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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 0932Z Mar 31, 2015)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
532 AM EDT TUE MAR 31 2015


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID MAR 31/1200 UTC THRU APR 03/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN U.S...

A BROAD INSTABILITY AXIS WILL DEVELOP TO EITHER SIDE OF A
QUASI-STATIONARY BOUNDARY FROM OKLAHOMA TO GEORGIA...AND EXTENDING
ALONG A TROUGH INTO THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY AND SOUTHWEST TEXAS.
THIS WILL OCCUR AS A MODIFIED GULF AIRMASS WITH DEWPOINTS UPPER
50S/LOW 60S ADVECTS NORTH AND WESTWARD BENEATH STEEP EARLY SPRING
LAPSE RATES. FORCING FOR ORGANIZED LIFT IS NOT PARTICULARLY
STRONG...BUT CONVECTIVE INITIATION IS EXPECTED IN A FEW AREAS. A
LOW AMPLITUDE SHORTWAVE SHOULD PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LIFT DOWNSTREAM
OF THE MORE STRONGLY CAPPED ENVIRONMENT OVER THE PLAINS...WITH
THUNDERSTORMS BREAKING OUT FROM ARKANSAS ESE-WARD EITHER EARLY
MORNING WITHIN WARM ADVECTION OR MID AFTERNOON AS CONVECTIVE
TEMPERATURES IN THE MID 70S ARE REACHED. A SECOND LOW AMPLITUDE
WAVE WILL APPROACH EASTERN OKLAHOMA IN THE AFTERNOON WHERE SOME
MODEL SOLUTIONS BREAK OUT CONVECTION ALONG THE EDGE OF THE MORE
STRONGLY CAPPED ENVIRONMENT. A FEW OTHER ISOLATED CELLS MAY FORM
AHEAD OF A SHARPENING LOW LEVEL TROUGH FROM WESTERN NORTH TEXAS TO
SOUTHWEST TEXAS...AND POSSIBLY OVER WESTERN OKLAHOMA. THESE
REGIONS LACK MID LEVEL FOCUS FOR ASCENT...HOWEVER...SO WE PLACED
HEAVIER AND MORE ORGANIZED AREAL AVERAGE PRECIPITATION AMOUNTS
FARTHER TO THE EAST WHERE CONVECTION IS MORE LIKELY TO CONGEAL AND
GROW UPSCALE SOMEWHAT. IN ADDITION TO THE SOUTHEAST STATES AND THE
RED RIVER...A THIRD AREA OF INTEREST WILL BE AHEAD OF A RELATIVELY
DEEP MID LEVEL TROUGH APPROACHING SOUTH TEXAS. ALTHOUGH MODELS
DISAGREE AS TO PLACEMENT...SEVERAL DO SIGNAL DEVELOPMENT OF AN MCS
IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW NEAR THE SIERRA MADRES...WITH SUBSEQUENT
MOVEMENT INTO FAR SOUTHWEST AND SOUTH TEXAS. INSTABILITY DROPS OFF
WITH EASTWARD EXTENT TOWARD THE COAST...SO WE TAPERED QPF AMOUNTS
THERE TOWARD WEDNESDAY MORNING.

OVERALL...WPC QPF IN THIS REGION ON DAY 1 RESEMBLES A BLEND OF THE
00Z WRF-ARW WITH THE 12Z ECMWF.


...GREAT LAKES INTO THE NORTHERN MID ATLANTIC STATES...

