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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 0945Z Apr 21, 2015)
 
Version Selection
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
545 AM EDT TUE APR 21 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 21/1200 UTC THRU APR 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


MADE ONLY VERY MINOR CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF..BASED ON THE
00Z ECMWF HIRES AND RECENT RADAR IMAGERY AND
TRENDS.

DAY 1...

...ME...

SOME GRADUAL PROGRESSION TO THE UPSTREAM H5 TROF OVER THE WESTERN
GREAT LAKES..PRECEDED BY A GRADUAL VEERING OF WINDS ALOFT AND BY
LATER THIS AFTERNOON A FRONTAL PASSAGE..SHOULD BRING TO AN END THE
MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAIN OVER ME.  BUT FOR AT LEAST THE
REMAINDER OF THE MORNING HOURS INTO MID AFTERNOON OR SO..A STILL
MODERATELY STRONG AND ONLY SLOWLY PROGRESSIVE LOW LEVEL ATLANTIC
INFLOW REGIME WILL KEEP THINGS WET FOR MUCH OF ME..AND ESPECIALLY
NEAR THE COAST.  40-50+KTS OF SOUTHERLY H85 INFLOW BRINGING IN PWS
IN EXCESS OF 1 INCH..ALONG WITH A RATHER SLOW PROGRESSION TO THE
PATTERN..WILL SUPPORT THE MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY RAINS..WITH
THE MODEL QPFS GENERALLY IN AGREEMENT WITH AREAL AVERAGE
0.50-1.00+ INCH AMOUNTS AFTER 12Z. 


...OH VALLEY...

H5 S/WV ENERGY ROTATING AROUND THE SLOWLY PROGRESSIVE GREAT LAKES
H5 LOW WILL PUSH A WEAK COLD FRONT/REINFORCING SHOT OF COLD AIR
INTO THE OH VALLEY THIS PERIOD.  SOME POOLING OF HIGHER PWS AND
ENHANCED LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE VICINITY OF THIS WEAK FRONT WILL
SUPPORT A STRIPE OF GENERALLY LIGHT RAINS FROM SOUTHERN MO PRETTY
MUCH UP THE OH RIVER..WHERE SOME 0.25+ INCH AMOUNTS ARE LIKELY.


...CENTRAL/SOUTHERN FL PENINSULA...

A WEAK COLD FRONT DROPPING INTO THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PORTIONS
OF THE FL PENINSULA SHOULD BE THE FOCUS FOR SOME ENHANCED
CONVECTION LATER THIS MORNING AND AFTERNOON DURING TIME OF MAX
HEATING AND WITHIN AN AXIS OF HIGH PWS..ABOVE 1.75 INCHES.  GIVEN
THIS HIGH MOISTURE AVAILABILITY..SOME BRIEF VERY HEAVY RAINFALL
RATES ARE POSSIBLE..BUT KEPT AREAL AVERAGE RAINFALL AMOUNTS IN THE
0.50-1.00+ INCH RANGE..CLOSE TO MODEL QPF CONSENSUS.


...WESTERN STATES...

THE QUASI-STATIONARY MID LEVEL TROF/CLOSED LOW OVER CA AND THE
PROGRESSION OF THE GULF OF AK/NORTHEASTERN PACIFIC H5 TROF INTO
THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST SHOULD KEEP AT LEAST SCATTERED
RAIN/CONVECTION GOING MUCH OF THE WEST COAST STATES INTO THE
CENTRAL GREAT BASIN..BUT WITH RAINFALL AMOUNTS GENERALLY ON THE
LIGHT SIDE IN WHAT IS A RATHER MOISTURE STARVED AIRMASS.


DAYS 2/3...

...CENTRAL APPALACHIANS/MID ATLANTIC/NORTHEAST...

A MID LEVEL WAVE UNDERNEATH A STRENGTHENING UPPER JET MAXIMA
CROSSES THE OH VALLEY THROUGH THE CENTRAL APPALACHIANS AND THEN
TURNING NORTHEAST ACROSS NEW ENGLAND.  CLUSTERS OF SHOWERS OCCUR
IN AREAS OF LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND MOVE UP INTO MAINE THE LAST
SEVERAL HOURS OF DAY 2 INTO DAY 3 AS A CLOSED 850-700 MB LOW
DEVELOPS IN THE AREA. THERE ARE SLIGHT TIMING AND PHASING
DIFFERENCES WITH THE MID LEVEL WAVE AND RESULTANT SFC LOW PRESSURE
WITH THE GFS AND THE ECMWF SHOWING LOWER HEIGHTS/PRESSURES DAY 3
OVER INTERIOR MAINE WHILE OTHER MODELS WEAKEN AN INITIAL LOW AND
DEVELOP A TRIPLE POINT LOW FURTHER EAST. 

