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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 0952Z Nov 01, 2014)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
552 AM EDT SAT NOV 01 2014


FINAL DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID NOV 01/1200 UTC THRU NOV 04/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR


MADE ONLY MINOR CHANGES TO THE PRELIM DAY 1 QPF BASED MOSTLY ON
LATEST MODEL GUIDANCE.

DAY 1...

...WESTERN STATES...

THE TREND OF SPLITTING THE H5 TROF AS IT COMES INTO THE WEST COAST
CONTINUES THIS MODEL RUN..WITH THE NORTHERN PORTION OF THE TROF
PUSHING WEAKLY INTO SOUTHWESTERN CANADA WHILE THE MUCH STRONGER
SOUTHERN PART OF THE TROF SWINGS INTO CA AND NV BY SATURDAY
MORNING AND THEN LIFTS NORTHEASTWARD THRU THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN
GREAT BASIN AND INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES BY SUNDAY MORNING. 
SIGNIFICANT HEIGHT FALLS ALONG WITH INCREASINGLY FAVORABLE UPPER
DIVERGENCE IN A BROAD AREA OF SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL PWS WILL
SUPPORT A LARGE AREA OF MODERATE TO ISOLATED HEAVIER PRECIPITATION
FROM THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN GREAT BASIN INTO THE NORTHERN
ROCKIES.  THE HEAVIEST PRECIPITATION TOTALS ARE LIKELY IN THE
EXPECTED COMMA HEAD/DEFORMATION BAND FROM NORTHWESTERN NV
NORTHEASTWARD INTO WESTERN MT..WITH THE HIGHER RESOLUTION QPFS
PREFERRED HERE.


...EASTERN STATES...

THE HIGHLY AMPLIFIED PATTERN WITH A STRONG WESTERN U.S. H5
TROF..STRONG CENTRAL U.S. H5 RIDGING AND STRONG DOWNSTREAM H5 TROF
MOVING THRU AND OFF THE EAST COAST WILL LEAD TO A WET PERIOD FROM
THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS NORTHEASTWARD INTO NEW ENGLAND THIS
PERIOD.  THRU AT LEAST THIS PERIOD..THE HIGHLY AMPLIFIED EASTERN
U.S. H5 TROF IS COMPRISED OF A VERY STRONG CLOSED H5 LOW WHICH
WILL SWING THRU SC EARLY TODAY AND BE OFF THE NC COAST BY
EVENING..BEFORE TURNING MORE NORTHEASTWARD INTO THE WESTERN
ATLANTIC SATURDAY NIGHT.  PRECEDING THIS SYSTEM IS A WEAKER BUT
DEFINEABLE S/WV NOW JUST OFF THE DELMARVA COASTS..WITH THIS S/WV
FORECAST TO LIFT GENERALLY NORTH-NORTHEASTWARD INTO EASTERN NEW
ENGLAND INTO THE LATER SATURDAY NIGHT HOURS.  VERY STRONG
FORCING/LIFT WITH THE SC/NC CLOSED H5 LOW WILL SUPPORT AN AXIS OF
MORE ORGANIZED RAINS FROM CENTRAL SC/NC EASTWARD TO THE NC AND
NORTHERN SC COASTS..WITH A VERY NARROW BAND OF HEAVIER SNOWS
PERSISTING IN THE UPSLOPE FLOW REGIME BACK IN WESTERN NC/EXTREME
EASTERN TN BEHIND THE H5 CLOSED LOW.  AS FOR THE WEAKER DELMARVA
H5 S/WV..A WEAK AREA OF SURFACE LOW PRESSURE ACOMPANYING IT WITH
SOME ATLANTIC INFLOW OF DEEPER MOISTURE WRAPPING BACK AROUND THIS
LOW WILL LEAD TO ENHANCED PRECIPITATION FROM NJ NORTHEASTWARD INTO
NEW ENGLAND..WITH RAINS EXPECTED UP INTO SOUTHEASTERN NEW ENGLAND
AND INCREASING SNOWS FARTHER INLAND FROM VT INTO ME.  THE NAM AND
TO A LESSER EXTENT THE GFS QPFS WERE A BIT TOO FAR WEST/TOO WET
INLAND..SO MANUAL QPF STUCK CLOSE TO THE IN-HOUSE PSEUDO BIAS
CORRECTED QPF AND THE UKMET HIRES QPF..BOTH OF WHICH SPLIT THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE NAM/GFS WESTERN OUTLIERS AND THE ECMWF
HIRES QPF WHICH WAS SOMEWHAT OF AN EASTERN OUTLIER.  PLEASE SEE
THE WINTER WEATHER GRAPHICS/QPFHSD FOR THE SNOWFALL DETAILS.



