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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 1000Z Apr 01, 2015)
 
Version Selection
Versions back from latest:  0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   
 
Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
600 AM EDT WED APR 01 2015


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID APR 01/1200 UTC THRU APR 04/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


DAY 1...

...SOUTHERN U.S...

A BROAD INSTABILITY AXIS FORMED BENEATH SEASONABLY STEEP LAPSE
RATES WITHIN MODIFIED GULF AIR...WITH DEWPOINTS IN THE 60S...HAD
FED CLUSTERS OF ORGANIZED CONVECTION EARLY WEDNESDAY. ACTIVITY IN
THE SOUTHEAST STATES WAS FOCUSED ALONG MID LEVEL GRADIENTS...WITH
STORM BASES LIKELY ROOTED CLOSE TO 750 MB. THIS HAD MADE THEM MORE
RESISTANT TO PROPAGATION ALONG SHALLOW COLD POOLS...BUT A
CONTROLLING MID LEVEL TROUGH WAS PROGRESSING...AND AT 10Z
PRECIPITATION WAS LESSENING AND THE BACK EDGE OF CONVECTION WAS
MOVING MORE STEADILY ALONG WITH THE MID LEVEL FLOW. THE WAVE AND
ASSOCIATED SURFACE OUTFLOW...ALONG WITH DIURNAL SEA
BREEZE...SHOULD YIELD ADDITIONAL THUNDERSTORMS BY MIDDAY. THE NAM
WAS MUCH TOO FAR NORTH...AND THE OTHER HIGH RESOLUTION MODELS WERE
SLIGHTLY TOO FAR NORTH WITH THE ACTIVITY. WE GENERALLY LIKED THE
PROGRESSION OF THESE FEATURES AS SEEN IN THE 00Z ARW...NMM...AND
NAM CONEST...SUGGESTING ORGANIZED AFTERNOON CONVECTION OVER SE GA
AND N FL. THE MODELS HAVE TRENDED TOWARD MORE PRECIPITATION IN
THAT AREA.

BACK TO THE WEST THE MODELS WERE NOT AT ALL HANDLING THE
INSTABILITY-DRIVEN MCS OVER OKLAHOMA. THESE STORMS WERE FORCED
MORE BY LOW LEVEL INFLUENCES...SUCH AS A WEST TO EAST
BOUNDARY/TROUGH...A NORTH TO SOUTH ORIENTED EDGE OF DEEPER
MOISTURE...AND SUSTAINED (THOUGH NOT STRONG) INFLOW FROM THE
UNSTABLE SOURCE REGION THAT HAD BUILT UP OVER SOUTHERN OK AND MUCH
OF TX ON TUESDAY. THE HRRR HAD BEEN VERY SLOW TO CATCH ONTO THE
LONGEVITY OF THIS MCS...AND THE 00Z HI-RES MODELS OFFERED ONLY
HINTS. AS OF 10Z...HOWEVER...DEEP CONVECTION HAD
DISSIPATED...LEAVING ONLY A REMNANT MCV AND STRATIFORM
PRECIPITATION. THIS MCV...ALONG WITH A SHORTWAVE IN THE SOUTHERN
BRANCH OF THE JET WILL MOVE INTO ARKANSAS AND FAR NORTHEAST TEXAS
DURING THE DAY...LIKELY LEADING TO ADDITIONAL AFTERNOON
THUNDERSTORMS. DOWNSTREAM...CONVECTION MAY AGAIN BE SUPPORTED BY
THE NOW REINFORCED BOUNDARY ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST STATES...BUT
MODELS ARE NOT PLACING MUCH PRECIPITATION THERE WITH THE MORE
ORGANIZED MID LEVEL ASCENT HANGING BACK TO THE WEST. WE BLENDED
WPC QPF TOWARD A COMBINATION OF THE 00Z GFS/ECMWF AND WRF-ARW.
GENERALLY...THESE MODELS ALLOWED US TO GO WITH GREATER COVERAGE OF
QUARTER INCH-PLUS PRECIPITATION GIVEN THE FAVORABLE THERMODYNAMIC
ENVIRONMENT AND MODESTLY FAVORABLE MID LEVEL FORCING.

