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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 2056Z Jul 24, 2014)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
456 PM EDT THU JUL 24 2014


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 25/0000 UTC THRU JUL 28/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...

...THE DAKOTAS AND UPPER MIDWEST...

ANOTHER FAST MOVING MCS IS LIKELY TO EMANATE FROM CENTRAL/EASTERN
MT THIS AFTERNOON IN THE DIFLUENT REGION AHEAD OF THE VIGOROUS
SYSTEM IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THE MODELS GENERALLY AGREE...WITH
SLIGHT VARIATION AS TO THE SOUTHWARD EXTENT OF THE CONVECTION INTO
THE WARM SECTOR OVER SOUTHERN MT. WPC FOLLOWED CONTINUITY FROM THE
PREVIOUS FORECAST ALONG WITH THE 12Z NSSL WRF...WHICH WAS AVERAGE
OR SLIGHTLY AGGRESSIVE IN SOUTHWARD EXTENT.

OF PERHAPS GREATER CONCERN FROM A PRECIPITATION STANDPOINT IS THE
ACTIVITY UNDER THE DOWNSTREAM SHORTWAVE RIDGE AXIS...WITH WARM
ADVECTION AT THE NOSE OF A 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET BEING THE PRIMARY
DRIVER. GIVEN STRONG CAPPING OVER MUCH OF SD/NE...AND ONLY HIGH
BASED THUNDER WITH LITTLE RAINFALL ROLLING OFF THE FRONT RANGE OF
THE ROCKIES...A BROAD REGION OF STRONG INSTABILITY WILL BUILD
WITHIN THE LOW LEVEL JET AXIS...EVENTUALLY BEING RELEASED ALONG
THE BAROCLINIC ZONE FROM EASTERN SD INTO MN/IA. SOUTHWARD EXTENT
MAY BE LIMITED BY DRIER AIR AND LESSER INSTABILITY OVER
MISSOURI...WHILE EASTWARD EXTENT WILL BE LIMITED BY CONTINUAL
REINFORCEMENT OF OUTFLOW FROM ONGOING CONVECTION NEAR THE SD/MN
BORDER. THIS MAY RESULT IN A HEAVY RAIN SCENARIO DISCUSSED IN THE
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL OUTLOOK. WITH TIME...THE VEERING LOW LEVEL JET
SHOULD LEAD TO EASTWARD TRANSLATION OF THE RAINFALL AXIS DEEPER
INTO MN/IA. FOR OUR QPF WE BASED THE FIRST SIX HOUR LARGELY ON
OBSERVATIONS...THEN BLENDED INTO THE 12Z NSSL WRF FORECAST...AND
THEN BACK TO WPC CONTINUITY.


...WESTERN U.S...

A SWATH OF MOISTURE WITHIN THE UPPER RIDGE AND WEST OF THE RIDGE
CENTER WILL BE SWEPT UP INTO EASTERN UT/WESTERN CO THIS AFTERNOON.
SOME ENHANCEMENT OF MID LEVEL ASCENT WILL BE PROVIDED BY THE UPPER
LOW BRUSHING THIS AREA TO THE NORTHWEST...YIELDING A FAIRLY
CONSISTENT OUTPUT FROM THE HIGH RESOLUTION MODELS. THE TERRAIN IN
NORTHERN AZ SHOULD ALSO BE ACTIVE GIVEN SUFFICIENT MOISTURE...AS
EVIDENCED IN THE 12Z FLAGSTAFF RAOB. THE PW PLUME CHANGES VERY
LITTLE THROUGH FRIDAY TO THE NORTH OF THE MOGOLLON RIM...ALTHOUGH
NAM/SREF CAPE VALUES DIPS SLIGHTLY...AND MID LEVEL ASCENT IS LESS
FOCUSED FRIDAY AFTERNOON. THE FOCUS WILL LIKELY SHIFT TOWARD
AZ/NV/CA WITH TIME...AS DISCUSSED IN THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
OUTLOOK.


...LOWER MS VALLEY/CENTRAL GULF COAST REGION...

THE CLOSED MID/UPPER LEVEL LOW OVER THE LOWER MS VALLEY AT THIS
TIME REMAINS STUCK IN PLACE BETWEEN TWO LARGE RIDGE AXES CENTERED
OVER THE SRN HIGH PLAINS AND NEAR THE BAHAMAS. THIS FEATURE SHOULD
SLOWLY SHEAR OVER TIME WITH RELATIVELY WEAK 850 MB FLOW TODAY. 
CELLS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING LOCALIZED HEAVIER RAINFALL CAN BE
EXPECTED NEAR THE CNTRL GULF COAST BUT THE CONTINUED
DISORGANIZATION OF THE UPPER FEATURE SHOULD KEEP OVERALL RAINFALL
SCATTERED IN NATURE.