DAYS 2-3...



...NEW ENGLAND...

DEVELOPING SURFACE LOW PRESSURE WILL TRACK NEAR THE BENCHMARK OFF
THE NEW ENGLAND COAST EARLY ON DAY 2...CROSSING NOVA SCOTIA DURING
THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. THE 00Z ECMWF STILL APPEARS TO BE
JUST A BIT TOO FAR EAST WITH THE TRACK OF THE SURFACE LOW...WITH
THE 00Z NAM TOO FAR WEST. THE 00Z GFS HAS HAD THE BEST CONSISTENCY
WITH THIS SYSTEM FOR THE PAST FEW CYCLES...AND THE 00Z UKMET IS
CLOSE TO THE 00Z GFS SOLUTION. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS
BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z GFS/UKMET.

SURFACE LOW PRESSURE DEVELOPING ON A LOW LEVEL BAROCLINIC ZONE
STRETCHED FROM OFF THE MID ATLANTIC COAST TO JUST EAST OF THE
CENTRAL AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND COAST WILL DEEPEN AHEAD OF A
STRONG SHORT WAVE RIDING NORTH ON THE EASTERN EDGE OF A LONG WAVE
TROUGH OVER THE EASTERN UNITED STATES. THE SHORT WAVE SHOULD CLOSE
OFF OVER ME CLOSE TO 02/18Z...AND THE BEST MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC
FORCING SHOULD EXTEND ACROSS CENTRAL AND EASTERN ME DURING THIS
TIME. AS THE CLOSED LOW TRACKS INTO NEW BRUNSWICK DURING THE
SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD...THE BEST LIFT SHOULD FOLLOW. THE
STEADIEST PRECIPITATION SHOULD END BETWEEN 03/06 AND 03/12Z ACROSS
NORTHERN ME.

ALONG THE LINE OF BEST DEFORMATION...AN AXIS OF 0.75 TO 1.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ACROSS DOWNEAST ME...WITH THE 0.50 INCH
QPF CONTOUR STRETCHING BACK INTO SOUTHWEST ME. THE QPF AMOUNTS IN
THE AXIS ARE LESS THAN THE 00Z GFS...AND WERE TEMPERED BY THE 00Z
UKMET SOLUTION...WHICH TOOK THE BEST MID LEVEL LIFT FURTHER EAST
INTO EASTERN AND DOWNEAST ME. SNOW IS EXPECTED ACROSS PORTIONS OF
EASTERN AND POSSIBLY CENTRAL ME WITH THIS SYSTEM. PLEASE REFER TO
THE LATEST SUITE OF WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...GREAT LAKES/MIDWEST INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS...

MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY IN A DEEP MID LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW WILL
PRODUCE QPF ALONG AND AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT THAT WILL STRETCH FROM
THE GREAT LAKES AND MIDWEST INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS BY THE END OF
DAY 3. FOR THE MOST PART...THERE WAS FAIRLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT
WITH RESPECT TO THE PLACEMENT OF THE SURFACE FRONT...AS WELL AS
SHORT WAVES IN THE SOUTHWEST FLOW...THOUGH THE 00Z NAM/GFS
SOLUTION MAY TO BE TOO FAST ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF THE
FRONT. BECAUSE OF THIS...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED MAINLY ON A BLEND
OF THE 00Z ECMWF/UKMET.