PCPN WILL CONTINUE TO EXPAND IN AREAL COVERAGE DURING THE DAY ON
WEDNESDAY AND INTO WEDNESDAY EVENING AS IT CURVES NORTHEAST AROUND
THE PERIPHERY OF THE UPPER SYSTEM.  THE COMBINATION OF INCREASED
DIVERGENCE ALOFT...MID LEVEL CYCLONIC VORTICITY ADVECTION AND
STRENGTHENING FLOW AT LOW LEVELS RESULTS IN PCPN INCREASING IN
MAINE WHERE HALF AN INCH TO ONE INCH OF LIQUID EQUIVALENT IS
FORECAST ON DAY 3.  SEE THE WINTER WEATHER DESK PROGS FOR SNOWFALL
POTENTIAL IN MAINE.

...FL...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY FOCUS ON A FRONTAL BOUNDARY IN SOUTHERN
FL DURING DAY 2.  BNDRY LAYER MOISTURE CONVERGENCE NEAR THE FRONT
AND HIGHER PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES OF 1.75-2 INCHES FCST BY THE
GFS LEADS TO LOCALLY HEAVY DOWNPOURS. SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS
WILL PEAK DURING FROM THE AFTERNOON INTO THE EARLY EVENING WHEN
THE STATIC STABILITY PARAMETERS ARE MOST UNSTABLE DUE TO
INSOLATION. 
ON THU/DAY 3/...THE MOISTURE PLUME IS FCST TO MOVE NORTHER INTO
CENTRAL AS A LOW AMPLITUDE 700 MB WAVE PROGRESSES ACROSS THE
EASTERN GULF TOWARDS THE PENINSULA.  THE GFS SHOWS A 700 MB
THETA-E ADVECTION AND CONVERGENCE MAXIMA.
MANUAL PROGS BLENDED THE GFS/ECMWF QPF.  THE NAM AND SREF MEAN QPF
VALUES APPEAR LOW GIVEN THE INCREASING MOISTURE ACROSS CENTRAL FL
AND FAVORED RIGHT ENTRANCE REGION OF THE JET ACROSS THE AREA AND
LIKELY MID LEVEL WAVE TO TRIGGER ASCENT IN CONJUNCTION WITH SEA
AND LAKE BREEZE DEVELOPMENTS.

...SOUTHERN PLAINS TO LOWER MS VALLEY/GULF COAST...

THE MODELS SHOW 700 MB THETA-E ADVECTION AND CONVERGENCE
SUPERIMPOSED OVER A  LOW LEVEL FRONTAL BNDRY IN THE SOUTHERN
PLAINS ON DAY 2.  SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS FORM AND THEN MOVE
SOUTHEAST FROM THE RED RIVER VALLEY OF NORTHEAST TX/SOUTHEAST OK
AND CONTINUE INTO EASTERN TX/LA AS THE MID LEVEL CONVERGENCE ZONE
DROPS SOUTHEAST WITH TIME. THE EVENT WINDS DOWN AS THE COMPLEX
EXITS LA INTO THE GULF OF MEXICO.
THE MODELS SHOW RETURN FLOW DEVELOPING ON THU/DAY 3/ WITH UPPER
DIVERGENCE MAXIMA REDEVELOPING IN NORTHEAST TX/RED ROVER VALLEY TO
ADJACENT OK...SO MORE SHOWERS/STORMS SHOULD DEVELOP IN THE REGION.
 THE 00Z ECMWF QPF SHOWED CONSIDERABLE CHANGE FROM THE 12Z
RUN...WITH THE UNCERTAINTY RESULTING IN MANUAL GRAPHICS USING A
MULTI-MODEL BLEND OF THE UKMET/NAM/GFS/ECMWF QPF FOR DAYS 2-3.


...CA INTO THE GREAT BASIN AND SOUTHWEST...