THIS MODEL PREFERENCE INCLUDED ACTIVITY EXPECTED DOWN IN SOUTH AND
SOUTHEAST TEXAS WHERE MODEL TRENDS ARE TOWARD GREATER COVERAGE OF
MEANINGFUL PRECIPITATION AS THE SOUTHERN STREAM SYSTEM EMERGES
FROM NORTHERN MEXICO. TRENDS IN THE HRRR SUPPORT THE NOTION OF AN
ORGANIZED MCS TRACKING BETWEEN DEL RIO AND HOUSTON. ALTHOUGH
TIMING AND EXACT PLACEMENT ARE UNCERTAIN...THE PARENT WAVE ALOFT
IS RATHER SHARP AND CAPABLE OF ENHANCING LAPSE RATES THROUGH LIFT
AND COOLING. THE MCS NOW SEEN IN CONSECUTIVE HRRR RUNS HAS BEEN
HINTED IN MULTIPLE CYCLES OF THE ECMWF AND CANADIAN GEM REGIONAL
MODEL...GIVING US AT LEAST MODERATE CONFIDENCE IN THE EVENT...IF
NOT IN THE DETAILS OF TIMING AND PLACEMENT.


...CENTRAL PLAINS TO THE UPPER MIDWEST...

A CYCLONE TRACKING ACROSS SOUTHERN CANADA WILL PUSH A SHARPLY
DEFINED COLD FRONT INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND MIDWEST. GULF
MOISTURE WILL RUSH NORTH TO MEET THE FRONT...AND A WELL ADVERTISED
EVENT INVOLVING STRONG CONVECTIVE STORMS IS FORECAST FROM THE
AFTERNOON THROUGH WEDNESDAY NIGHT. CONVECTION SHOULD HAVE NO
TROUBLE IN BECOMING RATHER WELL ORGANIZED BY EVENING. WPC QPF
TENDED TO LEAN TOWARD A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF WITH THE 00Z
WRF-ARW AND NAM CONEST. WE KEPT A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF CONTINUITY
FOR THE TIME BEING AS WELL...AFTER SEEING LITTLE CHANGE IN THE
MODELS. THERE ARE SOME SOLUTIONS WHOSE MAXIMUM PRECIPITATION FALLS
OUT FARTHER NORTH...BUT WE PREFERRED THE MODELS THAT SHOWED
PLACEMENT FARTHER SOUTH AND WEST TOWARD THE GRADIENTS OF
INSTABILITY AND MOISTURE COMING UP THROUGH CENTRAL/EASTERN KS INTO
ADJACENT NE/IA/MO. MORE IS DISCUSSED IN THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
OUTLOOK WHERE WE MAINTAINED A SLIGHT RISK OVER THIS REGION.


...WESTERN U.S...

A MID LATITUDE CYCLONE WILL TRACK THROUGH SOUTHERN CANADA...WHILE
THE ROCKIES AND INTERMOUNTAIN REGION WILL CATCH MODERATE HEIGHT
FALLS WITHIN THE DRIER NORTHWESTERLY FETCH BEHIND THE SYSTEM.
MEANWHILE A STRONG PACIFIC SHORTWAVE TRACKING AT A MORE SOUTHERLY
LATITUDE WILL ENTER NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA. DESPITE THE
PRESENCE OF VERY LITTLE MOISTURE...ROBUST HEIGHT FALLS COUPLED
WITH RELATIVELY STEEP LAPSE RATES AND OROGRAPHICS SHOULD STILL
FOSTER NUMEROUS SHOWERS WITH SOME SPOTTY AMOUNTS IN EXCESS OF A
0.25 INCH LIQUID. MODELS FORM A GOOD CONSENSUS HERE...ESPECIALLY
THE GFS/ECMWF AND CANADIAN GEM REGIONAL MODEL.


DAYS 2/3...

...PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES...

VIGOROUS SHORTWAVE ENERGY AND AN ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT APPROACHING
THE WEST COAST WILL BRING PRECIPITATION INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
BY EARLY FRIDAY.  MODEST ONSHORE FLOW AND OROGRAPHIC EFFECTS
SHOULD LEAD TO MODERATE TOTALS OVER THE OLYMPICS...BUT AMOUNTS
WILL BE LIGHTER FARTHER INLAND AS THE ENERGY DAMPENS OUT WHILE
CROSSING THE NORTHWEST.  MODELS WERE IN FAIRLY GOOD
AGREEMENT...AND THE WPC FORECAST WAS BASED ON A GENERAL MODEL
COMPROMISE WITH AMOUNTS BOOSTED OVER THE TERRAIN. 

...CENTRAL GREAT BASIN/ROCKIES/ADJACENT HIGH PLAINS...