A SHORT WAVE EJECTING FROM THE SOUTHWEST STATES WILL RIDE THROUGH
THE MID LEVEL FLOW...REACHING THE GREAT LAKES AND UPPER MIDWEST
DURING THE SECOND HALF OF DAY 3. AHEAD OF THE SHORT WAVE AND FRONT
THAT CROSSES THE REGION...A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
TRANSPORTS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 1.00 AND 1.25 INCHES
(WHICH IS ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) FROM MO INTO
MI. MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS THE MIDWEST AND GREAT LAKES SHOWED
MINIMAL SURFACE BASED INSTABILITY...BUT INDICATED SOME ELEVATED
INSTABILITY FROM NORTHER MO INTO SOUTHERN WI. ALONG THIS AXIS...A
STRIPE OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

FURTHER SOUTHWEST...A SECOND SHORT WAVE IN THE FLOW WILL AFFECT
THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PLAINS. THE FRONT BECOMES MORE PARALLEL
TO THE MID LEVEL FLOW HERE...AND AS A CONSEQUENCE THE FRONT SHOULD
BE MOVING MORE SLOWLY. A 35 TO 45 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW
PUMPS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES UP BETWEEN 1.25 AND 1.50 INCHES
(WHICH IS ALSO ABOUT TWO STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) ACROSS
NORTHEAST TX INTO SOUTHEAST OK AND NORTHWEST AR. MODEL SOUNDINGS
ACROSS TX...OK INTO WESTERN MO SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY...BUT
STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES SHOULD SUPPORT AT LEAST SCATTERED
CONVECTION AHEAD OF THE FRONT. GIVEN THE DEEP MOISTURE SOURCE AND
POTENTIAL FOR CONVECTION...A LARGE AREA OF 0.75 TO 1.25 INCHES OF
QPF WAS STRETCHED FROM NORTH TX THROUGH CENTRAL OK INTO SOUTHEAST
KS. THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE GENERALLY BETWEEN 2
AND 3 INCHES...SO WHILE LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS
POSSIBLE...ORGANIZED FLASH FLOODING IS NOT EXPECTED.


...CENTRAL/SOUTHERN ROCKIES/SOUTHWEST...

DEEP MOISTURE FROM ACROSS MEXICO WILL RIDE NORTHEAST AHEAD OF A
SURFACE LOW AND COLD FRONT EXTENDING FROM THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO
THE SOUTHWEST STATES ON DAY 2. THE MOISTURE AND IN SITU
INSTABILITY SHOULD FUEL SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS THE SOUTHWEST
STATES...WHILE LOW LEVEL CONVERGENCE AND UPSLOPE SHOULD FEED MORE
STRATIFORM PRECIPITATION PROCESSES ACROSS THE ROCKIES OF CO. FOR
THE MOST PART...THERE WAS DECENT MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE
PROGRESSION OF EVENTS ON DAY 2...BUT MUCH OF THE GUIDANCE APPEARS
TO BECOME TOO PROGRESSIVE WITH THE SOUTHERN STREAM SHORT WAVE THAT
AIDS IN CYCLOGENESIS OVER EASTERN CO LATER IN THE PERIOD. WITH
THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON THE 00Z
ECMWF...WITH SOME 21Z SREF USED TO BETTER DELINEATE THE HIGHER
TERRAIN QPF MAXIMA.

A SHORT WAVE ROUNDING THE BOTTOM OF A POSITIVELY TILTED TROUGH
OVER THE WEST COAST STREAKS ACROSS THE AZ ON ITS WAY TO EASTERN CO
BY THE END OF DAY 2. THE SHORT WAVE...AND ITS DIVERGENCE...HELPS
TO INDUCE CYCLOGENESIS OVER EASTERN CO AFTER 03/00Z. AS THE
SURFACE LOW STARTS TO DEVELOP... WEAK UPSLOPE AND STRONG DYNAMIC
LIFT MAKE THE MOST OF THE AVAILABLE MOISTURE TO PRODUCE A LARGE
AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS EASTERN UT AND MUCH OF
WESTERN AND CENTRAL CO...WITH LOCAL 0.75 INCH AMOUNTS OVER THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF THE CENTRAL CO ROCKIES. 

