254845 249850 245857
      241868 240872 240878 250887 244899 242907 242913 240916
      240922 239926 239930 242931 248935 254938 266928 270923
      275915 283897 287890 288886 292889 298893 305895 312896
      320896 329889 336885 346884 354888 358894 360899 360903
      358914 356925 353936 347951 345958 344962 344968 344978
      346980 350981 359980 365976 371973 375972 377969 386954
      391947 396940 404935 411931 424924 427922 431923 435927
      447938 452942 460942 463943 464946 464952 464956 463960
      459970 459974 460976 463981 465986 465994 468996 474002
      482007 485010 488010 497011 501011 504009 508009 510005
      517991 520983 523978 531961 536940 536926 536909 536894
      535877 534872 533865 533857 534851 538829 543790 543774
      543763
 0.01 443043 441041 441038 440036 438035 436035 435035 433035
      433037 434040 434042 436043 438043 439045 441045 443043
      443043
 0.01 427061 424057 420054 414053 411051 408047 404046 400050
      397051 389047 381050 369050 361053 357055 359058 366057
      369055 372055 375058 373060 368060 364062 364066 369069
      371073 372080 373084 377088 383093 389093 392089 398084
      403083 406079 410077 415077 417073 417069 419067 426061
      427061
 0.25 538786 538775 537762 536750 534737 532727 529717 522700
      516687 510677 490661 468651 462648 456649 437655 424659
      418662 413666 399670 391673 384677 372684 360693 350703
      340714 309754 305758 300762 295766 291772 288779 287786
      287790 290794 295798 308801 313803 318806 323810 325818
      325820 321823 316825 314826 313824 310818 306818 300822
      293828 289833 281843 273852 269856 267861 268871 269874
      271876 274876 277873 280869 286858 291853 295852 298853
      302854 305852 311848 325841 338837 344839 351838 366816
      376810 384806 389803 392803 394807 391815 387824 385833
      383840 381846 379851 378859 376868 374876 371891 373900
      375907 375911 373914 369919 367925 367931 364938 365941
      369942 373941 375938 379934 384927 384922 381915 386913
      389913 392915 398916 405916 412915 419913 434911 450910
      456913 464917 469921 477922 482926 488928 498933 507938
      511942 514943 517941 519933 521922 523895 524884 525875
      527858 529841 529830 531821 534803 538786
 0.25 519265 521256 520247 514237 502217 499214 493209 488207
      485207 480209 475212 475215 478217 483218 486220 487222
      487229 483230 476229 469235 465237 461243 460250 459257
      461264 463269 470278 473282 478286 488293 492296 497297
      502296 505296 507293 510289 513283 519265
 0.25 486141 485135 483132 475128 471129 469135 469138 466137
      462134 457134 453137 451140 450146 452150 459155 463158
      468159 472157 473151 472145 476144 480144 484143 486141
 0.25 454112 454104 454100 452097 447097 441098 438096 435097
      432104 428107 426113 430111 433112 438112 442111 445112
      452115 454112
 0.25 416116 415113 412111 411108 410105 410101 408098 407098
      406102 405105 403109 401111 400113 401116 404117 406116
      410116 413116 416116
 0.25 415064 411061 407059 403057 398057 391059 384063 376068
      376075 377080 380081 387075 390078 395078 399078 403075
      408070 412068 415064
 0.50 534749 533741 531734 526722 519718 514715 509711 502702
      499699 495698 490698 487697 480693 471691 468692 463695
      459697 455694 450691 445689 441688 439683 437684 437689
      434694 430698 425698 421697 411694 407696 402699 395706
      388709 380711 369715 363716 357717 352718 347720 340725
      334733 328742 322751 319755 315759 306765 300770 296778
      295784 295788 297791 304796 314798 326801 336805 348818
      352821 357820 364812 377798 394782 402776 407774 413774
      420779 421785 419787 415791 412795 408806 404816 397827
      392837 391843 391847 390854 389858 383868 380872 379878
      378880 381884 400894 411897 419900 428901 441900 465900
      474903 479901 485898 492894 500889 509883 511880 514876
      518865 521852 524837 526821 530795 532766 534749
 0.50 515269 518258 517252 516248 509237 502225 500222 497219
      493219 493222 492227 494236 492238 488238 484243 477256
      480264 482269 488275 493278 497284 503288 506287 509284
      512279 515269
 0.50 467152 467151 466149 464148 463146 461146 460146 459147
      459148 460150 462150 463151 464152 465153 467153 467152
 0.50 453673 453669 452666 449665 444665 439666 434668 430670
      427674 427678 429681 432679 436681 440680 445679 450678
      453674 453673
 0.50 457729 457724 455720 453718 452718 448718 445719 443721
      441723 442728 443730 445733 447735 450735 453733 455732
      457729
 0.50 433766 433763 433761 432761 430761 429762 427763 425764