A PERSISTENT UPPER TROUGH OVER MUCH OF CA AND ADJACENT NV SETS THE
STAGE FOR SEVERAL PERIODS OF UPPER DIVERGENCE MAXIMA OCCURRING IN
THE CA SIERRA NEVADA RANGE THE LAST HALF OF DAY 2 INTO EARLY DAY 3
/THU/. 
STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES AND BNDRY LYR MOISTURE
CONVERGENCE MAXIMA LEADS TO SHOWERS ACROSS THE REGION.
AS THU PROGRESSES THE FORECASTS INDICATE THE UPPER TROUGH STARTS
MOVING EAST...SO THE UPPER DIVERGENCE/LOWER CONVERGENCE MAXIMA IN
THE CA SIERRA TAPER AND SHOWER AMOUNTS/COVERAGE BEGIN TO WANE.

LIGHT SHOWERS DEVELOP IN NEVADA AS THE TROUGH DRIFTS EAST OUR OF
CA...AND ALSO IN THE SOUTHWEST/FOUR CORNERS REGION AS UPPER
DIVERGENCE MAXIMA DEVELOP THU AND THU EVENING IN TH LEFT EXIT
REGION OF THE SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST UPPER JET ACROSS THE REGION. 
POSITIVE MOISTURE FLUXES DEVELOP A 700 MB IN EASTERN AZ/NM AND
CONTINUE DOWNSTREAM INTO CO. 

MANUAL PROGS USED A MULTI-MODEL CONSENSUS OF THE NAM/GFS/21Z SREF
MEAN/12-00Z ECMWF FOR THE QPF AMOUNTS. 


...NORTHWEST...

ONE MID-UPPER LEVEL SHORTWAVE SHOULD BE COMING ONSHORE OVER WA TUE
EVE AND PROGRESS ONSHORE AND INLAND ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES ON
WED AND ACROSS THE BORDER INTO SOUTHWEST CANADA THU.  ONSHORE FLOW
AHEAD OF THE TROF SHOULD USHER PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 0.50
TO THE COAST BY EARLY WEDNESDAY EVENING...WEAKENING AS THE WAVE
TRACKS INLAND.  AVAILABLE MOISTURE SHOULD AID IN PRODUCING SHOWERS
OVER THE HIGHER ELEVATIONS ACROSS THE WA CASCADES AND THE BLUE
MOUNTAINS IN OR...CONTINUING ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF NORTHERN
ID AND WESTERN MT. THE STEADY FORWARD MOTION AND MODEST ASCENT
LEADS TO LIGHT AMOUNTS.

ON DAY 3/THU/...THE NEXT IN THE SERIES OF MID-UPPER LEVEL TROUGHS
APPROACHES.  AN UPPER JET MAXIMA OVER THE NORTHEAST PACIFIC
SUPPORT AN UPPER DIVERGENCE MAXIMA STREAMING ONSHORE IN NORTHWEST
WA THU LATE AFTERNOON/EVENING WITH SHOWERS DEVELOPING AS A RESULT.
 THE 00Z RUN OF THE ECMWF AMPLIFIED THE TROUGH OVER ITS PRIOR RUN
AND NUDGED UP ITS QPF.  MANUAL PROGS WERE CLOSE TO THE 00Z ECMWF
QPF AS A RESULT..AS WELL AS THE CANADIAN MODELS..WHICH IN BETWEEN
THE HIGHER UKMET AND LOWER NAM/GFS.