DAYS 2/3

...NORTHERN PLAINS/UPPER MIDWEST TO OH VALLEY/NORTHEAST...

AT THE START OF DAY 2 /00Z SATURDAY...A SURFACE LOW PRESSURE
SYSTEM WILL BE CROSSING THE CENTRAL U.S. AS A RATHER VIGOROUS BUT
COMPACT UPPER-LEVEL LOW CROSSES SOUTHERN SASKATCHEWAN AND MOVES
INTO THE NORTHERN PLAINS BY SATURDAY AFTERNOON. THE SURFACE WARM
FRONT WILL SERVE AS THE FOCUS FOR A COUPLE POTENTIAL AREAS OF
CONVECTION...ALTHOUGH THERE STILL EXISTS A RELATIVELY LARGE AMOUNT
OF DISAGREEMENT AMONG THE VARIOUS PIECES OF GUIDANCE AS TO THE
SPECIFIC TIMING/PLACEMENT OF CONVECTION. GENERALLY FOLLOWED THE
ECMWF HEAVILY...WHICH DEPICTS ONE AREA OF CONVECTION DEVELOPING
EARLY SATURDAY MORNING OVER SOUTH DAKOTA IN THE VICINITY OF THE
TRIPLE-POINT LOW. THE ECMWF SHOWS THIS CONVECTION MOVES
SOUTHEASTWARD INTO NORTHEASTERN NEBRASKA BEFORE DIMINISHING IN THE
LATE MORNING. BASED ON A BLEND OF ECMWF WITH IN-HOUSE BIAS
CORRECTED GUIDANCE...QPF AMOUNTS OF 1 TO 1.25 INCH ARE FORECAST
FROM PORTIONS OF SOUTH DAKOTA INTO NORTHERN NEBRASKA. THESE
AMOUNTS...AND THE MOVEMENT OF THE COMPLEX SHOULD PRECLUDE AN
ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING THREAT.

A SECOND AREA OF CONVECTION MAY DEVELOP ALONG THE WARM FRONT
ACROSS NORTHERN IL/SOUTHERN WI EARLY SATURDAY MORNING...AND MOVE
SOUTHEASTWARD INTO ILLINOIS/INDIANA BEFORE DIMINISHING DURING THE
LATE MORNING HOURS. QPF AMOUNTS OF UP TO 1 INCH ARE FORECAST IN
ASSOCIATION WITH THIS AREA OF CONVECTION FROM PORTIONS OF NORTHERN
IL INTO CENTRAL IN. INDICATED A SLIGHT RISK OF EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
ON DAY 2 IN THIS AREA. THE FLASH FLOODING THREAT APPEARS TO BE
SOMEWHAT MARGINAL...BUT GIVEN DECENT MOISTURE FLUX CONVERGENCE
INTO THIS AREA AND THE PRESENCE OF A FRONTAL BOUNDARY...CONTINUED
SLIGHT RISK AS ADDED BY THE PREVIOUS SHIFT. LIMITING FACTORS FOR
WIDESPREAD FLASH FLOODING ARE UNFAVORABLE UPPER-LEVEL JET DYNAMICS
(REGION IS SITUATED IN CONFLUENT REGION OF UPPER-LEVEL JET)...AS
WELL AS PWAT VALUES WHICH ARE NOT PARTICULARLY ANOMALOUS (+1 TO +2
STANDARD DEVIATIONS).

A MORE ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING THREAT IS POSSIBLE SATURDAY
NIGHT/SUNDAY AS GUIDANCE INDICATES THAT EAST-WEST ORIENTED FRONTAL
BOUNDARY WILL BECOME QUASI-STATIONARY FOR A TIME OVER THE OHIO
VALLEY. IMPRESSIVE MOISTURE FLUX INTO THE OHIO VALLEY WILL
CONTINUE SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY AS LOW-LEVEL THETA-E VALUES
(AND INSTABILITY) INCREASE RELATIVELY QUICKLY. THE INTERACTION OF
THIS MOIST/UNSTABLE AIR WITH THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY (ALIGNED WITH
UPPER-LEVEL WINDS) COULD RESULT IN A PERIOD OF TRAINING CONVECTION
SATURDAY NIGHT INTO SUNDAY WHICH WOULD AFFECT AREAS FROM CENTRAL
ILLINOIS EASTWARD INTO THE OHIO VALLEY AND POTENTIALLY EVEN THE
CENTRAL APPALACHIANS. AGAIN...UNCERTAINTY/SPREAD AMONG THE
GUIDANCE REMAINS HIGH...WHICH KEPT QPF AMOUNTS SOMEWHAT
RESTRAINED. WPC QPF GENERALLY FOLLOWED THE ECMWF CLOSELY...WITH
IN-HOUSE BIAS CORRECTED ENSEMBLE GUIDANCE ALSO TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT.