A MID-LEVEL TROUGH WILL TRIGGER PRECIPITATION WHILE MOVING INLAND
OVER THE CENTRAL GREAT BASIN AND ROCKIES THURSDAY INTO FRIDAY. 
DESPITE A LIMITED MOISTURE SUPPLY...WINDS STRENGTHENING AROUND A
DEEPENING LEE SURFACE LOW SHOULD FORCE DECENT UPSLOPE
PRECIPITATION ALONG THE FRONT RANGE OF THE COLORADO ROCKIES AND
ADJACENT HIGH PLAINS.  THE WPC FORECAST WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF
THE AGREEABLE GFS/ECMWF.    


...MIDDLE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY THROUGH THE OHIO-TENNESSEE
VALLEYS/GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

SIGNIFICANT MOISTURE RETURN OUT OF THE GULF OF MEXICO WILL SET THE
STAGE FOR A WIDESPREAD PRECIPITATION EVENT FROM THE MIDDLE
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY TO THE NORTHEAST LATE THIS WEEK.  THE INITIAL
CONCERN WILL BE WITH AN ORGANIZED AXIS OF CONVECTION AND HEAVY
RAINS BREAKING OUT WITH A COLD FRONT DROPPING SOUTHEASTWARD OUT OF
THE UPPER MIDWEST ON THURSDAY.  THE BOUNDARY IS EXPECTED TO SLOW
DOWN BEFORE CLEARING THE OHIO RIVER VALLEY...AND THEN THE FOCUS
WILL BE WITH A SHORTWAVE TROUGH EJECTING OUT INTO THE CENTRAL
PLAINS AND AN ASSOCIATED SURFACE CYCLONE SPINNING UP OVER THE
MIDDLE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.  A BAND OF WARM ADVECTION PRECIPITATION
WILL SET UP TO THE EAST OF THE LOW TRACK...AND AS THE LOW DEEPENS
WHILE LIFTING INTO THE NORTHEAST FRIDAY NIGHT...A DECENT
DEFORMATION ZONE SHOULD SET UP OVER THE LOWER GREAT LAKES AND
INTERIOR NEW ENGLAND.  ALSO...CONVECTIVE PRECIPITATION WILL BE
POSSIBLE WITH THE TRAILING COLD FRONT PUSHING THROUGH THE
TENNESSEE AND LOWER MISSISSIPPI VALLEY.

MODELS ARE STILL SHOWING A STRONG SIGNAL FOR RAINFALL AMOUNTS TO
POSSIBLY EXCEED FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES FROM SOUTHEAST
MISSOURI INTO OHIO ON THURSDAY...SO MINIMAL CHANGES WERE MADE TO
THE DAY 2 SLIGHT RISK AREA.  A MODERATE RISK WAS INTRODUCED OVER
THE LOWER OHIO RIVER VALLEY...WHERE MULTIPLE ROUNDS OF HEAVY
PRECIPITATION COULD IMPACT THE REGION EARLY FRIDAY.  ON DAY
3...THE SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS SHIFTED SLIGHTLY SOUTH AND EAST.

MODELS WERE IN FAIRLY GOOD AGREEMENT WITH THE HEAVY PRECIPITATION
AXIS ACROSS THE OHIO VALLEY ON DAY 2...BUT MODELS BEGIN TO DIVERGE
WITH PRECIPITATION DEVELOPING WITH THE DEEP SURFACE CYCLONE
TRACKING INTO THE NORTHEAST DAY 3.  THE ECMWF APPEARS TO BE A
NORTHWESTERN OUTLIER WITH THE LOW TRACK/PRECIPITATION...SO THE WPC
FORECAST RELIED ON A BLEND OF THE GFS/UKMET/IN-HOUSE PSEUDO BIAS
CORRECTED ENSEMBLE MEAN.

FOR SNOW IMPACTS WITH THIS EVENT...PLEASE REFER TO THE WWD PRODUCT
SUITE.