A SHARPLY DEFINED CLIPPER SYSTEM WILL PRODUCE A PERIOD OF STRONG
LIFT AND ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION TODAY AS IT TRACKS FROM THE LOWER
GREAT LAKES TO THE MID ATLANTIC COAST. THE MODELS HANDLE THIS
SYSTEM SIMILARLY. THE NAM/SREF ARE CHARACTERISTICALLY FARTHER
NORTH WITH THE HEAVIER AMOUNTS...OFF BY ABOUT 70 MILES FROM
CONSENSUS. THE NAM IS ALSO HEAVIER THAN CONSENSUS...AS IS THE GFS
ALTHOUGH THE GFS PLACEMENT MEETS CONSENSUS. WITH THE MODELS
DISPLAYING THEIR TYPICAL BEHAVIOR...THIS IS A GOOD CASE FOR USING
OUR IN-HOUSE PSEUDO BIAS-CORRECTED ENSEMBLE. ITS OUTPUT IS VERY
CONSISTENT WITH THE PREVIOUS WPC FORECAST PACKAGE...AND HELPS TO
CUT DOWN ON THE 0.75 TO 1.00 INCH LIQUID AMOUNTS SEEN IN SOME OF
THE MODEL SOLUTIONS. THOSE AMOUNTS APPEAR UNREALISTIC BASED ON
UPSTREAM REPORTS WHICH STRUGGLED TO REACH 0.25 INCHES ACROSS THE
GREAT LAKES. THIS HAS ALSO BEEN A COMMON THEME IN THE NORTHERN
BRANCH OF THE JET AS OF LATE...WITH THE MODELS PERFORMING WELL AS
TO PLACEMENT BUT ERRING ON THE HIGH SIDE WITH RESPECT TO AMOUNTS.
WPC MADE VERY LITTLE CHANGE TO THE FORECAST HERE...WITH GENEROUS
COVERAGE OF 0.25-0.50 INCH AMOUNTS...AND LIMITING 0.50+ AMOUNTS TO
SOME OF THE FAVORED TERRAIN IN CENTRAL PA.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A STRONG MID/UPPER LEVEL TROF WILL PUSH THROUGH THE PACIFIC
NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN ROCKIES. THE SYSTEM HAS TAPPED INTO ONLY A
MARGINAL PLUME OF SUB-TROPICAL MOISTURE...HOWEVER...WITH
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES LESS THAN 0.75 INCHES AT THE COAST AND
LESS THAN 0.50 INCHES INLAND THROUGH TIME. IMPRESSIVE HEIGHT
FALLS/MID LEVEL DYNAMICS/FORCING ALONG WITH SOME MODEST BUT
PERSISTENT LOW LEVEL ONSHORE FLOW BEHIND THE FRONT...SHOULD
SUPPORT WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION FROM WA AND OR INTO ID AND
WESTERN MT. HEAVIEST TOTALS ARE EXPECTED IN THE FAVORED HIGH
TERRAIN OF THE COASTAL RANGES/CASCADES. IN THOSE HIGHER
ELEVATIONS..SOME 0.25-0.75 INCH WATER EQUIVALENTS ARE LIKELY. WE
TRIMMED BACK AMOUNTS JUST SLIGHTLY TO GET CLOSER TO THE RECENT
MODEL CONSENSUS. ONE SOLUTION WORTH MENTIONING IS THE 00Z
GFS...WHICH WE DID NOT INCORPORATE. THAT MODEL ODDLY PLACES A
FOCUSED STRIPE OF HEAVIER PRECIPITATION JUST OFFSHORE RATHER THAN
IN ALIGNMENT WITH THE COASTAL MOUNTAIN RANGES. WE HAVE SEEN THIS
BEHAVIOR IN A FEW WEST COAST EVENTS EVEN DATING BACK BEFORE THE
RECENT UPGRADE.

DAYS 2/3...

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST TO NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SCATTERED AND OROGRAPHICALLY ENHANCED SHOWER ACTIVITY WILL
CONTINUE FROM THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST TO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES AS ONE
SHORTWAVE CROSSES INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS WEDNESDAY NIGHT AND A
SECOND DIGS DOWN THE WESTERN U.S..  A LACK OF MOISTURE CONNECTION
WILL KEEP TOTALS LIGHT.  MODELS WERE IN REASONABLE AGREEMENT
ACROSS THE REGION AND MINIMAL CHANGES WERE MADE TO CONTINUITY.


...CENTRAL GREAT BASIN TO THE CENTRAL ROCKIES...

SHORTWAVE ENERGY DIGGING DOWN THE WESTERN U.S. WILL BEGIN TO
AMPLIFY WHILE MOVING INLAND ON THURSDAY...TRIGGERING PRECIPITATION
ACROSS THE CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND CENTRAL ROCKIES.  MOISTURE WILL
BE LIMITED...BUT OROGRAPHIC EFFECTS AND UPPER JET DYNAMICS SHOULD
HELP PRODUCE SOME MODERATE AMOUNTS OVER THE COLORADO ROCKIES.  THE
WPC FORECAST WAS BASED OFF THE REASONABLE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE
GFS/ECMWF...WITH AMOUNTS MANUALLY BOOSTED ALONG THE TERRAIN.   