TERRY/PETERSEN

GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 479617 485621 490625 500640 505647 509655 516674 519685
      522698 528719 533741 539764 541776 544785 549793 552802
      555810 557818 561845 561860 559874 554892 547907 543915
      538923 528934 526936 522939 517942 509947 504948 501950
      493950 484950 467945 456936 446925 438911 433904 430896
      432886 434883 437880 444877 450872 452868 451864 449863
      446865 441863 433864 433851 434844 435842 433840 430840
      425844 422848 420849 416847 416842 417835 422827 424819
      425809 422806 420810 414816 411824 409836 407845 407858
      407874 411893 412904 412910 414914 414927 414933 412936
      409936 405931 401924 401920 400915 398905 397901 393902
      391906 388907 385910 384917 385929 386940 386945 384952
      380957 379963 379969 375988 375001 377010 377022 381029
      383039 385042 390043 397044 405048 408049 411054 414054
      418059 426060 422068 419069 416070 415073 415078 413082
      414087 416091 417095 413094 409089 409085 411082 410076
      408075 405072 403070 400071 393073 390072 386070 383074
      381080 378084 375082 373079 373073 373069 369066 364066
      362069 358069 359061 356058 356055 358053 362052 365048
      363044 362039 362033 362022 361018 358016 348004 344998
      341991 338982 337976 335978 331980 328979 323973 321967
      321963 321956 323952 328954 332956 337954 342948 345947
      350947 353948 355945 359938 362930 363918 362896 362886
      364876 365865 368856 373835 378819 384805 388798 394791
      405778 405773 407771 410768 412764 413760 415755 417750
      418748 416745 414729 412716 408706 402701 398700 393702
      389704 386706 380712 369723 359734 356737 352738 348740
      346740 342739 340738 336736 334731 333728 334723 338716
      343708 348702
 0.01 348702 352697 359691 364687 368682 375676 381672 386668
      390666 393664 399660 406655 412649 416645 422639 425636
 0.01 525254 521250 519249 519243 525233 537215 539205 540194
      540184 539178 537172 533169 529166 525161 522157 516153
      508146 505143 500141 499145 502150 510157 512159 511162
      506161 501162 500171 498178 499185 502189 503194 501199
      497200 491201 487200 482204 479208 475209 466212 464214
      464219 467223 476221 489224 493230 491234 488236 477231
      469235 464238 459237 449239 439240 434241 433238 433234
      437231 442228 454226 462224 460220 456216 446213 441212
      443206 451201 453198 455197 459195 463191 461188 455185
      451184 449185 441192 438197 433197 423195 420194 419197
      414200 408205 405206 403204 400199 397194 395194 395197
      392196 386192 390183 386184 384185 381184 380181 377180
      375178 372179 367180 364175 360172 361177 362179 359180
      355182 351184 352186 355187 396210 399221 399232 402231
      409234 414235 415239 422242 429244 438247 460248 460251
      457251 454255 445258 435260 431263 427269 429275 430277
      434279 440281 445281 455279 463276 472272 480267 484265
      490266 495270 498276 506285 511286 516284
 0.01 484250 482248 481248 479247 477248 475250 477252 478253
      480253 482252 484250
 0.01 493148 494143 493140 489135 484131 481127 478127 476129
      472133 470138 475139 480138 485143 488148 491150 493148
 0.01 466105 463102 458101 456102 455100 453098 450094 445092
      438089 433091 428087 424089 427095 429097 429101 425105
      428106 434105 443111 444105 445102 448104 453105 455103
      458104 459106 463107 466105
 0.01 450078 450077 449075 449073 448071 447070 445068 443068
      442067 440067 438069 437071 438073 439073 441074 442074
      443075 444076 446077 448080 449079 450078
 0.01 410152 410150 404151 400148 401141 399138 395140 391141
      387143 387146 390151 388153 391156 394161 391162 387166
      386171 387175 391176 393174 395170 400160 406156 410152
 0.01 409112 409103 408096 402104 397101 397105 395103 396106
      394107 393105 393109 390111 387111 384111 382112 378115
      374119 373123 373125 376131 382131 386126 391124 398114