FURTHER SOUTH...PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR AN INCH IN
THE LOW LEVEL SOUTH SOUTHWEST FLOW ACROSS PORTIONS OF EASTERN AZ
AND WESTERN NM. THE DEEPER MOISTURE COMBINES WITH MARGINAL
INSTABILITY (DUE LARGELY TO STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES) TO
PRODUCE AT LEAST SCATTERED CONVECTION ACROSS MUCH OF NORTHERN AND
EASTERN AZ...AS WELL AS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF NM. IN THESE
LOCATIONS...LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES QPF AMOUNTS WERE
PLACED...WITH THE HIGHEST AMOUNTS IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN.

SNOWFALL IS EXPECTED ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OF CO ON DAY 2.
PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR
MORE INFORMATION.


...PACIFIC NORTHWEST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM PRODUCES QPF ACROSS THE NORTHERN ROCKIES
ON DAY 2...WHILE WEAK SHORT WAVES IN A QUASI ZONAL FLOW PRODUCE
QPF ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. THE MID LEVEL FLOW INCREASES
ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON DAY 3...AS DEEPER MOISTURE WITH A
SOURCE NORTH OF HI IS TRANSPORTED INTO THE REGION. THE 00Z
ECMWF/UKMET COMBINATION SEEMS TO BEST CAPTURE THE SHORT WAVE
ENERGY AND DEEPER MOISTURE THAT AFFECTS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST...SO
THE WPC QPF HERE WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THESE TWO MODEL
SOLUTIONS. SOME 21Z SREF MEAN WAS USED TO BETTER DELINEATE HIGHER
TERRAIN QPF ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST...MAINLY ON DAY 3.

EARLY ON DAY 2...A CLOSED MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSING CENTRAL MT
OPENS UP AS IT TRACKS INTO NORTHWEST ND BY THE END OF THE PERIOD.
THE DYNAMIC LIFT ASSOCIATED WITH THE MID LEVEL SYSTEM...AS WELL AS
UPSLOPE FLOW BEHIND A SURFACE LOW...SHOULD RESULT IN AN AXIS OF
0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF STRETCHING FROM THE GRAND TETONS IN
NORTHWEST WY ALONG THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT. THE LAST
REMNANT OF A MID LEVEL TROWAL CROSSING NORTHWEST MT EARLY COULD
RESULT IN A SMALL AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF THERE.

FURTHER WEST...A SERIES OF SHORT WAVES IN A QUASI ZONAL FLOW
ACROSS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST IS EXPECTED TO INTERACT WITH MOISTURE
IN THE FLOW TO PRODUCE QPF ACROSS WESTERN WA AND NORTHWEST OR ON
DAY 2. A 15 TO 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL WESTERLY FLOW WILL HELP TRANSPORT
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75 AND 1.00 INCHES TO THE WA
COAST BETWEEN 03/06Z AND 03/12Z. THE LOW LEVEL FLOW FOCUSES THE
MOISTURE IN THE HIGHER TERRAIN...AND A LARGE AREA OF 0.25 TO 0.50
INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED ACROSS MUCH OF WESTERN WA.

A STRENGTHENING LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW AHEAD OF A PACIFIC FRONT
WILL TRANSPORT PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 1.25 INCHES (WHICH
IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE NORMAL) TO THE
WA AND OR COAST DURING DAY 3. THE MOISTURE IN THE FLOW HAS ITS
SOURCE OVER THE PACIFIC NORTH OF HI...AND THE MOISTURE IS WRUNG
OUT BY THE HIGHER TERRAIN...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE
PERIOD. THE MID LEVEL FORCING IS NOT PARTICULARLY STRONG...SO
UPSLOPE OF THE DEEP MOISTURE SHOULD BE THE PRIMARY DRIVER OF QPF.
AS MIGHT BE EXPECTED...THE HIGHEST QPF (CLOSE TO 3 INCHES) IS
EXPECTED ACROSS NORTHWEST WA...AS THE TERRAIN INTERCEPTS THE MOIST
FLOW. ENOUGH MOISTURE REMAINS IN THE WESTERLY FLOW TO PRODUCE A
SWATH OF 1.50 TO 2.00 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE CASCADES OF WA.