...UPPER MIDWEST AND CENTRAL PLAINS TO THE OHIO VALLEY AND MIDDLE
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY...

CONVECTION SHOULD BREAK OUT ALONG A POTENT COLD FRONT PUSHING OUT
OF THE NORTHERN PLAINS WEDNESDAY NIGHT.  DEVELOPING PRECIPITATION
WILL QUICKLY PROPAGATE SOUTH AND EAST INTO AN INCREASINGLY
MOISTENING AIRMASS OVER THE UPPER MIDWEST AND CENTRAL
PLAINS...WHICH COMBINED WITH RIGHT ENTRANCE JET DYNAMICS...SHOULD
LEAD TO AN ORGANIZED AXIS OF PRECIPITATION CONTAINING HEAVY
RAINFALL RATES.  THE COLD FRONT AND ASSOCIATED PRECIPITATION WILL
PROGRESS FARTHER SOUTHEAST THURSDAY INTO FRIDAY...AND THE THREAT
FOR HEAVY RAINFALL WILL SHIFT INTO THE OHIO VALLEY AND MIDDLE
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.

DEVELOPING PRECIPITATION SHOULD BE QUICK MOVING...BUT A SLIGHT
RISK AREA WAS STILL INTRODUCED FROM SOUTHEAST NEBRASKA INTO IOWA
ON DAY 2 AND FROM SOUTHEAST MISSOURI TO SOUTHERN INDIANA ON DAY 3
WHERE INTENSE RAINFALL RATES COULD EXCEED FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES.           

DETERMINISTIC GUIDANCE WAS IN PRETTY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH
PRECIPITATION BREAKING OUT ALONG THE COLD FRONT DAY 2...AND THE
WPC FORECAST WAS BASED ON A COMPROMISE BETWEEN THE GFS/ECMWF TO
ACCOUNT FOR SLIGHT TIMING DIFFERENCES.  HOWEVER...ON DAY 3...THE
FORECAST GETS COMPLICATED AS THE SHORTWAVE CROSSING THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES EJECTS EASTWARD AND MODELS ARE STILL VARYING ON THE AXIS
AND AMOUNT OF HEAVY PRECIPITATION.  WITH SUCH UNCERTAINTY...THE
WPC DAY 3 FORECAST WAS LARGELY BASED ON ENSEMBLE MEAN GUIDANCE.   
   


...SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE SOUTHEAST...

A WEAK FRONTAL BOUNDARY STRETCHED FROM THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TO THE
SOUTHEAST WILL SERVE AS A FOCUS FOR PRECIPITATION ON THURSDAY. 
THE BEST CHANCE FOR ANY ORGANIZED PRECIPITATION WILL BE WITH A
SHORTWAVE LIFTING OUT OF NORTHERN MEXICO WEDNESDAY NIGHT.  MODELS
ARE SIMILAR WITH THE BIG PICTURE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN TIER...BUT
ARE STILL SHOWING SPREAD WITH PRECIPITATION BREAKING OUT.  THE WPC
FORECAST TOOK A CONSERVATIVE APPROACH AND WENT IN-BETWEEN THE MORE
ROBUST ECMWF AND DRIER GFS.



GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

BURKE/GERHARDT

24HR QP VT 01/12Z
 0.01 534201 535191 534184 531173 528161 526154 524148 522142
      520137 514131 511128 508130 503140 500141 497140 494136
      486129 482127 476125 471123 472115 478107 483099 487089
      490078 493071 495066 500057 510037 514025 514018 513012
      513006 509003 504003 500005 494013 488020 476040 472048
      468058 465062 462067 453071 448070 443071 439072 437078
      438093 436096 434095 431091 427088 426090 426094 429102
      426104 424106 424108 428112 429116 431118 434119 439120
      443124 443128 442130 440138 437142 434148 435153 437163
      435168 429168 430171 433174 436175 436179 435182 432183
      429185 426189 427194 428201 436204 436209 434211 432210
      424205 422207 422213 421219 417222 414224 411228 405236
      403240 403247 405250 411252 415263 421265 426264 432260
      435259 441260 452263 462261 471262 476261 480266 485275
      489278 494281 497285 502286 508283 510277 510270 506260
      505256 507254 510256 512254 514253 515250 515245 515230
      512207 512203 514201 519200 524203 525209 529211 531206
      534201
 0.01 514939 514930 512923 508913 505908 501904 498901 495898
      491896 487892 478889 467870 460861 453857 447857 445858
      444861 446866 449870 453884 455888 460891 467895 473905
      481910 486919 489924 493928 497937 501942 504945 509945
      512942 514939
 0.01 494656 489647 485647 483651 481657 478660 469663 465672
      462681 459692 456700 450708 447711 442713 446730 451728
      455725 460719 465712 469704 472698 475695 479687 485679
      489673 492663 494656
 0.01 494238 494236 493233 492232 490232 490234 491237 492239
      494238
 0.01 489195 486191 483189 479180 479177 476175 473173 470173
      466175 465181 462185 457192 455196 454203 458206 462207
      470204 474202 477202 482201 484198 489195
 0.01 449843 448837 445833 441829 438827 431822 429807 429791
      427783 426778 422769 421756 420741 417727 419718 417702
      415687 413679 412674 410669 406667 401668 397671 386675
      377680 372686 367695 364699 362704 360715 360726 362730
      366730 371733 374737 376752 377765 380775 384780 385787
      380798 375805 373808 371813 372817 378816 387812 389815
      394816 398817 404816 408819 411822 418829 423834 429835
      431838 436842 439844 442844 447846 449843
 0.01 419161 420159 420157 421154 421152 420151 419151 418151
      417153 416153 416156 415158 414160 416161 417161 419161
      419161
 0.01 415116 416111 414111 411108 409105 408110 406114 404116
      408117 411120 413118 415116
 0.01 401081 401074 398071 385070 382065 377064 372062 368063
      367065 371068 374071 376074 374077 372080 375084 384086
      384090 382092 379096 382094 384093 387093 393085 396086
      399083 401081
 0.01 379053 379051 378048 374048 370048 369050 367050 363052
      360051 359054 359056 363056 365054 368054 370053 374053
      377053 379053
 0.01 365843 362828 358828 356830 353830 348827 349820 346815
      342811 339810 334814 331817 328817 327814 329807 329802
      328788 336765 337760 337750 335743 331739 327740 324743
      317750 311758 305766 302772 300776 298788 297795 295800
      291805 289810 288815 287818 285820 282823 286826 290829
      293834 299841 301849 305852 311861 316870 319876 320883
      318895 320907 323918 325930 327937 327945 327952 326958
      315979 306985 301987 297984 289979 279976 268979 265983
      262988 258998 256004 257010 258016 261021 264029 268033
      271036 277044 283068 279072 277074 277078 281081 288082
      293084 297088 300091 303089 305085 310086 314088 315086
      312079 309076 305073 300071 295067 292062 290061 290059
      294055 298048 300046 302045 307044 306033 310022 313016
      316012 320010 324006 329997 330993 332990 335989 338991