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

BURKE/GERHARDT

24HR QP VT 02/12Z
 0.01 527185 524175 522170 520165 522159 519154 511147 506144
      501143 493132 476116 475109 474103 469095 465097 460097
      451091 446089 443086 438080 439078 444078 449081 453081
      453078 447070 441068 436069 434073 434079 436084 435087
      432089 429087 424089 425093 428097 430102 424104 421105
      421107 424112 428116 436118 439117 442120 444122 444125
      443130 440136 437139 436147 435155 437160 441165 444171
      446173 446178 441182 438187 436192 437199 442203 446204
      449202 451202 452206 449212 444212 432209 430201 429193
      431185 425183 424179 421178 416181 409187 405190 400191
      392190 382190 382195 386198 404213 409209 412207 416208
      422211 423213 424215 422217 420220 416221 412224 411231
      406231 405234 406237 409240 415243 420245 425249 431251
      438252 448251 454250 458250 461251 466253 471256 479257
      485259 490263 495266 498262 499257 498254 496247 496241
      499242 503248 506252 507259 509265 511267 515268 517262
      516255 517247 516240 515233 513228 508218 503205 501201
      499202 494199 491198 489200 485203 476205 471205 467206
      463207 460202 461194 464188 465180 468175 469172 473171
      478175 484177 490178 496180 498182 501183 507185 513189
      521191 524191 526189 527185
 0.01 536997 535988 535981 534977 528972 522978 515991 506008
      503013 501018 500015 500012 500998 499993 495992 493993
      491996 487002 485007 484013 483017 482025 482035 484044
      485050 486055 489066 484070 481079 480084 480089 481093
      480097 484102 487110 492114 496113 498110 502103 502098
      504094 504091 506088 506085 505078 506070 507067 508061
      507051 504041 506037 510035 520027 525021 530013 534006
      536997
 0.01 493820 493809 492796 490787 486781 482774 477768 472763
      467759 460758 456760 450762 447765 443766 440768 435770
      430771 426773 424774 424778 427781 431788 437795 439797
      439801 437803 437809 437817 439827 452858 446864 435865
      428862 422859 418856 412851 404848 401848 398849 394856
      393863 394875 394886 392894 389901 383894 379889 373886
      364889 359889 354888 349883 343876 339871 332865 328865
      328871 326873 324874 319875 318881 320890 323896 326904
      322923 321927 319930 313934 310935 306933 302932 299935
      295942 289946 266971 258971 256973 255976 259982 266982
      270983 273987 276993 277999 276004 275014 274019 274024
      277027 282027 296018 299016 301012 305006 308997 307993
      304987 303985 306986 310991 311992 315990 321986 325982
      327979 330980 328984 327989 326992 329995 339986 341982
      339978 336970 340961 346956 355953 366952 368950 369952
      368956 367966 366972 366977 364980 359983 356990 353998
      357003 362005 366005 374003 379002 382002 384004 386013
      389023 391034 387044 378046 376048 375052 379057 383063
      383068 381072 380069 378070 376069 374071 374076 375082
      378083 383085 385088 388089 389086 389083 394081 398081
      403082 407082 411080 418075 420069 419066 415063 413059
      416054 415044 414036 414026 411017 406011 402006 400003
      402999 408995 414991 428979 441966 446961 451954 454953
      456955 461950 464944 466941 466937 464931 465925 467919
      470915 473919 475922 479925 483925 487925 492919 493914
      493906 492892 491887 491883 492881 494877 495870 493855
      492848 490845 493820
 0.01 430807 430805 429802 427800 425800 423800 422800 420800
      418800 417801 415802 414805 415807 415808 417809 419809
      421809 422809 424809 426809 428808 429808 430807
 0.01 426063 427061 427058 427057 425056 423055 423058 423060
      423062 422065 423065 424063 426063 426063
 0.01 410112 412107 411101 406095 404104 397103 392119 394122
      398124 395129 392132 387134 383136 381140 385152 389153
      391156 392159 392163 388166 388169 391172 393175 396175
      399166 402155 404144 403132 406123 410112 410112
 0.01 384927 385925 385922 384921 383922 382923 381925 381927
      381929 382931 383929 384928 384927
 0.01 379873 378865 375860 372856 369849 364838 361833 357828
      352828 348833 346838 341842 339847 340851 341854 343859
      348863 352865 358868 362870 366876 369880 374882 377880
      379873