      425765 426767 426769 426770 428771 429771 430772 431773
      432774 432773 431771 431770 432769 433766 433766
 0.50 401072 401071 399070 398071 398074 399075 401074 401072
      401072
 0.50 397064 397062 396062 395062 393063 392064 391064 389066
      389068 390070 390071 392071 394068 396066 397064
 0.50 301834 301832 300830 298830 297832 295834 295836 296836
      297836 299836 301835 301834
 1.00 513266 514261 512258 511253 511248 508240 504234 499227
      497226 497230 501236 504244 506253 506263 508268 511270
      513266
 1.00 504278 506271 505267 503266 501262 499258 497254 494250
      491246 490249 490252 491257 492261 495267 497270 499275
      501278 504278
 1.00 520803 520794 520786 519776 517770 515765 512763 508760
      505756 501756 499760 495772 491781 488790 483800 478811
      474813 470812 468809 466804 461796 458792 453790 449793
      448799 447804 448812 450825 453840 454848 451850 444848
      440845 437841 434837 432831 430827 426829 423834 421838
      418848 417856 417860 430873 436879 439882 445883 452879
      456876 460876 464877 470875 474873 478870 490856 497852
      503850 508847 510844 513840 516830 520803
 1.00 418731 419725 417720 414718 410721 406724 400728 393729
      386726 378726 371727 357727 351729 345733 337745 334751
      329756 318765 314769 310774 306780 305784 306789 310792
      317792 325790 332787 342790 346791 351789 356785 361780
      364774 366771 368768 374765 384756 388754 392754 398757
      406756 412753 417741 418731
 1.00 425827 424822 422820 417825 413830 411835 407840 403843
      400848 403850 406848 409843 412840 417837 422832 425827
 1.50 378741 376739 373738 369736 356735 351739 347743 340752
      334761 331768 331774 340779 343781 347779 352776 356772
      360767 366757 372748 378741
 1.50 320787 321784 320782 318781 317781 316780 314781 312783
      311784 310786 311787 312788 313788 315789 317788 318787
      320787 320787
 2.00 365748 364744 361742 359740 355741 350745 346752 343759
      341766 340770 341775 346773 352769 356763 361758 364751
      365748 

24HR QP VT 26/00Z
 0.01 494611 496614 497621 496625 496628 498630 507647 511655
      515663 518668 520674 521678 528703 534726 536735 538745
      539759 539772 539779 538783 536792 533803 532809 530813
      518845 512863 509871 504878 500886 495891 488895 484902
      473913 467920 460925 454928 447928 441923 438918 436909
      432900 431893 429889 425882 421875 418866 416861 416856
      417850 416847 424834 427824 428819 429817 427815 424814
      424808 421799 423793 425784 425779 430778 432783 431795
      433799 436799 437796 438787 439781 438774 435763 431757
      429745 428741 430739 434737 434734 428735 426734 426730
      426725 428723 433719 445708 443696 441692 438689 431685
      425690 396710 391716 386720 375735 359757 347786 339803
      335812 334819 327834 324837 322841 318849 314855 312861
      305875 296887 288901 267923 264925 261926 255931 250936
      242941 239944 237942 233938 231931 229924 228902 228880
      223863 221855 220849 222845 239819 242814 246808 250802
      253796 256787 259780 268767 276755 286745 295734 304718
      313708 323699 334690 347680 356674 362669 369664 375658
      388647
 0.01 488340 493329 499319 508299 513289 517276 522263 525249
      534225 538213 541201 543183 544178 545169 547149 546142
      544138 541135 536133 533132 533128 533117 534113 535110
      536103 536099 535091 534084 534075 533062 533046 532039
      532029 533023 534015 534995 535963 535948 535939 532936
      530936 528933 525938 520948 509967 504967 501969 496969
      492967 481963 477962 475965 470973 465981 460989 456993
      452998 450024 447028 444031 440033 437036 437044 439051
      438066 432071 434078 432085 423086 421100 419107 416108
      413107 407100 406098 403097 401099 399101 400106 402112
      404116 409119 413123 414127 416130 420133 424131 430126
      434129 436134 434148 435154 435157 437159 439170 444181
      445186 445189 447191 455195 458197 458201 455208 451211
      447213 442215 438214 435225 435230 434237 432244 428250
      427252 430255 435258 438260 444268 447273 448279 449306
      451324
 0.01 429063 427057 421055 420058 421062 418062 417059 417055
      415052 411053 398053 388058 386063 386070 385075 388077
      389079 395087 397085 401079 411077 415077 417074 420071
      426070 429063
 0.25 442630 438638 433648 424662 418668 412674 406677 402679
      396686 391692 386701 378715 373723 368730 356743 351750
      347759 339774 323806 294872 290879 286888 278901 272907
      266913 259918 251921 243925 240925 238923 236918 237910