      342992 346990 352983 354977 359974 362968 363965 361958
      358952 356947 353943 353925 352908 349895 349884 350875
      351870 353865 354859 356854 361850 364847 365843
 0.01 344098 340091 337084 333079 331072 328070 326066 323065
      322067 324074 327078 327081 331088 336093 340098 341100
      344098
 0.01 332058 332057 331055 330053 329052 327051 327050 326048
      325048 324048 322048 322050 323052 323053 325055 325057
      326059 328058 330058 332058 332058
 0.25 524190 524182 523176 519168 517167 513167 505163 498165
      493164 489166 486169 489173 493181 498183 501186 504189
      508192 516192 521192 524190
 0.25 499229 500221 499213 497209 493207 488206 481207 474209
      463215 460216 456215 449216 442216 439217 436221 436223
      436228 442229 446230 450229 456228 460230 463228 469224
      472223 476224 484226 491225 496231 499229
 0.25 488257 487249 485240 482234 480232 476231 471233 464232
      460230 457231 452233 448232 444233 439235 433237 428240
      426243 428247 433249 444247 457246 464246 467246 470247
      476251 483254 488257
 0.25 490139 489137 487135 486135 484134 482134 481134 480135
      479137 480138 482139 484140 485141 487141 489140 490140
      490139
 0.25 476159 475154 472151 471148 470143 467137 463135 460138
      456142 452149 449157 452160 454161 459160 468161 471163
      473162 476159
 0.25 457182 457181 455180 455181 455182 457182 457182
 0.25 456177 456176 454175 453174 453173 451173 452176 452177
      454178 456178 456177
 0.25 409707 408698 406689 403682 400686 399693 399700 398707
      397714 397719 399722 401724 405722 407717 408709 409707
 0.25 416793 415780 413767 410754 408742 406737 403734 400739
      399747 397751 397763 398774 400786 405794 408797 413798
      416793
 0.25 390697 389693 388689 386689 384690 381693 380695 378698
      377700 376703 377707 378709 380712 384711 385709 387707
      388704 389700 390697
 0.25 350965 349956 348952 346948 344946 343941 344936 346932
      344921 344909 343891 342879 340870 337863 334856 319830
      316823 312816 306814 304815 304821 306830 308838 312845
      316851 319858 323865 327881 329890 329899 328908 328919
      330928 333937 334945 333954 331974 330978 332978 337976
      343975 347972 349968 350965
 0.25 327766 327762 324760 319763 314767 311771 308777 308784
      311790 313791 317790 320785 322780 324774 327768 327766
 0.25 296027 296025 296023 294023 294025 294026 295027 296028
      296027
 0.25 285014 286006 287001 286997 284993 279989 275993 273999
      273005 271011 269017 273021 276023 279024 283020 285014
 0.25 453238 452238 453238 453238
 0.25 457236 456236 456237 457236
 0.50 517188 519184 518180 515177 510176 507174 502171 499170
      499173 502176 505179 507185 510187 515189 517188
 0.50 493220 492217 487213 482211 479210 476210 472213 469215
      468220 473220 477220 481221 486222 490221 493220
 0.50 459225 459220 457219 454218 452218 449219 447219 443219
      441219 441223 444225 446226 448226 451225 453225 456225
      459225
 0.50 468152 467152 466151 464151 464154 465155 466154 467153
      468152
 0.50 464149 464146 464144 463143 462143 461145 460146 461148
      462149 464149
 0.50 345965 346960 345956 343954 341952 340949 339946 337944
      336947 336952 335954 334958 336961 337960 339960 341963
      343965 345965
 0.50 341928 341924 339921 338919 337916 335913 334913 332915
      332919 333924 334927 335930 336934 337935 339934 341930
      341928
 0.50 341906 340899 338893 338889 336880 334874 334871 331872
      331880 333887 334895 335902 338908 341906
 0.50 318843 317841 315839 313837 313839 314841 315843 316844
      318844 318843
 0.50 283005 283003 283001 283999 282998 281997 280997 279997
      277999 277001 275003 275005 275007 276009 276011 278012
      280011 281009 282007 283005
 1.00 478215 477214 475214 475215 477216 478215 