FINALLY...ACROSS THE UPPER MIDWEST AND GREAT LAKES...QPF AMOUNTS
OF A HALF INCH TO 1 INCH ARE POSSIBLE ON SUNDAY...ALONG AND NORTH
OF THE SURFACE LOW TRACK AND IN THE VICINITY OF THE BEST
UPPER-LEVEL FORCING.

...SOUTHEAST...

MOIST LOW-LEVEL SOUTHWESTERLY FLOW WILL BE IN PLACE ACROSS THE
SERN STATES ON SAT/SUN. WHILE MOISTURE TO SUPPORT CONVECTION WILL
BE ABUNDANT...THE FORCING WILL GRADUALLY WEAKEN THROUGH SATURDAY
AS A LINGERING SURFACE FRONTAL BOUNDARY WASHES OUT AND THE
ELONGATED AXIS OF UPPER-LEVEL VORTICITY THAT HAS BEEN SITTING OVER
THE GULF COAST FOR SEVERAL DAYS DRIFTS SOUTHWARD INTO THE GULF OF
MEXICO. THEREFORE...THE SEA BREEZE (AND ANY LOCALIZED DIFFERENTIAL
HEATING OR OUTFLOW BOUNDARIES) WILL SERVE AS THE PRIMARY FOCUS FOR
ANY CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT... ESPECIALLY ON SUNDAY. COVERAGE OF
CONVECTION MAY BE SOMEWHAT HIGHER ON SATURDAY ACROSS
CENTRAL/SOUTHERN AL/GA/SC AS THE REMAINS OF THE SURFACE FRONT WASH
OUT OVER THE REGION. ANOTHER AREA OF MORE ENHANCED COVERAGE SHOULD
BE OVER THE CENTRAL FLORIDA PENINSULA...WHERE LOW-LEVEL
CONVERGENCE WILL SERVE AS A FOCUS. ON SUNDAY...COVERAGE OF SHOWERS
AND THUNDERSTORMS SHOULD BE REDUCED AS UPPER-LEVEL HEIGHTS RISE
AND THE ATMOSPHERE LARGE SCALE SUBSIDENCE BECOMES MORE DOMINANT.
AREAL AVERAGED QPF AMOUNTS SHOULD BE GENERALLY LESS THAN A HALF
INCH ON SATURDAY AND A QUARTER INCH OR LESS ON SUNDAY. DUE TO THE
ISOLATED NATURE OF CONVECTION...LOCALIZED HEAVIER RAINFALL AMOUNTS
ARE TO BE EXPECTED.

...SOUTHWEST INTO CENTRAL ROCKIES...

A LARGE UPPER-LEVEL RIDGE WILL REMAIN THE DOMINANT SYNOPTIC SCALE
FEATURE ACROSS THE SOUTH CENTRAL/SOUTHWESTERN U.S. THROUGH DAYS 2
AND 3. MONSOONAL MOISTURE WILL BE FOCUSED LARGELY BY TERRAIN AS
WELL AS SMALL-SCALE AREAS OF VORTICITY TRAVELING AROUND THE
WESTERN PERIPHERY OF THE UPPER-LEVEL RIDGE (ACROSS AZ/NM/UT).
AREAL AVERAGED QPF AMOUNTS SHOULD GENERALLY REMAIN UNDER A HALF
INCH ON DAY 2. ON DAY 3...AS A COLD FRONT MOVES SOUTHWARD IN THE
CENTRAL U.S. AND ENCOUNTERS THE EASTERN SLOPES OF THE COLORADO
ROCKIES...AN ENHANCED AREA OF PRECIPITATION MAY DEVELOP DUE TO THE
COMBINED FRONTAL AND UPSLOPE LIFTING. QPF AMOUNTS MAY APPROACH 1
INCHES IN SOME AREAS OF SE COLORADO/NE NEW MEXICO ON DAY 2.