TERRY/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 02/12Z
 0.01 525256 521254 519251 515243 511238 503233 498234 495241
      493243 491242 489239 486239 483242 479246 473249 471253
      470258 470261 472267 465282 463284 462290 461295 462299
      467304 476307 490307 497310 502315
 0.01 488613 497621 501627 503637 504640 504645 505651 504655
      504660 503664 501671 495684 488694 484700 479704 467712
      454737 448749 444756 441764 438770 437776 432790 425804
      419816 411826 405828 403829 399830 387836 372842 346846
      345842 347838 349831 350828 348826 340828 334827 330823
      328817 325809 325805 323802 319798 316796 311797 304795
      300790 299782 297777 298770 300763 299754 299748 300745
      303738 309728 317719 320715 326711 336701 345691 352681
      356676 361672 370661 376655 381652 384648
 0.01 530093 531082 529076 525073 519072 513071 508075 504079
      499080 492083 486084 479084 474085 461084 449089 444090
      437090 433089 430087 427084 418075 416073 412073 407074
      400081 392080 388079 388084 383081 381078 385074 382072
      377061 378053 371052 361058 350057 348063 349066 352067
      360068 362074 364081 365084 368085 372091 374095 371097
      370101 366103 361106 355106 348107 344107 344109 346119
      338130 341134 347136 358135 357140 356144 354146 351152
      352159 356163 361166 366171 367173 366178 360178 354179
      350183 347183 346179 345170 341165 335162 327160 321158
      318159 314165 314169 320179 325191 328195 331200 335207
      340212 349220 353224 355227 359229 365239 374246 378249
      382250 384249 397251 404254 409257 416259 422259 428258
      434256 445254 451252 457247 460245 464241 465239 461238
      455236 449236 446235 446230 455228 464229 469232 477238
      480235 481229 482220 486215 491211 487209 478210 471212
      463213 453214 447212 449207 453202 463191 467189 476185
      486180 494176 504169 512162 515156 518150 521141 522137
      523131 525122 526108 530093
 0.01 436216 433214 429215 422219 410226 401224 395219 389213
      383208 375204 371203 367204 376216 378224 379228 383231
      388236 397240 406242 416244 423243 425234 427225 433218
      436216
 0.01 422766 421759 419752 416753 414755 409758 408761 407768
      409773 411777 416778 418775 417771 421768 422766
 0.01 381793 380789 379787 378785 376781 374779 372777 368778
      367780 366784 364787 366791 368792 370793 373794 375795
      379795 381793
 0.01 324135 324132 324130 322129 321130 320131 318131 318132
      319134 319135 321135 323135 324135
 0.25 513292 512289 511286 510285 510283 510281 510278 511276
      511273 512271 513271 514269 515268 516268 517268 518267
      520267 522267
 0.25 461623 470630 474634 477640 481647 479655 475669 471681
      468687 464692 455703 447712 438719 433723 427726 415734
      411738 407743 402755 398760 395764 389767 383764 376754
      372752 368754 359762 354766 353769 352775 351790 351797
      352806 349811 344816 339818 335814 338799 332789 325779
      322775 318772 315769 314765 315755 317749 320744 327735
      335723 342715 350707 360698 368690 381681 401668 411659
      421650 429641 434637 438631
 0.25 513147 514139 515130 515123 514116 511111 507108 500107
      495107 485108 473107 448103 429103 428112 430118 430126
      428132 417151 407152 403154 399154 395153 390144 387140
      383138 378134 375134 373136 371141 373146 376149 381152
      383156 381162 378167 379173 383179 387182 396189 399192
      399199 396204 395207 396210 401213 405212 413207 421202
      440193 448192 453190 458187 473174 480169 488164 496161
      502159 507156 511152 513147
 0.25 417123 418120 417117 414114 412110 411105 408100 405100
      402103 399106 396110 396114 399116 402119 408120 412122
      416124 417123
 0.25 388201 386198 383195 378192 374190 371188 366185 363184
      362187 364191 368194 372196 375198 380201 383202 387202
      388201
 0.25 385804 385802 383804 381804 380805 380807 382808 383807
      384807 385804 385804
 0.25 372815 371813 368811 362814 359819 356826 354830 352837
      352842 356839 360834 363829 367824 370820 372815
 0.25 335169 334167 332166 330166 329165 327165 328168 330169
      332169 333169 335169
 0.50 506140 507134 507127 505124 503121 499120 495120 488124
      484132 478136 472135 467133 462132 455134 450138 446140
      442138 440134 437130 431135 427143 424152 419159 413165
      409170 404176 401181 402187 405194 409196 414196 421193
      423191 423186 420183 421180 423169 428160 430161 433166
      435168 440169 447169 450172 448177 446180 446186 448187
      451187 457183 463176 464171 467168 473165 479162 492153
      500148 503145 506140
 0.50 470656 470652 468649 466649 464645 463639 458638 451642
      447645 443648 440653 438658 434661 424666 404680 388691
      368704 360710 353717 346724 338734 330752 328758 330766
      332773 334778 336785 338790 341793 344793 346791 348786
      349780 349772 351767 354762 357758 363751 373743 379742
      381743 382747 385752 388755 393755 397752 402743 405737
      409733 416726 425720 434715 443706 456690 462681 466669
      469663 470656
 0.50 362822 360824 359827 357830 356833 357833 359831 362825
      363823 362822
 1.00 474154 474151 472150 471149 469149 467149 466149 465149
      464150 462150 462151 462153 462154 463155 465156 465157
      467157 468157 470157 472156 474154 474154
 1.00 449682 446680 441681 439683 436682 433679 430678 422677
      415681 409686 397698 384708 368716 364722 358727 352732
      346739 339752 338756 337760 338769 340777 341783 343783
      344773 345767 347764 351758 356752 368741 374735 379730
      382723 385718 388716 394711 401709 406714 409716 415717
      429709 434703 438695 440690 443687 449682
 1.50 376726 376722 372720 368725 364730 360734 356737 353742
      353746 356747 361744 366740 369736 373731 376726 