24HR QP VT 02/12Z
 0.01 561991 560926 557898 552871 552862 550856 545846 535830
      524815 519807 515801 504787 491771 475762 472761 469763
      460765 454769 451775 448779 447785 446797 444824 441835
      435847 432856 429864 426878 422889 418896 412905 401918
      394925 388934 377949 376943 376937 376931 377925 378920
      379914 378902 374893 372890 368889 360885 352878 337867
      327855 321845 317836 309816 307812 307810 309808 314807
      315804 314800 310798 303793 297788 293786 290787 291794
      294798 287804 285808 285813 287821 287825 290829 293833
      295838 303855 311869 321886 331904 333915 333919 331921
      328924 319928 309932 301935 295939 288943 286948 284951
      281951 277951 274953 270956 267959 264962 260963 251965
      243968 241971 240977 242982 246984 255988 264991 271997
      277004 286008 295008 301007 306005 311999 313996 315990
      313985 315982 322977 331974 341975 345976 349975 354975
      358973 366968 367975 369981 374988 371992 371997 372002
      374008 382013 388020 390028 393038 394042 392045 388047
      386051 387055 390058 391062 387062 385065 385071 382073
      380071 380069 378071 375075 375078 379083 381081 387089
      389086 390083 394081 399081 402081 402079 406075 416073
      422067 427068 430072 437079 440084 438090 435094 431091
      427088 426089 426093 431101 424105 423110 424113 426115
      432116 441120 445123 445128 443133 439136 437139 436146
      435155 437160 440163 443169 446176 440183 438187 436192
      439202 440206 438208 436210 433210 430207 425205 422205
      423210 424214 422217 415221 412224 410231 406231 405233
      406239 417243 424249 427250 429255
 0.01 429255 440264 447266 453265 455264 460265 467267 480272
      486272 491269 496265 498263 499259 499250 497244 498241
      500243 504249 507254 509263 511267 514268 516265 517260
      516253 517243 515234 514231 512228 506213 503207 502204
      499203 496197 491196 487200 480203 475203 468202 464202
      462200 459193 465179 466169 472167 476168 477170 480173
      484175 485177 489177 492179 494181 500183 504184 507187
      513190 518190 522191 527186 528176 527169 522157 517151
      513147 501139 501130 500124 502121 503118 507118 512121
      516122 518125 524127 530127 536125 540125 542123 545117
      548110 549102 548091 547088 548083 558052 559007 561991
 0.01 507967 507948 504934 503930 502926 499922 490917 483911
      479914 476919 464937 462941 458945 451952 444961 441964
      436966 408997 405000 402002 402006 408014 411017 413023
      415028 414038 415061 419060 422055 427053 434054 444050
      448048 452050 456053 456060 452064 451071 455082 455091
      456096 458099 461100 464100 465097 469085 473072 479064
      483060 485058 485055 486051 487043 494016 495000 500988
      502984 504979 505970 507967
 0.01 430188 431185 430184 429184 427184 425186 424188 424190
      426190 428190 428189 430188 430188
 0.01 401209 401207 402204 401204 400203 398201 396200 395198
      393197 392200 392202 394203 395205 395206 397208 399209
      400209 401209
 0.01 404151 403148 400143 399138 397138 393141 388141 387145
      388150 390153 394154 396152 398155 396159 398158 402156
      404151 404151
 0.01 408112 409110 409108 411105 409103 410101 409100 408098
      407100 406102 407105 407107 407109 405112 405114 404116
      406117 406116 407114 408112 408112
 0.01 389194 388194 387191 385191 383190 383191 382193 383194
      385194 386194 388195 389194
 0.01 379873 378864 375860 371855 369849 364838 361832 357828
      351828 348833 346838 341842 339847 340851 341854 342858
      344860 348862 353866 358868 363870 366876 370880 374882
      377880 379873
 0.25 553047 555034 555018 555003 554993 552971 552959 552944