 0.01 331828 331824 329819 325810 322801 318798 314797 306795
      299790 293786 290788 291795 292797 289797 284795 279795
      275797 273800 274806 277809 282815 287825 293828 299835
      305839 309841 314842 317843 320846 325847 327844 330835
      331828
 0.25 526005 527002 526000 526999 524999 523001 522002 521003
      520004 519005 518007 518008 517009 517012 518014 519014
      521013 521012 522011 523010 524008 525007 526005 526005
 0.25 492250 492248 491246 491245 490243 488243 487243 486244
      485246 486246 487248 488249 489251 490252 492250
 0.25 484243 483242 482239 481237 480236 479235 478234 476234
      475234 474235 473236 472239 473241 473242 474243 476244
      478244 479245 481245 483245 483244 484243
 0.25 488221 488216 487213 484210 481209 477210 476210 473211
      471213 468215 468217 469220 473219 475219 478219 481220
      485221 488221
 0.25 488139 487137 487136 486135 484135 482135 481134 479133
      478132 476132 474133 474134 474136 473138 474139 475140
      477140 478140 480141 482141 483141 485142 486141 487140
      488139
 0.25 483859 483850 482839 481830 479822 477816 475808 479805
      480800 478797 475792 469789 465793 463800 463804 464808
      463813 462821 464830 465838 465849 467857 469865 472868
      474868 473865 478864 483859
 0.25 461240 461238 460237 458236 457236 455236 453237 451237
      449236 448237 447238 447241 449241 451241 452241 454241
      456240 458240 459240 461240
 0.25 469155 470150 468147 466146 463145 460146 459148 457152
      457153 458157 458158 461157 465157 467156 469155
 0.25 459222 459220 456219 454218 450219 448219 445220 443221
      443223 446225 449226 451225 455225 458224 459222
 0.25 454103 452097 449095 445095 440092 437093 436095 435103
      440108 439105 441105 442108 443111 445109 449111 449108
      446106 448104 451104 454103
 0.25 451937 451933 451930 447927 443923 441921 440916 439910
      440904 439901 437897 433897 424900 417902 413905 410909
      405910 401907 396909 394914 393922 391929 389934 384943
      379954 377961 378968 382974 386977 394983 407981 412981
      417979 425971 432964 439954 451937
 0.25 407058 407057 407056 406054 406053 404052 402052 400053
      400055 400056 401058 402059 404060 405060 407059 407058
 0.25 402072 402069 401068 400068 398069 397071 397072 399073
      401072 402072
 0.25 375909 376903 373899 369898 365899 357902 352903 347900
      344898 342898 341900 339910 336920 330927 318939 314945
      312949 312954 315957 319956 323957 328956 333950 339943
      341940 345940 355937 362933 365930 367925 373920 375909
 0.25 318821 317814 313811 306810 300809 295807 292809 295814
      299819 303822 307825 312823 316823 318821
 0.25 310958 310952 305949 300950 294953 287960 284965 281972
      280978 281985 283999 285005 288008 293005 293998 293983
      295978 301975 304972 308966 310958
 0.50 442945 442939 439938 437940 430948 426952 426949 428935
      430930 430923 428916 422915 411916 405917 401919 398922
      395927 390938 386946 383952 381958 382964 385968 388969
      391968 393966 394970 395975 398977 404976 409974 412970
      414971 415975 417975 421971 434957 438951 442945
 0.50 362918 362916 360914 359914 357914 355915 353915 352916
      351917 351919 350921 350923 350925 351927 352928 353928
      354927 355927 357925 359923 361921 362919 362918
 0.50 334943 336939 334934 332932 330932 328933 326935 325937
      323939 321941 319943 317947 321949 323950 327950 328949
      330947 332945 334943
 0.50 305960 305955 301955 296958 292959 290962 286969 284976
      284987 285989 288993 290989 289987 288977 291973 294972
      300968 302966 304962 305960
 1.00 431954 432952 431951 431952 430953 429954 428956 427957
      426958 426959 424961 424964 426962 427961 428959 430957
      431954 431954
 1.00 421952 422943 422938 419936 416937 415934 414930 412928
      407926 404925 400926 397930 394936 389947 386953 385961
      387966 391962 395958 398958 400961 400966 402971 407970
      412966 415963 419957 421952
 1.50 413961 412956 410952 408950 409946 411938 410935 407936
      400938 395945 393947 395949 400952 404959 404964 405969
      410965 413961
 1.50 389956 390954 389954 389956 389957 389956
 2.00 409963 408961 407960 407961 407962 409963 409963 