24HR QP VT 03/12Z
 0.01 502317 502318 500319 498321 496323 494324 493325 492326
      491329 490330 489333 488335 488337 488338 486339
 0.01 542195 538195 532197 527184 522181 514178 510178 508180
      507185 508188 508194 509202 511210 512218 512221 509222
      506219 504215 498206 491203 485203 475204 472206 469206
      462206 453200 449203 451211 447214 442216 438219 439227
      440230 439233 435237 435242 430248 426249 422255 419260
      417263 415268 413270 413274 411283 412290 414299 417309
      418312
 0.01 565052 556070 548090 542099 536109 531121 528126 526134
      517151 512155 505159 502161 498160 496161 491160 481159
      479163 476167 472168 470167 466163 464159 460151 458148
      456150 455154 453154 452159 449163 444162 440158 439152
      437146 434143 431144 425153 424157 423162 417162 414163
      410164 406161 402160 399158 395156 393153 396147 402144
      406142 409138 411135 412132 412127 407126 404123 402120
      400118 397117 386137 380147 375150 371153 366158 364159
      359159 348156 343149 344139 342130 339120 337117 334117
      329116 325117 324113 323110 320108 309108 302110 275107
      262106 252100 247096 244093 243090 241086 240084 237084
      228082 228078 230075 236067 242063 249062 261063 265065
      271066 276066 281065 290062 294060 298055 299049 302046
      308038 311042 312044 315041 315031 314028 314022 325010
      331003 337999 340997 342997 344999 344008 338016 338021
      334025 330032 327035 330039 333043 336044 338043 348039
      358036 362033 365034 366038 367047 374049 378048 381051
      384054 387053 388049 391047 393043 398035 408024 414017
      417013 419008 424999 429992 432990 436990 436992 434998
      432003 429008 428014 433023 420061 418070 418077 420079
      422084 419088 418091 417097 417101 418104 422106 424105
      424102 423095 423090 425088 428084 432085 449091 458097
      462097 463095 466090 469087 470083 473080 473075 472071
      472066 474061 478057 489045 499036 505028 507024 511021
      513019 513023 516022 514016 511014 508009 505005 505988
      507985 509985 515986 521986 524986 527984 541974 544973
      547976 549974 549971 549963 546954 544950 541947 538945
      534944 527947 520952 512957 507962 500967 496970 491970
      489970 487967 486962 482945 482937 484932 499926 517921
      531915 539914 541916 545917 549921 553928 558941
 0.01 558941 559944 560947 560949 561952 561955 563957 563958
      563960 564963 564966 566969 566971 566974 566977 566980
      567982 568982
 0.01 523678 506686 491691 462707 458709 456711 447716 439717
      432718 423719 414719 407718 403723 398729 391736 385738
      379742 372748 377757 379759 379764 376765 374763 370763
      366762 359757 354755 350754 348756 340760 334767 327769
      325771 320772 317774 313775 307776 303775 295763 291757
      286749 285746 283743 283735 288711
 0.01 461180 461178 459177 458177 456174 456172 455169 453169
      451171 451173 451175 451176 452178 452181 454181 455182
      457182 459180 461180 461180
 0.01 441134 441132 440130 438129 437130 435131 435133 435136
      436138 438136 439136 441134
 0.01 427765 425763 427765 427765
 0.01 393794 393791 389792 388794 386797 384797 383800 381802
      380805 381805 383804 387802 388799 390799 392796 393794
 0.01 392913 393906 390904 382900 377899 374896 369891 365889
      361890 364899 367909 364918 366923 370925 378925 386922
      391915 392913
 0.01 331175 329166 324160 320157 317159 314161 309162 305159
      300158 295157 292159 295162 299163 310165 313169 314174
      314180 321178 329175 331175
 0.01 292972 292966 290964 287960 285961 280960 279955 276953
      272954 273958 276962 279964 281968 283972 286973 292973
      292972
 0.01 263800 261800 259797 257795 255795 253796 251798 248800