BURKE/RYAN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 26/00Z
 0.01 561054 561046 561036 558023 553011 547997 537974 528955
      527951 525944 522929 518915 512901 510897 505893 496890
      489886 483879 481874 478869 474866 469865 462863 457860
      453859 448862 440868 436870 432869 428865 424862 415858
      412861 410865 408872 402873 395871 391867 387864 384865
      393881 395887 393894 392899 393902 392906 391911 391915
      393921 394924 393928 394933 398936 400934 402937 406942
      407947 409952 416959 424965 433970 441975 445976 448978
      448981 451000 453014 456017 457024 458031 458037 463065
      466076 469090 469098 470100 472098 474093 476084 479072
      483062 486058 491054 498054 501057 503059 503062 500067
      499072 498082 497102 497110 499118 498125 495127 489134
      487138 485141 486144 489147 491151 490155 492167 493174
      496179 501189 507195 510200 511205 516206 520206 523209
      530218 534213 536205 542198 544190 544185 544175 544167
      544161 546158 549149 550139 549133 549126 550118 553105
      555097 556086 557065 561054
 0.01 519276 521265 521258 520255 516248 513242 513237 510235
      508232 506226 503220 500214 499211 496208 493206 488205
      483204 476206 455219 475219 478219 482220 487221 489224
      492227 493230 496237 499244 499249 501254 498253 496251
      493248 492245 489239 481236 477234 475235 473238 474242
      475245 478247 483249 485252 487259 491266 499279 505282
      508283 511282 516279 519276
 0.01 502752 501746 499741 495735 492727 488722 484712 481705
      476698 474696 470698 457706 455708 453713 451716 451721
      451723 453728 455730 458730 462729 466730 472733 477738
      480744 484753 488758 496759 499758 501754 502752
 0.01 411103 412097 411091 410088 408088 404087 403085 408079
      412069 413057 413050 411044 408041 407035 403032 400032
      396039 392042 386043 383046 379047 371045 357056 357062
      358066 358069 356073 352075 354082 355086 354089 349092
      345093 343091 337084 334080 330079 328081 330086 335088
      336092 339102 344109 345114 346117 346121 337137 335142
      333146 332151 337154 344158 355160 364160 371153 375146
      379142 382140 387134 391130 393125 397116 399112 403110
      409107 411103
 0.01 390691 387683 384679 381678 376679 370681 363688 353698
      343711 332722 321737 313749 308756 303761 298766 293773
      287779 285789 287793 289795 291797 287799 278801 266800
      261802 258799 259795 261791 262787 260782 257778 255777
      251777 245781 240787 238791 238796 240817 242821 245823
      248825 252824 255825 265834 272845 279860 280871 279884
      280898 286917 293929 296937 303933 307931 310933 319918
      326905 331889 333879 334866 338830 339821 341818 344819
      349818 352815 355811 357806 362792 367785 372779 375771
      378762 384741 388725 390716 389705 390691
 0.01 374109 371107 368107 364108 362108 359107 355109 355113
      358115 362115 364114 367114 369113 372111 374109
 0.01 332162 329158 326155 321153 315153 311154 308157 309160
      312162 316164 321165 327166 330164 332162
 0.01 327124 326119 327114 326106 322104 317102 309099 305097
      302097 299101 298107 298112 300116 304123 310130 315132
      320133 325126 327124
 0.01 334057 331055 330055 327055 325056 327057 328057 330058
      332058 334057
 0.01 301844 301842 301840 301838 301836 300838 300840 300842
      300844 301846 301844
 0.01 293109 294103 294098 291091 289088 289081 285076 278071
      273065 268060 261055 252054 243053 235056 231061 230066
      230071 237075 243080 249085 254090 261094 268098 276100
      280101 284105 289110 293109
 0.01 300017 300010 298004 295999 291995 279991 277986 273989
      273997 275001 277003 277008 278014 274026 276032 280036
      282037 285036 286034 290033 292028 292023 294016 298017
      300017
 0.01 299949 297948 296949 295949 294950 293952 292953 291954
      291956 292958 294958 296956 297954 298954 299952 299950
      299949
 0.01 259006 258004 256002 254000 251998 249997 247998 245000
      245004 245006 247010 249011 251013 254012 256011 258008
      259006
 0.25 553056 553044 552034 549025 546017 540005 536998 531994
      522986 510978 504976 501977 499980 498984 499988 500992