24HR QP VT 03/12Z
 0.01 529737 526726 523716 522710 518705 513700 513688 511683
      508679 496667 484655 478648 472641 467639 463639 453640
      448639 445642 437650 434654 432658 431669 432680 435694
      434703 431712 424719 417724 411732 405738 400740 396744
      391751 388755 386759 383772 380783 376792 371800 369804
      366805 362798 359794 354794 348796 341801 334805 328807
      324810 320812 313813 307813 301813 282810 276811 271813
      268816 266820 267825 270828 273830 278832 288832 295835
      303839 309843 318847 324854 327861 328868 327874 326879
      325883 322887 318890 305902 299910 301922 303926 306928
      312928 316930 315935 312939 307945 305947 305952 304959
      304965 306970 311971 314973 319973 325973 329971 335967
      343963 348961 352963 359963 364966 367967 368970 369974
      372985 372999 373012 373026 373031 373035 369045 367049
      365051 361052 357055 358056 361056 365056 370055 375056
      377059 375062 370061 366063 367065 370069 372072 372076
      373081 375086 378090 382092 385094 388094 390098 395101
      396105 390110 382113 378116 375123 373127 374130 376132
      379131 385125 392122 399118 403117 408118 415123 421124
      425123 433119 437118 441120 443122 442125 440131 436138
      436144 434151 435156 439159 444161 448164 451175 453179
      453186 455186 458183 461181 463177 461167 466164 468165
      471168 479170 484172 488175 492176 495174 497174 498170
      496166 494160 494155 499150 505151 507148 505142 502139
      494132 487125 483122 481117 478112 476106 472100 468092
      461087 457085 455081 450072 448069 443067 440067 436069
      432072 434076 437074 442076 449084 448087 446088 440087
      431083 429078 428071 429068 429060 428054 425050 422046
      421041 421035 422028 422014 422007 421002 419999 413996
      410995 408989 407966 405953 403947 401943 401940 404939
      408936 414930 427914 432906 438897 441890 444886 447882
 0.01 447882 461872 463872 464875 462880 463886 466888 470888
      473884 478877 483869 485864 487859 487847 485844 480844
      478841 479838 479833 482822 490803 496797 501789 507782
      511774 517768 522766 525762 526752 528740 529737
 0.01 516264 515258 513253 508243 503233 498222 497216 493213
      481209 477207 474209 466214 447216 442218 442221 444223
      447224 452223 455222 459225 464225 468222 471219 476218
      486223 491226 493231 495237 499241 503251 507261 512267
      516264
 0.01 537907 537893 535888 535883 532872 530869 527868 520863
      514864 506869 502870 499873 493888 487894 480899 476905
      475910 475916 475923 477929 479933 479939 482947 486952
      489957 491960 490964 489970 489975 489981 487985 487998
      487005 486010 488012 488018 489023 489028 491033 494041
      498049 503055 510055 513051 514047 515042 515033 516027
      514022 514009 513004 513997 514968 515957 517950 519947
      525940 528934 531928 533920 535916 536912 537907
 0.01 510281 507272 504265 495249 491242 483237 482233 479230
      476230 473232 465234 461233 457234 456238 458240 468243
      469246 466248 462256 463265 465269 468271 473273 475272
      477277 479280 485277 488275 493278 499283 502286 505285
      510281
 0.01 521194 522188 520183 518179 515175 512171 509168 506170
      505176 506180 509183 514185 517189 518194 521194
 0.01 493094 493089 493084 493081 492078 490075 489073 486070
      484070 482072 482075 483077 484080 485083 486088 487091
      489093 491094 493094
 0.01 445038 443036 441036 440036 441038 443041 445039 445038
 0.01 431185 430185 429184 427184 425186 424189 425189 427187
      428187 430186 431185
 0.01 421176 421174 421173 420173 418172 416172 415175 415177
      417178 417177 419176 421176 421176
 0.01 420159 420157 421154 421152 421150 421149 419149 417150
      416151 416153 415155 414158 413160 414162 415163 417163
      418161 419160 420159
 0.01 400141 399138 393137 390138 384138 382142 383145 385150
      386153 392154 394151 396147 399143 400141
 0.01 403102 403100 403097 404095 403093 403090 402089 400088
      399088 398087 397087 397090 397092 396094 396096 394098
      395101 397102 399103 400103 402103 403102
 0.01 354901 351901 348904 344906 341910 337913 335915 332919