      246802 244803 246805 248805 252804 254803 257802 261801
      263800
 0.01 239098 239097 237097 236099 237100 238099 239098 239098
 0.25 516656 510660 506666 499676 494679 487683 477690 466698
      455704 450706 443707 431708 418707 413706 407703 402701
      394702 383706 376710 371714 368727 360738 356743 352745
      347742 342737 339733 334730 329726 326720 325712 326707
      336683 337682 365662 367662 369662 370662 372661 374661
      376660 377660 379659 381659 382658 384657 385657 386657
      387655 389654 390653 391653 392651 394650 395648 397647
      397646 398644
 0.25 522263 510240 503228 497218 495215 492217 490216 487212
      481211 470215 464212 460212 456216 455221 456226 456231
      452235 448239 447250 447256 449263 452277 456289 462301
      466312 470317 476319 480318 485315 489314 494309 497305
      499298 502293 505289 513288
 0.25 563040 563033 563026 560014 558007 556007 554009 550018
      545027 537037 517059 512064 505068 502070 500075 498082
      493089 490093 486095 481098 478104 474114 471127 471138
      473141 476142 491139 502134 525115 529110 534101 541086
      545079 550071 557059 561048 563040
 0.25 414066 414045 412041 409038 405040 401046 398053 396057
      393059 388061 381067 375064 370063 367065 367069 368072
      370075 374078 375087 377094 379097 383098 391097 399099
      403097 405094 406089 406084 410077 413073 413068 414066
 0.25 356122 357120 357118 356117 354116 353116 351116 349116
      348116 347118 346121 346122 347123 348124 350124 352125
      353124 354124 355123 356122
 0.25 338095 337093 336093 335093 334095 335095 336096 338095
 0.25 311094 313090 311086 306084 298083 293083 286083 281080
      275078 268077 262076 257075 254082 253089 253093 257095
      260098 267101 274101 280100 284102 296099 302099 307097
      311094
 0.50 512648 506654 502661 497669 491674 476682 470689 464694
      448701 437702 430702 423700 420698 417695 418687 422680
      426672 429665 428653 431646 437638 441630
 0.50 558043 556037 553035 550035 546037 543041 536051 530061
      528065 524071 518077 511087 504095 496103 493107 491112
      489121 487129 496130 502129 507127 513121 527103 534093
      539083 552064 554059 556053 558043
 0.50 518273 518268 515262 511254 509251 505247 502256 499259
      496256 492248 488244 485243 479248 476250 474255 473264
      475272 472269 472281 470283 470286 470292 473297 476306
      488291 493284 499280 503278 508277 514277 518273
 0.50 471241 470235 468231 467225 464221 461218 458222 459227
      459232 458237 458242 460246 463249 466247 469243 471241
 0.50 405074 405071 403070 400068 394067 389068 387070 386077
      385083 386088 389089 395087 397085 399081 402078 405074
 0.50 376682 375680 373679 369678 366680 364681 363683 362688
      362689 364691 366692 370693 373691 375689 376685 376682
 0.50 359720 358715 357710 356699 353690 351688 349688 346691
      343699 341709 339714 340720 344728 350736 355736 357733
      359729 360723 359720
 0.50 306091 304088 301085 296086 293088 287088 284086 275082
      264081 259081 257086 256090 258093 265097 267098 271098
      274098 280097 285099 292096 302094 306091
 1.00 500645 499641 495636 493634 490633 483640 480635 478632
      473635 468641 468646 464651 455655 448661 443667 440670
      436675 433683 432689 437693 443691 452690 460686 469681
      475676 482668 489664 496657 500648 500645
 1.00 286091 282089 279088 275088 271087 268087 264088 262091
      265093 271095 276095 282095 285093 286091
 1.50 472663 472659 470659 465661 462665 459669 456672 452674
      451679 453678 457675 461672 464669 468666 472663 472663
 1.50 277094 277092 276092 275091 273090 271090 269090 268091
      269092 270093 271093 272094 274094 276094 277094 