      497994 490994 485997 481999 478999 476997 475993 471978
      469972 471962 470956 467948 465946 462947 457954 450943
      448938 446930 440916 442912 441907 436901 426896 420891
      414893 409897 406903 403913 404919 405923 411938 414942
      417949 420954 425959 432963 439966 445967 450966 455964
      457971 459979 459991 459004 460008 464010 467016 469024
      474028 477034 481039 483041 486040 491035 498036 508047
      513048 516054 524065 534078 537084 542088 546084 548074
      551063 553056
 0.25 544138 543128 539120 532115 527110 520104 518102 513101
      510104 508108 507113 506120 506126 507132 510141 510165
      510172 510178 514186 519193 523193 526190 530183 536179
      538175 539167 539156 542147 544138
 0.25 503273 503270 503268 503267 503265 502263 501262 499262
      497262 497263 497264 497265 498268 499270 501272 502273
      503273
 0.25 522957 520955 520954 519952 518950 518949 517947 516947
      515945 514944 513947 514948 514949 515952 515953 516955
      517957 518959 520959 522957
 0.25 486949 482941 477934 475929 474922 470912 466905 463907
      463913 462918 462923 463930 467940 472940 475942 477948
      480952 484953 486949
 0.25 401069 400068 399069 398071 399072 401072 401071 401069
 0.25 384699 384694 383689 380687 376688 371692 366696 350717
      342728 336739 329751 323761 322765 322770 323776 327781
      328790 328794 327797 327804 332808 335813 337811 337807
      339798 342794 348791 356780 359774 361767 371741 376727
      380714 384699
 0.25 389079 388076 385074 383073 382069 380068 377069 376071
      376073 376075 376079 377082 379084 382084 384083 387081
      389079
 0.25 360136 360135 358134 356135 356136 355137 355140 357141
      358140 359138 359137 360136
 0.25 313111 311109 310108 308107 307108 307110 307111 309113
      310113 311114 312113 313113 313111
 0.25 318873 318868 317866 314864 313864 311867 310869 309873
      309877 309880 308884 311884 312882 312881 312877 313875
      316874 318873
 0.25 314849 313847 312847 310847 310848 311850 313852 314849
 0.25 304903 304901 304899 304898 302897 300897 299899 298900
      298901 298903 299904 300905 300906 302907 303905 304904
      304903
 0.25 291814 290812 289812 288812 286812 284813 282813 281814
      280815 279815 277817 277819 279821 279822 281823 283822
      285821 285820 286818 288817 289816 290816 291814
 0.25 285028 285026 285025 285024 283022 281023 281024 280026
      281028 283030 285028 285028
 0.25 274087 275084 274082 271079 269075 266072 264069 260066
      257063 255065 255071 255077 257081 259084 263086 267088
      273088 274087
 0.25 262811 262809 261809 260808 258808 256809 258811 260812
      262811 262811
 0.50 541140 541134 539126 531120 524114 520112 518110 515111
      512114 511123 514137 517148 520159 523164 526165 529164
      532162 534155 539145 541140
 0.50 543060 543050 543043 542037 541027 537018 531010 524010
      521017 513017 504023 503027 504031 509039 513043 518049
      529059 534064 536066 540065 543060
 0.50 493023 494018 493015 491013 488011 486012 484015 483017
      481022 483026 484029 485032 487033 489031 491030 493025
      493023
 0.50 467996 468994 468991 468989 467986 466984 465982 464982
      463984 463986 463989 463991 463993 463994 465996 465997
      467997 467996
 0.50 446959 446954 445950 442942 442933 438926 433916 433911
      431909 426905 423899 418895 416896 414899 415905 412911
      410914 409919 413935 421947 424952 428957 433960 440963
      444962 446959
 0.50 377703 376697 373697 370699 367703 357718 347732 343738
      338747 335754 334759 336765 338770 341771 343779 346781
      349779 354771 356762 360753 364745 367737 369727 374718
      377703
 0.50 335804 335802 336800 335798 334795 332794 330795 330796
      329798 329800 330802 331803 332804 333805 334804 335804
 1.00 536137 535131 532129 529127 525124 521122 519125 521128
      524133 525137 528142 531143 534142 536137 536137
 1.00 434940 433933 429928 425923 423921 424916 422914 419913
      415918 417924 419931 421937 424940 430942 432942 434940
 1.00 358747 358743 357739 356739 353740 351742 350745 349749
      347752 348756 349760 351760 353758 355755 356753 357750
      358747 