      239901 242891 242878 241873 239870 235863 232855 233850
      235845 238838 242832 248824 250821 250815 254809 258805
      261803 272790 280777 297747 318720 328708 341695 367671
      380661 388655 398651 408641
 0.25 484338 492321 496312 497307 496304 493303 491300 489291
      488269 490272 490278 492278 495275 501278 507274 513270
      518261 519256 519251 515243 512233 509222 510220 509215
      507212 509210 515209 520218 522220 527221 529217 531213
      535204 536197 536191 533182 530174 526171 522168 517161
      506151 499146 495143 492140 488133 483127 477119 475115
      475108 474098 473093 471089 466088 463091 460092 456089
      451088 445092 436095 434098 432104 432108 435110 442113
      445116 449118 453117 457115 459117 460120 456125 450131
      446139 442151 442157 443162 447168 448174 450179 452182
      455185 460182 464179 465174 465171 469170 474171 476174
      481180 482189 483193 481196 478199 472202 466205 459210
      453216 449223 449226 447228 445232 444237 444241 447246
      451249 456253 464257 466262 468266 468271 467278 464289
      465300 465312 464320 463329
 0.25 533755 531735 528722 520697 517692 512689 508689 505693
      501703 497714 493726 491732 488735 485738 480738 476742
      474746 468756 464766 461777 456788 452800 450804 447807
      445812 444818 445825 444831 441844 437854 436857 434859
      428859 425860 425862 430862 435859 440863 446870 453875
      463879 468880 473877 477873 479868 482858 485851 488847
      495840 501832 507823 513813 522792 527783 531771 532762
      533755
 0.25 485633 483630 479631 474637 471644 468651 464659 462668
      462672 463676 468671 472665 476658 480651 484643 485634
      485633
 0.25 498026 498023 496021 496020 495019 493020 492020 492023
      492025 493026 494027 496027 498027 498026
 0.50 533200 532192 529185 523176 505156 502156 500158 499162
      495163 487164 484163 482160 479154 475149 473146 475141
      483145 485143 486140 484133 481130 476129 474132 472137
      470139 467139 460136 454138 450142 449151 449158 452164
      456172 458169 460166 462165 470166 475166 479165 484169
      489174 492178 494184 495189 493192 490192 487194 480201
      469206 461213 458217 456222 457226 457231 453233 448236
      447239 451241 455245 462248 467250 472255 475256 477255
      481251 484248 488253 492258 497262 500264 506260 511259
      513252 506224 501209 499203 496198 496195 498193 503194
      515195 521199 524203 527205 530205 533200
 0.50 526756 526743 524732 519713 518711 515712 512719 506734
      501748 497766 493773 491775 489775 484777 478782 472786
      468791 465798 461805 459813 458821 458832 459838 458842
      454850 455854 457855 461856 465854 467851 467846 470838
      476835 487826 492823 497818 501812 505805 511792 514785
      518778 524768 526756
 0.50 453105 454103 453100 451098 450098 448099 449102 449103
      450104 451106 452107 453105
 0.50 386675 385670 383668 378669 375671 369675 364680 344699
      324719 307742 303747 299754 297760 295767 293773 290779
      282792 274804 265813 263821 260826 249835 241847 239853
      242859 249870 251878 251884 250887 247894 246904 248911
      251913 255913 262909 268904 272900 276894 283881 288870
      301842 312816 317804 322788 329774 336763 343751 347745
      352740 357736 363730 367724 368718 369710 372703 380689
      384682 386675
 1.00 500232 500230 499229 498229 498230 499232 500233 500232
 1.00 496218 496210 495207 492204 485202 480204 471208 467212
      463217 462223 464229 471241 476244 479244 481242 480234
      476230 472229 471226 473224 477222 483221 493219 496218
 1.00 472158 472154 471152 469150 466147 464146 461146 459146
      457150 460153 462154 465155 467157 470159 472158
 1.00 354728 354722 352717 350713 346712 339714 334720 330727
      325734 315746 312752 312763 308770 305778 303785 306784
      308781 313775 316768 327755 337743 342738 348734 354728
 1.00 303814 302810 299813 290820 280823 273828 264835 257841
      255846 254850 256854 261856 265859 266863 266868 264874
      260884 258893 261894 265892 272884 276875 283867 287858
      291849 295841 298836 299830 301820 303814
 1.50 485215 487212 486209 481207 478208 474209 470211 467214
      465219 466224 469224 472222 476220 479218 483217 485215
 1.50 479238 479237 477236 475236 475237 475238 477240 478240
      479238
 1.50 284837 282834 280834 277833 274834 272837 270839 268840
      266842 265845 267848 270848 273847 276845 277844 279842
      282840 284837
 2.00 480213 479211 477211 476211 474211 473211 472212 470213
      468215 467217 468220 469221 471221 473220 474219 475219
      476218 477217 478216 479215 480213 480213