      553937 552930 551917 550904 547895 543888 539882 532878
      528871 521855 517847 514839 510830 506823 502817 497812
      492807 486801 481795 476792 473790 469790 466792 464795
      463799 463806 463819 462827 457836 454845 453855 454861
      456865 459871 466876 473880 478879 486876 493871 496869
      499868 507870 512873 515877 516882 518892 522915 524926
      524939 523953 522965 521975 519986 514006 513013 514020
      518025 521028 522031 523043 523049 522054 519064 518068
      515072 512074 510077 509082 509088 512095 525107 537110
      541108 543106 542100 539096 530084 529081 532079 539080
      542078 545074 548066 551056 553047
 0.25 537056 537054 537051 537049 536051 535052 535053 534056
      534057 533058 532061 532064 533065 534064 535061 536059
      537056 537056
 0.25 495257 494249 491244 488240 485240 482238 478234 476233
      473234 469237 465237 459235 454236 450237 448239 450241
      455244 459244 464244 469245 476247 481250 486253 490257
      493258 495257
 0.25 488218 487213 486212 483209 479209 477210 474211 472212
      470214 468216 468217 471220 474220 476219 480219 483220
      486220 488218
 0.25 487141 488139 487137 486136 484135 482134 481133 479133
      478132 476132 474133 473136 474138 474139 475139 477140
      479140 480140 482141 483141 485142 487142 487141
 0.25 462223 462221 459219 456218 453218 450219 448219 445220
      443220 441222 443224 446225 449225 453225 455226 458226
      460225 462223
 0.25 456930 456925 454922 451921 448922 442923 438922 442911
      444904 444899 443895 441894 437894 432897 424903 410922
      393938 390943 388950 386957 385963 387970 391974 395978
      400981 405983 410982 416979 420975 426964 431952 435953
      438952 442949 447945 450940 454935 456930
 0.25 365936 365929 364924 359916 355910 349902 346901 344904
      344910 345914 346921 348925 348929 346932 347936 350940
      354943 357943 361942 364938 365936
 0.25 331952 328947 323945 312948 307951 302954 294961 290964
      283965 279970 278972 279976 281981 286984 292983 297979
      302977 306974 316967 323960 328956 331952
 0.25 314852 312845 309839 308833 305827 302821 296821 295824
      296828 299834 302838 305842 308848 311853 314852
 0.50 551017 551006 548997 548990 548982 547968 545960 544957
      543949 544941 544930 543923 542916 540910 537908 534919
      533933 533946 536957 536973 535982 533987 533991 536992
      537998 537005 537010 538014 543017 547028 549029 550024
      551017
 0.50 481241 480240 480239 479237 477236 476235 474236 474237
      474238 474239 475241 476242 478243 480243 481241
 0.50 494833 493828 490825 488823 488821 486819 484816 481815
      480817 480822 480827 481829 482832 485834 487834 491835
      494833
 0.50 484859 483857 482853 480850 478848 476847 473846 470847
      468849 468853 468856 469860 471863 473865 476866 479865
      482865 484862 484859
 0.50 451932 449927 445929 440928 435928 429926 431922 435918
      437914 438907 438904 436903 430904 427907 420914 414923
      407930 400936 396940 393945 390956 400975 405977 409976
      419973 424963 423956 425949 429946 433943 437940 441940
      442942 445940 448938 451932
 1.00 439933 436931 433931 430932 427933 424935 423938 424942
      426942 428942 431940 433939 436938 438935 439933
 1.00 421947 421942 419941 412941 409941 402942 398947 397954
      401959 402966 403970 405972 409972 410970 414964 416959
      419953 421947
 1.50 415956 416954 415952 414951 412951 412952 410953 410954
      409956 408959 407960 407961 406963 405966 406968 407968
      408968 409968 410966 412963 412962 413961 414959 414958
      415956
 2.00 411961 411959 410958 410959 409960 408961 408963 409965
      409963 410962 411961 