24HR QP VT 27/00Z
 0.01 562051 563036 563029 562023 560017 560013 558008 557004
      553990 550982 542961 537946 531932 517895 514885 511874
      507865 504857 501844 498832 505823 507820 508813 509803
      509782 510771 510765 512762 520746 523737 524732 524724
      524719 523712 521702 518692 515686 513678 511667 507654
      499638 487640 480657 477663 476674 476679 475685 474695
      469704 464709 461713 456714 453717 450716 439718 435717
      431720 426724 423727 419728 416729 413732 408737 405745
      403755 403760 402764 400772 397781 395792 393800 394807
      396810 392853 384869 380875 381886 392917 395926 398936
      401945 403954 419990 421993 419996 415000 413003 413008
      413012 414017 418024 422031 423034 426037 431040 433038
      434027 434020 437020 438021 445025 448024 451020 453015
      454008 453002 451997 447988 445984 444979 444974 442970
      438965 437953 437947 435943 434939 432937 430935 426935
      422940 422934 423927 426928 431929 440929 444926 446923
      446911 447905 450901 451899 454899 458901 462903 464909
      468917 471923 475930 478932 479936 478940 476944 465950
      464954 466959 471967 475972 479980 485000 488012 489017
      489023 490030 491036 492043 493048 495054 497064 499071
      501081 502092 502104 502112 504117 506125 513144 517153
      522159 535172 541167 547164 550140 549129 548125 549121
      552119 552116 552111 553108 555104 556096 556081 557070
      557062 562051
 0.01 536212 536206 535201 532196 529194 526193 522195 522202
      523206 524211 527216 532217 534214 536212
 0.01 521263 522256 522250 520244 517241 509235 503235 500238
      498242 502245 501251 500254 498254 495254 495260 497264
      500269 503271 506270 511271 515271 518269 521263
 0.01 409108 410105 411103 411101 410098 410097 409096 408095
      407096 406097 405098 405100 405102 406104 406105 406107
      407109 409108 409108
 0.01 409063 409058 406052 399048 398041 397039 398035 395029
      387033 382042 365047 361051 357053 356056 359058 368055
      374055 377058 377061 375061 368061 367066 369069 371073
      373079 375084 378087 380091 382093 385093 389091 390086
      391084 393084 396088 399085 400080 407072 408065 409063
 0.01 384143 383139 381137 379133 381131 383127 384122 386119
      387116 382112 377116 369117 363121 366125 370126 372129
      374137 376141 379142 381144 384143 384143
 0.01 369151 369149 367148 365148 364147 362147 360147 358149
      359152 361152 363151 365151 367151 369151 369151
 0.01 356699 356692 355687 351686 346687 336691 328696 318708
      310721 307729 307738 307745 304748 299756 295762 289767
      280769 273774 269781 263786 251799 245805 242811 240819
      239822 239827 242835 242844 244854 247857 252859 257855
      260848 264841 268834 273833 277834 278833 282834 282837
      284839 286842 288848 289854 288860 287864 286869 283885
      280889 277892 273897 268906 266911 266916 270933 274939
      279945 284951 289956 305947 308939 312933 314925 315921
      316915 316903 318898 317893 320881 322872 328857 336841
      339834 341824 343820 345816 350808 342790 347783 350778
      350774 351769 350761 353752 354748 353741 351732 352722
      354715 356705 356699
 0.01 358134 359128 358123 358118 356115 346103 345099 345092
      341085 338078 334077 331078 327080 326085 328092 332101
      337105 342111 347116 350121 347120 341122 338125 336130
      335135 337138 346141 349143 352142 353139 355136 358134
 0.01 330122 331117 330114 328111 324109 323105 324101 323097
      320096 317095 313094 308089 298080 273068 252052 245049
      236048 232048 229050 227053 227056 226066 225070 223072
      223079 228083 234086 241090 245095 249099 255102 263102
      268099 272098 275100 292120 296125 299127 304127 309125
      317126 322126 326125 330122
 0.01 255008 255002 255998 251994 248993 244994 240995 236997
      234001 236004 241006 243008 247010 252010 255008
 0.25 550085 550079 549075 547068 546063 546057 547046 547034
      546027 542011 537997 533989 531979 530969 528962 525947
      519931 514913 510897 505885 499868 495850 493842 490833