      405114 409112
 0.01 349201 348199 348196 348192 349190 348187 347187 344187
      341188 340190 340192 341195 342197 344200 347201 349201
 0.01 344184 345180 345178 345173 345169 343166 339168 337167
      339168 339172 340175 340179 342182 344184 344184
 0.01 336194 337189 337187 335182 335180 334177 333175 331172
      329172 328177 328181 330182 331184 332188 331193 333195
      334195 336194
 0.01 309015 306007 302003 291995 282993 275993 272992 273989
      275981 276971 274963 274949 271941 269932 267924 267915
      267903 267894 269878 271869 271861 269843 270824 271817
      274809 276801 279794 282788 285783 289775 291769 292761
      290751 288749 285749 280749 276750 266761 257772 252784
      248801 246808 247817 243851 242859 239867 237875 237882
      238902 238922 239931 240940 241948 242958 242969 242974
      244976 243980 240981 238985 239988 241991 239994 236999
      237002 239006 245010 252013 256012 258011 263011 269015
      283020 298017 306018 309015
 0.25 470620 480628 489637 497650 505662 510683 512693 514704
      513710 512715 512724 513737 512746 511750 509753 504758
      490759 483757 477755 466750 460746 456742 451737 449734
      448729 446720 442715 436711 433703 432697 433693 432689
      431686 427681 423672 422666 423657 426650 430644 440630
 0.25 504919 512919 522914 536905 548885 553864 553849 550838
      544824 541807 539789 534786 533798 533810 529830 524845
      513862 505867 499870 490881 486886 485890 484895 487904
      490909 495914 501918 504919
 0.25 532203 533200 532198 531197 529196 528196 527196 526197
      525198 524199 522200 522201 521202 521205 521206 523207
      525206 526206 528206 530205 531204 532203
 0.25 511244 511241 512239 512236 512234 512231 512230 511228
      511227 509226 507225 506226 506227 504228 503231 503233
      504236 504238 504239 505242 505243 506245 506246 508247
      509246 510246 511244
 0.25 403804 404799 402796 400798 399801 398805 397807 396810
      395814 394817 394821 397823 399821 400817 401813 402811
      402806 403804
 0.25 384198 382196 381196 380197 382198 384198 384198
 0.25 384843 385836 383833 380841 377850 376859 373868 372880
      372890 369898 368910 369923 371932 375940 378936 379932
      379926 378920 378910 378898 379888 381879 383869 384863
      383854 384844 384843
 0.25 367007 367005 365002 364999 362996 360994 358992 357990
      353990 353993 354996 355998 357000 359003 360005 362007
      365009 367007
 0.25 272795 271787 268782 263782 259785 256791 255795 255804
      256812 259817 261819 264817 267812 270808 271802 272795
 0.25 264856 263850 262847 259845 256848 252854 248861 246868
      244877 244888 244899 246921 248930 251937 255944 259943
      261939 262930 261919 261897 262876 264857 264856
 0.50 465622 469625 473628 480634 484638 487643 493653 500663
      503670 504675 505683 504690 501697 497699 488698 479705
      475708 471706 469694 464693 459694 450701 445703 441702
      437696 437688 437681 435675 432669 431660 432654 434649
      438644 441640 445635 447634 451633 456633 456629 454626
 0.50 546866 547861 546856 542855 536861 528867 520875 515884
      512889 510895 511898 514900 518900 526897 534889 540881
      544871 546866
 0.50 268802 269798 269794 267790 265789 263790 260792 258794
      258797 258801 259805 260807 262809 264809 266806 267804
      268802
 0.50 257919 257909 257899 257889 256879 256874 254871 251871
      250873 248881 248891 248901 250911 251919 253922 256921
      257919
 1.00 499672 499669 498668 497667 496667 495668 493670 492672
      491674 491677 492679 493681 495681 496680 497678 498677
      499675 499673 499672
 1.00 481657 481654 481652 481651 480650 478649 477648 475648
      473649 473650 472651 471653 470656 470658 471660 472661
      473662 475661 477661 478660 480660 481657 481657
 1.00 449684 450679 448675 446675 444676 443679 442683 441687
      441689 441693 443693 445693 447690 449687 449684
 1.00 265800 265798 264797 264798 263800 263801 265801 265800 