      334921 337919 341917 344915 348912 351910 353905 354901
 0.25 505276 503269 500264 497258 494251 491245 490244 487244
      485251 486258 491262 493267 497273 501277 505276
 0.25 504712 504705 502700 498691 494685 489678 477665 472660
      464657 457656 450660 447665 446670 450679 454688 456692
      456699 450718 450723 450729 451736 449740 447743 445744
      437743 434744 431748 426755 422763 419767 414769 407773
      401777 391790 385797 383802 381807 379816 378828 370840
      366848 364858 362883 361905 359927 360940 363948 365951
      369954 374955 379953 388940 398928 407915 420901 425895
      430888 436872 444857 449847 453838 458820 460809 458803
      456801 450802 447800 446793 448783 450778 453775 460774
      465774 465782 467788 470789 477791 483786 487777 491767
      494758 502741 504734 502725 502720 503717 504712
 0.25 494143 492140 490138 489136 486134 484132 482130 479129
      478130 475131 474134 475136 477137 480138 484139 486141
      488143 492144 494143
 0.25 457118 455117 453116 452116 451117 451119 453119 455118
      457118 457118
 0.25 453100 452095 450094 443093 438090 434090 430087 427085
      423086 424091 426093 429096 434101 437102 440100 446100
      453100
 0.25 448075 447072 446072 445070 444070 443069 442069 442072
      443073 444075 446076 448076 448075
 0.25 422065 422058 420054 416045 414034 413022 412017 410014
      406012 402012 398012 397007 397998 394993 392997 390002
      387005 384008 383012 383024 384035 383040 381045 381051
      383054 386057 388061 387065 386071 386078 389082 393083
      395080 399078 404077 407076 412077 417074 419069 422065
 0.50 497263 497260 496257 495254 493251 492248 490245 487246
      487249 488254 489257 491260 493261 495263 497263
 0.50 491713 490706 488701 487691 485686 480678 473670 469669
      466669 461671 463674 467677 467680 470693 470701 469705
      466710 465715 462726 461736 461748 467757 472766 475768
      479765 482762 484758 485751 486745 483732 481727 481723
      483720 491713
 0.50 445766 446763 446761 445759 444756 442756 441757 439760
      439761 439762 438765 438766 438767 438770 438772 439773
      440773 442773 443771 444771 445769 445767 445766
 0.50 438820 437815 433812 428814 427817 424822 422827 422830
      424836 428836 431834 434830 436826 437822 438820
 0.50 432094 431093 430092 429091 428090 427091 428092 429093
      430094 431095 432094
 0.50 432873 432869 431866 428864 423869 421874 418881 415886
      414889 415892 418893 423888 427883 430878 432873
 0.50 427796 427790 424787 419785 409787 403791 394801 389809
      388817 384834 380843 376850 372855 369862 366872 365880
      363900 363913 363925 364936 366945 368948 373949 377948
      380945 389934 393928 398920 400913 400901 404882 410868
      412858 414847 415838 415828 418818 422811 425803 427796
 0.50 414064 415056 413050 411045 411038 408026 405022 398021
      394020 390021 388028 389036 389041 387047 389053 392057
      395069 398073 403071 407069 410070 412068 414064
 1.00 494259 493256 492253 491250 490250 490251 491253 491255
      491256 492258 493259 494259 494259
 1.00 413805 415802 413802 412805 411805 412807 413805 413805
 1.00 408056 408052 406050 404047 403046 399045 397047 395050
      395053 397055 399056 402057 404058 407058 408056
 1.00 406829 407819 407814 404811 401813 399817 396823 393829
      391837 390845 387852 383856 379860 373865 371871 368878
      367886 366895 366905 367909 370911 373908 373906 374897
      376893 379891 380891 381896 378903 375910 371915 369921
      369931 371938 373941 376940 380936 384932 389925 391920
      391905 393885 395880 398874 403857 404850 405843 406829
 1.50 395858 394854 390854 387859 384863 378868 375872 373878
      374880 377881 383879 388875 391870 392864 395858
 1.50 384922 384920 382918 382917 380917 380918 378920 378922
      377925 377927 379929 380929 381929 382928 383927 384925
      384924 384922
 1.50 372893 373891 373889 373887 372885 371887 370887 369889
      369891 368894 368896 368898 368902 369903 371901 371900
      372898 372896 372894 372893
 2.00 391860 390858 389859 387863 385865 384866 382868 380870
      379875 382875 384874 386872 387870 389866 390863 391860