      484821 481815 479812 478813 477819 476820 470823 467829
      467837 470846 472850 475857 478865 480874 478878 478882
      479918 485921 487922 489925 492929 496928 499934 503951
      508965 509986 511996 514004 515014 516022 514029 514040
      514052 516060 518068 521076 525083 529087 534086 537083
      540078 541089 541099 537099 537110 539117 543117 544114
      545104 548094 550085
 0.25 542149 541143 538140 536136 532133 530133 525134 525139
      526143 529147 532151 535154 540154 542149 542149
 0.25 513261 513260 512257 511257 510255 509254 509253 508254
      508256 508257 509259 509260 511261 512263 513261
 0.25 525100 525097 526094 525092 524089 522090 521091 520093
      519096 519098 520101 521104 523105 524105 524102 525101
      525100
 0.25 510713 510698 508685 506678 504674 499675 491690 485697
      482705 481710 481718 483730 485758 488770 490775 492777
      494779 496774 499766 502757 504746 508727 510719 510713
 0.25 461871 461863 458860 454859 451857 450855 448833 450828
      450823 448818 450811 454803 455798 454793 452788 449784
      446783 439783 432788 425786 422783 418781 415785 413791
      414816 414839 410846 405849 400850 397853 394861 390873
      389877 390883 392892 396904 400913 405914 408909 408902
      407896 406893 408890 411893 419900 422903 426903 431902
      433900 433892 432887 426876 422867 419858 422854 426856
      435861 442864 447865 448870 450875 452877 456877 460874
      461871
 0.25 447005 446998 443993 441985 438980 433977 428978 426980
      425985 426993 428999 432004 437007 443008 446007 447005
 0.25 397060 397058 397057 395056 394055 393054 393055 391057
      391059 389060 388060 386061 386063 387065 388065 389068
      391069 392068 394066 394065 395064 396062 396060 397060
 0.25 340709 340702 339699 337697 332699 330702 327711 327721
      323731 320737 315746 313753 309763 307772 307782 307789
      311792 316792 322788 331773 336765 339756 340752 340745
      337736 336729 337724 338714 340709
 0.25 340095 338094 336094 336095 336096 338097 340095
 0.25 313113 314110 313108 309104 302097 296089 288084 271073
      262068 255061 237053 233054 232058 233061 239067 248073
      257077 272089 280096 286103 294109 300116 303119 308117
      313113
 0.25 287814 285810 280809 276808 271809 266808 262808 260811
      262815 265817 269818 274819 279817 283817 287814
 0.50 538038 538035 538034 537032 537029 536028 536027 535026
      533025 532024 530026 530029 530031 530034 531037 531038
      532040 533041 534041 536040 538038 538038
 0.50 521965 520955 518947 515939 512934 507916 503901 500892
      496887 495886 493889 492894 492899 494908 495914 497916
      501921 500927 506931 509933 509936 509944 511952 514959
      518965 521965
 0.50 504696 503689 500690 498693 497699 495704 493709 492715
      493718 495724 498721 501716 502711 503706 504699 504696
 0.50 500739 500734 500729 498725 497727 496730 495735 494738
      494743 494746 494751 496753 498750 499746 500742 500739
 0.50 442800 442796 439794 435795 432797 428797 425797 424801
      426803 429805 431804 434806 436807 438806 441803 442800
 0.50 443005 444001 443998 441995 439990 438985 435982 429982
      428987 427990 429995 432999 434002 437005 443005 443005
 0.50 424893 424887 423882 420874 417868 412861 407857 403856
      399857 397865 398870 400873 405878 411882 415887 420893
      423894 424893
 0.50 329757 328753 327751 325751 322753 320755 319758 317761
      317763 317768 318770 320772 322771 324769 325766 327763
      328759 329757
 0.50 296101 296100 295098 294096 294094 293092 291090 289089
      288089 286091 285091 286092 286093 287095 289097 289098
      290099 291100 292101 294101 296101 296101
 0.50 268812 266812 266813 268812 268812
 0.50 248064 247064 246062 244061 242060 241060 240060 239059
      238059 239060 240062 242063 243064 244064 246065 247065
      248064
 1.00 440000 439999 438997 438996 437995 436992 435990 434988
      434987 433987 431987 430990 431991 431992 432995 433995
      434997 436998 437000 438000 439000 440000
 1.00 415872 414870 412868 412867 411866 410865 408865 408866
      409868 410870 412872 413873 414873 415872 