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 437631 443634 446636 453642 459648 463650 467653 472658
      477666 481676 487686 494707 497720 498724 500731 502737
      503746 503754 502757 498761 496766 492774 480792 477797
      474801 470801 466799 460801 454808 449816 446821 441824
      430821 428819 428811 427805 429800 438784 443776 446771
      443767 440767 437770 435773 431783 423803 418809 413817
      408824 401832 398835 396836 395839 390847 380861 375869
      372872 367872 361872 360867 360861 359858 357859 356865
      355872 354877 354885 355892 359896 365902 369909 373917
      378927 381938 383942 383950 383966 383973 381978 381985
      382988 384993 383001 380011 375016 371018 368021 371023
      375022 377019 381015 386015 389016 391022 397023 398021
      401021 406021 407026 409031 409037 410042 411046 414047
      416050 419052 421052 425053 427057 425062 421062 420061
      418062 418068 418075 414085 412085 412082 410079 407078
      406084 404083 398087 395082 391084 390089 386091 380083
      376081 374078 373067 364063 381058 382055 379054 375054
      367055 363056 358055 357050 358047 360044 360040 359036
      361030 362026 361023 349024 343023 338020 332019 331015
      328011 321004 314999 307995 299993 293991 291988 286985
      283981 279976 275972 275970 278960 281949 280935 279929
      277925 273917 271913 271908 272901 269901 265904 261905
      258903 255898 251890 248883 248877 246873 244862 246851
      246842 248833 246819 245816 242814 237806 234801 234799
      233787 233781 234776 234770 234764 236760 240757 248752
      254749 257747 259743 262735 268727 270724 275721 283722
      285724 286730 286752 285775 295777 301776 304777 311771
      317763 323756 328748 332745 335740 339733 344726 350719
      356714 362722 360731 360736 359741 354760 350768 346776
      337791
 0.01 337791 335796 332799 325804 310814 302817 299820 298826
      299832 301837 303841 304846 308855 314861 317864 321864
      322861 327855 330845 330834 336828 341823 350817 355810
      362794 367774 369765 371756 373751 375746 381740 393727
      400722 406716 405712 401709 396701 393691 391688 390691
      386692 381693 379691 376688 375680 377671 381663 387656
      392655 394652 404646 413639
 0.01 562853 559841 557837 554834 550830 547827 539828 534829
      530831 526841 510848 501844 494840 491836 489831 484824
      482819 479815 473810 467811 464814 463818 463824 464830
      467834 468848 466846 463846 453847 446853 443857 443863
      445865 449867 459867 462872 462880 459890 458896 458903
      462910 468918 475923 484927 492929 500932 505932 508930
      519929 523929 526926 533920 540916 545915 549912 554907
      558903 561898 565888
 0.01 554138 555123 554111 551105 544102 538099 531096 529094
      525093 517088 507078 500072 494071 477068 469068 465068
      463070 460074 459078 457082 454083 451087 448088 445089
      440088 434088 431087 430085 428085 426088 427092 431099
      433104 436106 441105 443103 444102 446103 445107 444118
      444126 443130 441133 439137 438143 440151 443154 447155
      450155 452151 459149 460151 458153 450165 443181 438189
      438194 439197 441200 446202 451198 455194 462191 469182
      472181 474182 478183 482184 484189 485198 480203 474205
      473204 471207 467209 463208 460208 459215 462223 466225
      468224 474219 476217 480217 486216 488218 491217 494217
      497218 498222 496223 493222 492225 496232 498235 503237
      505236 508233 509230 510224 510217 510212 511206 514203
      515200 519200 526204 530206 533204 535201 536196 537193
      537188 541183 542176 543172 544159 544154 547153 552146
      554138
 0.01 520269 521263 520259 518252 514247 510244 505244 501248
      495250 494243 492240 490239 485242 478241 476245 471250
      467255 463261 459262 450271 442279 438286 435291 431298
      430306 439315 442316 445315 450316 462315 472310 477310
      482308 487306 491302 500294 508285 520269
 0.01 478157 477154 476152 474151 472153 474156 475156 477159
      478157
 0.01 469147 468145 466145 464146 466149 467149 469147
 0.01 426167 426163 425157 424148 417147 415148 414150 412148
      410148 408150 402155 392164 386166 384170 383175 377180