24HR QP VT 04/12Z
 0.01 532214 533205 530202 529197 525183 517170 511154 492137
      488132 481130 477129 474130 471132 470135 479144 480146
      480152 477153 474151 469147 467144 463143 461145 461149
      462152 463158 459165 454169 450172 449175 450178 453179
      457182 462181 472171 479173 484178 487183 489186 493188
      492194 487199 482202 478203 476204 471207 466211 462213
      455214 447213 441216 440219 436220 435224 436228 428246
      431251 436253 437258 441259 445260 448259 461260 473260
      480263 487266 492274 496280 500282 503281 505279 512267
      514255 514244 513234 511226 511223 509219 505213 501209
      499206 500202 506198 510199 513202 516210 517214 520216
      527217 532214
 0.01 496652 495645 491641 485638 480639 468643 464644 462643
      455641 444636 428641 414645 403653 396661 388672 385677
      382681 374691 366701 361706 356710 340731 337735 335742
      333754 337768 343779 345783 345787 344790 344795 344799
      342802 338806 330818 325824 323829 288931 276950 272955
      268958 258965 248970 238980 237989 238996 247004 251008
      254012 261023 273026 279027 282025 286025 290025 292023
      295017 297010 297004 294985 297970 298967 300965 306962
      312962 316956 323947 327943 330937 334932 337930 339934
      349943 361948 370954 377963 382965 390966 395963 398959
      402954 405948 409933 411917 412910 413904 416903 419902
      422898 426893 429888 430881 430861 431853 430844 430834
      430829 430825 456776 461763 466751 476725 479708 485693
      491682 493675 497670 496659 496652
 0.01 497972 498963 497958 496954 494949 491944 484944 477944
      473946 466946 462949 462957 466962 470967 474970 477977
      480992 483997 485997 487995 490992 494987 496980 496975
      497972
 0.01 481062 482057 480054 479052 477049 475046 473046 470045
      467045 466048 468051 470053 471054 473056 474059 476061
      479062 481062
 0.01 484914 484907 482902 480897 477896 472897 470900 467905
      465910 460917 457925 457932 459937 460940 466940 472935
      476927 481919 484914
 0.01 451080 451078 451075 450075 448073 448072 446072 445070
      443069 441069 441072 443074 443075 444075 446077 448078
      449080 451081 451080
 0.01 448044 448041 447039 445038 443036 442035 440035 438035
      438038 439040 440041 441043 443044 444046 446046 448044
      448044
 0.01 426065 426063 427060 427058 426058 425056 425055 423053
      421055 423058 423060 422062 422065 422067 424067 426065
      426065
 0.01 415073 415070 414067 415065 413059 415056 413052 406050
      401046 396040 391036 382035 378035 375037 372044 368050
      366053 367054 371054 375054 382058 385065 385070 384073
      381073 379076 380078 381081 384084 385080 389081 397083
      402081 408075 413076 415073
 0.25 510251 510245 509240 505231 501222 498219 494215 492212
      489211 481212 477215 476217 479221 483222 486223 487228
      486234 482232 479228 477228 473229 469232 458240 465244
      474250 483254 489261 496267 499269 500266 499261 500254
      503253 508253 510251
 0.25 517188 515185 514179 513176 510174 505172 501171 500175
      503180 506182 509186 512189 515190 517188
 0.25 462703 462697 459694 457691 454690 440697 439692 439687
      441676 441670 440662 438658 434654 428654 425655 421657
      413661 407666 401672 397679 392687 389696 383712 377728
      375736 375747 376753 379757 381761 382768 382777 380787
      372800 366808 361815 350826 341839 337845 333853 326870
      323879 320885 316892 313902 312910 312916 313923 315926
      319926 325922 337908 346897 350892 357887 360889 362894
      365905 367914 371922 374924 379924 385920 389913 390908
      390901 390896 392891 394882 397879 401877 409871 413865
      415856 416845 415839 415833 416823 420814 423804 427796
      431789 435781 442766 456729 460716 462703
 0.25 282012 283008 282003 279999 275996 268995 260996 258000
      260005 263010 267015 272017 276017 281014 282012
 0.50 507248 506242 504238 501233 500228 498224 495221 492221
      492224 493230 495233 497239 499242 502246 506248 507248
 0.50 495257 494249 491244 488241 482239 479234 475232 473233
      471236 471241 473243 477247 484250 487254 491259 494259
      495257
 0.50 448724 447719 445716 442715 438716 434717 432715 430709
      429705 428693 429681 428673 425669 422670 417674 409676
      407677 405679 401685 397693 396697 396701 398701 399703
      397707 393715 390720 387728 386736 389739 389743 388751
      388762 388768 389771 390778 389783 386789 381795 377800
      373808 370814 365822 359827 354833 345844 341849 338856
      330873 326889 321904 321909 324912 327910 330907 338895
      343890 351884 361875 366874 370880 371902 372907 376909
      381907 383900 385891 386881 388872 391863 395855 398851
      398858 400864 402865 405864 409857 411849 411844 410840
      406833 406827 407824 415807 420792 426777 427768 427763
      429759 436754 441745 445734 448724
 1.00 414722 414720 414717 414715 413715 411716 410718 409721
      410723 410724 412724 414723 414722
 1.00 414753 415746 412744 409746 406749 403752 401755 400760
      403762 404769 407773 409773 411767 412763 413758 414753
 1.00 411791 411786 408784 406784 403787 399791 391794 387797
      383802 381806 381809 383818 382825 380832 378839 378845
      379850 382851 384850 388843 391828 392821 393817 396814
      403803 410792 411791
 1.00 381884 381881 379879 377880 376884 375887 375891 374895
      374896 376899 378897 379893 379891 381886 381884
 1.50 398802 397800 395799 393800 392800 390801 388803 388804
      388806 389807 390808 391808 392808 393808 394807 396806
      397805 397803 398802
 1.50 389826 390822 389817 386816 385820 384822 383827 382829
      382832 382836 384837 385835 387832 388829 389826