24HR QP VT 28/00Z
 0.01 453623 465627 469632 472637 477641 485646 488650 492655
      496660 499663 504668 506677 508688 508695 508699 506719
      504726 501734 500742 498751 496763 494779 492796 491804
      492817 499857 501867 504875 509891 513903 517917 521932
      524939 525949 531989 533000 535011 536018 537028 536034
      535045 535054 536063 541082 543092 543102 542107 540109
      536106 531102 528101 526098 518066 516059 516051 516041
      515034 515024 515019 513015 509010 505005 495998 487985
      484977 482972 481970 479970 476975 468974 464974 460971
      456965 454958 452951 449946 442935 438918 436909 432902
      425888 421887 420896 419903 420912 421927 422935 423943
      419961 412961 410960 408957 403940 401933 397926 393922
      390917 389913 387911 385911 380909 376905 374882 372876
      368871 366861 363856 360850 358845 355837 355832 356828
      358822 362817 367808 372798 375785 375779 376776 376766
      378759 379755 382753 385751 389750 394749 393746 389741
      388736 386733 386725 386717 387710 384704 383697 384690
      385687 389685 393678 397671 400667 411659 418656 422651
      425645 428642 432638 437629 453623
 0.01 403149 402146 400143 394143 387135 381132 379129 382127
      389116 388113 385113 379116 369119 365117 361117 356113
      352108 352102 356100 367105 368104 367102 364097 366090
      363083 365081 369080 372086 375088 376094 376098 378099
      379101 381099 383093 388091 390089 390084 398085 399082
      398078 399075 403074 405070 406061 406057 404055 398051
      396042 394036 391028 388023 384017 381015 356018 350022
      348027 348033 350039 351046 348053 348057 348060 352066
      351070 348072 343074 331077 329078 328082 330088 331092
      329094 325096 325098 333110 336113 340118 341124 343131
      348136 354140 359138 364134 369131 375132 378130 379133
      378134 377137 379140 384145 387146 389148 392150 396152
      400151 403149
 0.01 383197 381194 378190 376187 373183 370180 365179 361179
      361183 364187 368190 372192 375195 379197 383197
 0.01 356721 356716 355711 352708 338711 332716 328720 323723
      316726 306732 301736 297741 293746 291751 288756 286762
      283775 281782 278786 280793 279799 284801 290803 297804
      303802 309799 313794 319791 322786 325782 328775 342755
      348745 352733 355727 356721
 0.01 329122 326116 323111 319106 314101 311095 308091 297083
      292079 286077 275069 265062 256055 247046 242042 238040
      235041 230045 227050 227064 226074 229077 238079 244082
      254088 263090 269092 290106 301112 308116 314120 321124
      326124 329122
 0.01 323866 322856 320851 317846 312841 306841 301844 298849
      296851 296855 300868 301873 298876 296882 294888 296893
      293908 291915 291919 288918 284916 275916 271920 268925
      268932 268936 270939 290939 290943 292946 296948 302947
      307941 311930 314915 313906 311900 310893 313886 318877
      323866
 0.01 296840 296836 295832 295830 291828 287830 287833 286837
      286839 286841 288844 290845 292845 294843 296840
 0.01 286816 286810 285807 278804 273805 270807 267808 264812
      260817 263820 261823 256824 251830 249837 250843 252846
      253869 255872 257875 261874 263872 269857 271848 274840
      281825 285821 286816
 0.01 252786 251779 249776 244773 238775 234777 229779 225787
      226801 230810 235819 239822 243823 247821 249816 249812
      249804 249797 249792 252786
 0.25 515957 516949 515944 513936 507918 501901 496893 491887
      487881 481878 478877 475873 471865 468857 463856 459857
      457854 454845 450836 445831 439829 432828 428836 425843
      424848 425852 431858 435865 438873 442881 446887 451895
      453903 453910 455914 459920 467932 471936 474938 478939
      482937 489934 493937 502951 508957 514960 515957
 0.25 496704 496697 495692 493689 490687 483687 480682 478672
      475662 469656 463652 457647 452644 445645 440648 433653
      427659 424666 425672 425677 421686 419693 416699 412699
      409702 407709 406719 406729 408735 410740 417743 418748
      417753 416760 416769 416774 414776 406778 401779 399781
      396787 384797 379801 376806 372813 370819 367827 366833
      367840 372859 379870 382877 386885 392900 399916 403920
      405922 409922 411920 413916 413911 412904 412880 415842
      416831 418821 421813 424806 440782 444783 446787 451794
      454795 458795 466794 470791 472787 475779 479766 482758
      486749 490731 494718 496704
 0.25 390045 390036 384031 379028 371028 366034 364036 360037
      359041 360045 361054 367052 376052 381053 388051 390045
 0.25 297094 295090 292088 289085 284083 281082 276080 273081
      272083 275087 278090 282091 285094 289096 294098 297094
 0.25 266076 263070 258065 253060 248056 241052 237053 235055
      235060 236063 241068 247072 252075 260078 266076
 0.50 511944 510938 508931 504919 500908 494899 491895 487894
      483895 479899 477905 478910 479912 483911 487912 492922
      497934 502942 506946 510947 511944
 0.50 488706 472705 468702 465698 462695 459694 456699 455704
      451716 447721 444723 440723 437728 435733 435737 437740
      439740 442735 444729 449729 453730 456734 457743 457749
      457757 458766 461771 464773 469771 471766 476756 480744
      482733 485726 486720 487712 488706
 0.50 463668 461664 458660 452656 447656 443656 440658 436661
      434665 433670 430680 431687 434689 436690 441687 447683
      451681 456682 459679 461673 463668
 0.50 466878 465873 462871 457871 454872 449874 446877 447882
      450887 453891 455893 458896 462895 465891 465885 466879
      466878
 0.50 448855 448850 446844 443841 440839 436837 433838 430843
      430847 432851 434854 438858 440861 445862 448858 448855
 0.50 414807 414801 414796 411791 410789 406788 403790 402793
      397798 391799 385802 380807 374817 371824 370831 371841
      373847 376854 379859 383864 386870 391883 396895 400910
      404917 408917 410914 410910 409903 408895 406887 406876
      406866 405856 403850 401842 397837 395829 399825 407817
      412812 414807
 0.50 381049 381045 380043 376042 374040 373038 369039 367040
      365042 364045 365049 369050 372050 376050 379050 381049
 0.50 252067 252065 251064 249063 249062 248061 246060 244059
      242059 241058 241057 240058 239060 240061 241062 242063
      243064 244064 246065 247066 249067 251068 252067
 1.00 452669 450667 450666 448667 446667 445667 443668 442669
      442672 442674 444676 446675 448675 449673 450672 451671
      452669
 1.00 405910 406903 405898 403887 400867 397857 393846 390839
      388835 388829 388819 386815 382815 377819 375824 374828
      374835 375840 378848 381851 383852 387854 389858 391869
      394879 400897 402906 405910
 1.50 398878 398876 397874 397871 396869 394867 394869 394872
      395873 395874 396876 396878 397880 398879 398878
 1.50 383843 383841 383838 383836 383834 383832 383829 383827
      383825 381823 379824 378825 378826 377828 377830 377832
      377834 378837 378839 379839 379841 381843 382843 383843