      375180 372178 366173 360169 354172 350177 344193 347201
      348199 348194 350189 355190 363193 374202 379207 380212
      381216 388217 390216 394215 396219 396222 394222 391224
      389227 389233 392236 400237 403237 407237 411233 410229
      406227 407223 409221 413212 414202 411185 412180 415178
      419174 423172 426167
 0.01 430111 430106 429103 423103 414108 410103 410095 408093
      405093 403100 402104 400106 396108 385113 381115 379117
      379121 382124 388124 397120 403117 410118 417119 420119
      422117 426113 430111
 0.01 376230 377228 376226 376225 374225 373225 371223 371222
      371220 370217 368219 366220 366221 366223 367225 368226
      369227 369228 370230 372230 373231 375231 376230
 0.01 383042 383040 382038 380038 378036 377037 378039 378040
      380042 381044 383042
 0.01 361856 361854 360852 359854 358856 360858 361856
 0.01 344182 345176 344171 343166 339166 336167 334166 329165
      330168 333169 337168 340172 341177 342182 344182
 0.01 341188 341186 341184 341183 339183 337182 337183 336185
      336187 336188 338188 340188 341188
 0.01 285848 283846 281847 280848 280850 282852 283850 285848
 0.25 554876 553864 550854 548851 545850 539855 529865 519875
      517877 514876 511877 508880 498890 498895 500898 504903
      506907 510908 515907 521904 529902 536901 543898 548894
      552887 554876
 0.25 530186 531181 531176 530170 528162 524158 520153 517151
      514151 509154 506158 503158 501161 498160 494163 492166
      492171 494176 498180 502178 505171 504163 509164 508170
      510172 514176 518182 522185 528187 530186
 0.25 535144 535142 534141 533139 533138 532137 530136 528137
      527140 527142 528144 529146 531146 532146 534146 535144
 0.25 520133 518121 519117 517112 511106 505101 497096 494094
      491094 488099 490103 496109 502115 506117 508122 513131
      515135 518135 520133
 0.25 481690 479685 476684 470686 464677 459672 455670 452671
      449675 448680 448687 446691 440697 437701 435706 435710
      437714 442722 448726 462735 468742 471751 474752 476752
      480749 482745 483738 482725 484713 482705 479701 476698
      478695 481690
 0.25 438738 436731 432730 424735 416741 411751 409763 406776
      405782 408785 413783 417780 422770 425760 428754 431750
      437741 438738
 0.25 399211 396203 390196 382190 373186 364183 359181 358184
      360186 368189 374195 382202 389206 397211 399211
 0.25 404792 404787 401787 398788 396789 393791 391793 390796
      389799 390801 394802 397801 400800 402797 403795 404792
 0.25 393174 393172 391173 390174 391175 393175 393174
 0.25 370001 371995 371990 370980 367963 365954 364946 362936
      362927 359924 356923 350919 341912 330902 325899 318896
      306892 299893 297895 295899 294908 294918 293926 292933
      291943 293951 297957 300962 308973 317984 335003 340007
      347009 356010 362008 367005 370001
 0.25 279765 280758 279751 278744 276739 274734 273731 271733
      269742 266752 260760 258763 256768 253777 250785 249796
      253820 256830 258834 264833 268831 271828 273824 277822
      279818 280813 279803 278796 278790 278778 278770 279765
 0.25 264880 264878 264876 264874 263872 263871 262870 261868
      259868 259870 259872 259874 260876 261878 261879 262880
      263881 264880
 0.50 543882 544879 544877 543874 542874 541875 540876 539877
      538878 537879 536880 535881 534883 533883 532886 534887
      535887 537887 538887 540886 541885 543883 543882
 0.50 386201 386199 385198 384196 384195 383194 381193 379192
      378192 376191 375193 375194 377196 379197 380199 381199
      382200 384201 385201 386201
 0.50 363994 364986 363978 359967 357962 356956 355949 352946
      348943 345939 339932 324919 315915 310913 307912 305914
      303918 301925 301938 301945 302950 306960 317976 325983
      332989 339995 342997 345997 351997 355997 359996 363994
 0.50 273760 273758 273757 271758 271760 271762 271763 272762
      273761 273760
 0.50 273787 273780 271775 267775 265778 261784 256792 255796
      254802 254810 258819 261821 264819 269812 271804 271793
      273787
 1.00 353982 352974 348970 345967 341961 339956 336950 334952
      333956 334962 337968 341971 344976 348982 350983 353982