24HR QP VT 03/12Z
 0.01 528188 530182 529176 528165 527159 527153 524147 521146
      518147 516152 518161 518165 514165 506163 504160 501161
      499165 495164 492160 493156 495154 501151 505151 506148
      506144 504141 502139 498137 493130 483123 474110 476106
      475106 471099 468092 462089 457082 453075 446068 442066
      439068 439073 441076 446081 450087 448090 443090 439090
      436091 433092 431090 428088 425086 425090 429098 431101
      429103 425103 421104 417109 414108 412106 409098 406100
      406102 405107 403109 400106 394109 388112 381113 378116
      377119 373127 375132 381129 388123 395120 401116 407119
      411120 415118 418116 422119 429120 435118 441120 443124
      438131 435139 434142 434145 434150 435155 437158 440160
      444161 448164 450167 450170 455186 461181 463178 463174
      461166 464163 466162 467165 473169 482171 486174 491176
      495177 499176 510186 514188 515191 519197 522197 525193
      528188
 0.01 516264 515258 513251 508243 503231 498223 499218 500213
      498210 489210 486206 483205 480206 472210 468211 463214
      454213 450215 444215 441219 444223 464224 467221 472219
      476219 481220 487221 493224 493231 494236 502246 505255
      510266 512267 514266 516264
 0.01 537907 537891 533878 530870 523865 505867 502870 500874
      496881 492890 485899 481906 477914 472922 472932 472940
      474942 479947 484949 486954 482967 482974 481979 480989
      482993 482997 482004 485017 484022 486027 489038 493046
      500054 503055 504057 508056 511053 515046 517041 515037
      515033 513009 513001 512996 512986 513980 517957 521947
      526936 531929 533920 536912 537907
 0.01 510281 507272 504265 498255 496249 494244 490240 489239
      485239 482237 478233 475231 473233 464233 458234 456236
      459241 468244 472245 477248 482253 488259 487265 484268
      480277 480283 481286 485287 489286 494282 497281 500284
      503286 505285 510281
 0.01 523739 522726 520721 519716 516706 514703 512697 512688
      512683 510677 507675 495665 490661 486655 478644 474638
      471637 467638 460639 453641 441653 436659 434667 433678
      435689 437697 438701 435710 430716 425719 419723 416724
      414728 408734 403739 397743 393748 389753 386758 385762
      381777 378788 375794 371797 365802 363798 359796 355793
      352793 349795 337803 323810 321812 316812 308813 292811
      284810 275811 268815 266820 267825 273830 281832 289832
      294835 306842 313843 320843 328846 334850 333855 331858
      330867 328875 325884 311894 307897 304900 299906 290917
      284920 279925 279932 278937 277940 278948 285950 292952
      296954 300954 315950 326948 328950 328954 329959 332962
      335963 340963 344962 350959 355962 360967 366970 371976
      373979 374984 376992 377996 377001 373020 373027 371030
      371035 369039 367043 368049 370054 374055 382059 385062
      382066 380071 379076 380078 387081 391084 404079 406076
      409077 412085 416085 419083 425079 427077 428072 426067
      428063 428057 427053 421044 420040 419033 419027 418022
      405015 401009 399002 396994 395985 395963 395952 403949
      411947 416942 423935 430929 441917 451907 459895 464889
      470888 475882 478877 482870 486862 487858 487851 486846
      485844 479844 478841 478836 481826 485817 489808 504785
      508776 513770 520758 522747 523739
 0.01 488096 488086 485080 482075 479069 476066 471066 470071
      471073 473081 476086 479092 480098 486098 488096
 0.01 445038 443036 441036 440036 441038 443041 445039 445038
 0.01 431185 430185 429184 427184 425186 424189 425189 427187
      428187 429187 430186 431185
 0.01 419175 420173 418172 416172 415175 415177 417178 417177
      419176 419175
 0.01 420159 420157 421154 421152 421150 421149 419149 417150
      416151 416153 415155 414158 413160 414162 415163 417163
      418161 419160 420159
 0.01 397145 397143 396142 395142 393141 391141 389141 387143
      388146 388148 388150 388151 390151 392149 394147 395147
      396145 397145
 0.25 505276 504270 502267 499262 497257 495253 492250 490250
      489252 491257 493261 495266 496270 499275 502278 505276
 0.25 500706 499699 498693 494684 491680 487675 481669 475663
      469659 463657 458657 454659 451662 450667 451674 453678
      456682 456688 456701 453721 454734 454739 451743 448744
      444743 439743 435746 424763 419770 414775 408780 401786
      395790 388795 383806 381817 379825 376832 372840 366845
      363848 361852 358861 355872 353878 351882 346888 343896
      341905 342911 342917 341923 343928 344933 348936 358940
      363946 371949 378949 391941 406933 412928 418918 423912
      429906 433900 435896 436892 434889 431891 424895 420896
      421889 423884 427881 433876 439873 449870 454867 459859
      463851 465845 466838 466830 465823 465814 459810 460803
      462798 465796 473793 480792 486782 490773 493764 495756
      498746 499734 499727 500718 500706
 0.25 493143 492140 490138 489136 486134 484132 481130 479129
      478131 476132 476135 477137 480139 484140 486141 488142
      492144 493143
 0.25 449780 449777 448777 447778 446779 444780 444781 444783
      445785 447784 448782 449780
 0.25 412064 413058 413054 410047 402037 396025 392010 388006
      385008 384011 381019 383026 383037 381044 379047 380051
      384054 388055 391058 393062 392066 392070 396071 400069
      412064 412064
 0.50 489729 489715 487704 485691 483689 481691 475688 471690
      469692 465699 463703 464708 468715 470723 471729 469734
      468744 466752 466762 473778 476780 478775 480766 487752
      488742 489737 489732 489729
 0.50 440752 439750 438750 437751 436751 435753 434754 433756
      433759 433761 434763 436762 437761 438760 439758 440755
      440754 440752
 0.50 434845 428824 431805 430796 428791 423789 415789 407792
      401796 395803 391810 389817 386826 381834 374848 370854
      365862 359878 356885 352894 352906 353914 355919 358922
      364929 368936 373940 383939 389933 394927 400922 408889
      411879 416872 426861 432853 434845
 0.50 407056 405051 401046 398041 396034 394029 393027 390027
      389036 388043 389050 393054 398057 404058 407056
 0.50 390022 390020 390018 389018 388015 388014 386015 386018
      386020 388022 390023 390022
 1.00 416807 416802 413802 406806 403810 401816 399823 398826
      395828 390832 387836 383841 381848 378855 375860 369872
      364883 361888 359897 360905 363909 368913 375914 379916
      383911 389897 392885 405862 405854 404849 403845 398843
      393842 399830 405827 408824 416807
 1.50 397862 396859 394858 392856 389854 387855 383858 381861
      380866 379873 379877 381881 385879 388876 391872 393869
      396865 397862
 1.50 388842 388840 386843 386845 388843 388842
 1.50 371898 372896 372893 372891 371889 370888 369889 368889
      367890 366892 365892 365894 364896 364898 365900 365901
      367902 369901 370900 371898 371898