24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 487614 489619 491626 493631 494638 496648 498654 502668
      501675 502682 501693 499698 496702 496711 496722 496728
      496735 498750 497756 494761 491766 488770 482772 480774
      472771 468769 465767 461764 456759 452758 448761 442767
      437770 435773 429786 426794 423799 420799 418797 415798
      412795 410793 410788 409780 412757 414743 416731 419723
      422720 425725 424729 424734 425741 429747 435746 437744
      437741 436733 436728 438722 436717 432711 428707 423701
      422697 421694 420689 419681 420676 423665 430653 431648
      430642 427635
 0.01 541197 540191 537186 535175 534168 535158 535152 535145
      535134 535127 535108 535100 534092 531079 523058 521051
      524050 526052 529051 530045 535032 533026 531019 528014
      526007 519002 512996 505990 497983 492977 489972 485968
      479959 464942 459935 452930 436921 427916 422914 418914
      403914 397913 391913 368914 364914 360913 352908 344901
      335896 331893 329887 326881 325876 320854 317842 315829
      309804 305792 299779 294769 290762 288758 287755 284755
      275754 270750 267745 264742 258742 251747 245755 241765
      240769 241774 246784 246796 247809 250819 255831 256839
      257846 258853 259858 261868 262875 263880 265886 267888
      280906 286915 292924 293930 293937 294949 288958 286962
      282964 272968 266970 261973 242981 231987 230011 236015
      238017 242017 256021 260023 263026 268032 273038 280041
      284043 288043 296044 305045 313045 318040 324036 330029
      334023 337020 341019 343018 348018 352018 355022 359028
      360032 358038 354045 350051 348055 347058 345059 336067
      325075 319091 320097 319102 321105 320108 320112 322115
      326121 330127 331129 335130 341131 346132 354137 356136
      359136 367133 370132 373132 374134 376140 378144 375147
      368149 363148 360149 354148 350150 347149 342151 337154
      335157 331160 329161 325160 320160 318161 315163 316167
      322172 325175 328180 329184 329188 336191 366203 371206
      375208 382213 388217 395222 401228 406229 411223 414216
      412207 407201 406190 411183 417180 419174 422169 422165
      424158 428151 430149 434148 440149 444148 451146 454147
      458150 466147
 0.01 466147 470135 475128 476122 474118 469120 467119 466115
      467107 470105 474102 476098 479098 481100 484103 489108
      491114 491120 491127 489143 490150 489154 487159 484158
      480157 479154 474154 472156 473161 476164 479168 482173
      484180 485187 486193 485200 482204 477205 471203 467204
      459207 454209 450210 442212 440217 441222 442227 445229
      447231 445241 447246 450250 456252 460255 457261 456266
      456270 462271 465270 468270 472273 480280 483281 485284
      490286 495289 500291 504290 507288 514280 520269 535214
      537204 541197
 0.01 418152 419149 417147 416145 414144 412144 411145 410145
      409145 407147 405149 405151 404151 403153 404156 406156
      407156 409154 411155 413153 415153 417153 418152
 0.01 415132 415130 414128 414127 412125 411124 409126 407128
      408131 410133 412134 413133 415132
 0.01 407082 404077 401074 398072 396073 392077 389080 387082
      384082 380083 377087 373091 371095 367100 364105 362108
      362111 366112 370111 376111 386108 390106 393102 401095
      405084 407082
 0.01 399134 399132 400129 400127 398125 397125 395125 393126
      392128 391130 391132 392134 394135 395135 397136 399134
 0.01 345763 341753 338749 334751 331754 328759 325769 323781
      322793 322800 324806 328807 333805 340799 342794 343788
      345776 345763
 0.25 529215 529214 527213 525214 524216 524219 525220 526220
      526219 528218 529215
 0.25 523190 523188 523187 522184 521182 519183 519186 520188
      520190 521191 523190 523190
 0.25 520173 522168 521162 517159 516153 513151 512155 509162
      505160 502159 500160 498169 500178 504181 509185 514182
      518177 520173
 0.25 503281 505276 505271 505260 505252 504241 502235 499228
      494223 489221 477223 472226 468230 466234 466239 469245
      479256 481259 484260 492262 495268 496278 499283 502283
      503281
 0.25 510068 509066 509065 508065 508068 509069 510068
 0.25 489675 489668 488661 487653 485647 480642 475641 470641
      468644 463646 458648 454651 445666 441676 440687 443697
      447707 451716 458724 463728 468727 471725 483711 487703
      488696 488691 488681 489675
 0.25 422018 421013 422008 422004 418000 412995 409993 405994
      398000 394009 394023 395028 398031 407031 412029 415026
      416020 418017 422018
 0.25 393204 391198 388193 383189 378187 372184 366185 365188
      366191 370197 373200 378204 385207 391206 393204
 0.25 361978 361972 361966 359959 356955 354951 352943 347935
      340929 329917 324911 321904 319893 318885 316873 312863
      308854 305844 303835 300828 291816 286808 283799 279791
      276787 272783 268782 263782 261775 258766 257762 254760
      252764 251769 251775 253781 258787 257797 258808 261817
      268831 269843 272852 275861 277868 277875 279885 281892
      285900 289906 295913 301918 305920 308923 312926 314930
      316938 317943 316948 316960 314967 309975 304981 296986
      286988 278990 272993 264996 256996 246995 241995 237997
      237003 239007 244009 248010 285018 304018 313006 318998
      320995 323993 328994 332996 335997 338997 355989 359984
      361978
 0.50 499274 499271 498270 498271 498274 499274 499274
 0.50 500264 499261 499260 499258 498257 497258 497260 497261
      498263 499264 500264
 0.50 480693 480686 478679 474669 468661 466659 464660 463663
      461666 457668 454671 451676 450687 453701 457707 462708
      466707 471708 475705 477702 480696 480693
 0.50 376191 375189 375188 373188 371188 372190 372191 374192
      376192 376191
 0.50 341954 341949 337947 336951 332952 329956 327960 326965
      327969 330972 335972 338969 340965 340958 341954
 0.50 309884 306870 304865 300860 293851 291846 286842 285845
      287854 290868 291874 289881 287886 287893 289898 293902
      298905 302904 304899 305891 309888 309884
 0.50 276818 276815 275813 275812 275811 274809 273808 272808
      271806 269806 267808 267809 267810 267812 267814 268816
      268818 270820 270821 272821 274821 275820 275819 276818