24HR QP VT 04/12Z
 0.01 536220 539199 539191 538186 537182 533173 528168 518159
      497142 486131 481127 475125 466123 461119 456119 452119
      449121 449124 452128 456133 459140 460142 460148 463158
      462168 463171 461175 460179 457179 451185 447192 440202
      431217 427233 426243 424252 420271 419283 418292 414310
 0.01 492612 499625 503631 506638 511654 511659 512665 511673
      508680 504684 492687 489688 487686 483682 476669 472661
      469656 460644 454631 453626
 0.01 500320 499321 497322 497323 496325 495327 495328 493329
      493332 492332 491334 490336 489338 488340
 0.01 567963 568951 567936 566928 564921 553898 541871 535862
      532857 528854 514853 512859 510866 507881 506888 503895
      501902 500906 499913 499919 500923 500929 492939 491944
      492949 528939 540945 542948 542952 544956 544962 542970
      539976 528978 525978 523981 520989 515003 513016 512027
      510032 509034 505038 502046 501056 501065 508072 513076
      518078 525079 531077 541070 544067 548064 552061 556057
      559053 563044 564035 565025 566006 566983 566972 566965
      567963
 0.01 505828 505822 504817 500803 496791 492776 488766 485755
      480749 478746 476743 473740 470739 462738 448734 444734
      441733 435733 430738 428745 432773 433779 433788 432802
      431809 429812 424820 419827 415832 410840 406845 396860
      379884 370898 359918 350931 341946 333958 326969 314982
      310989 305994 299999 296002 294006 292012 292018 291035
      289040 289045 288050 287055 281061 275065 261058 254054
      249048 244043 238039 236038 234034 233033 232037 228044
      227057 226072 227077 229083 237097 240102 244105 248105
      251103 256103 263105 269101 273099 278100 282101 283103
      286106 290106 296103 300104 303102 315090 319082 321073
      323067 323060 322057 329052 336047 341043 352035 366026
      372021 376016 385006 391000 398993 405986 412979 419973
      422970 425971 428975 431978 432981 430983 422987 415989
      411991 409994 406001 402008 399014 394021 390029 389033
      388039 387047 382048 371049 368050 367051 368057 376057
      379059 378062 374063 371061 364063 365066 367070 370077
      373084 382090 387094 394096 401100 403098 405093 408086
      416081 418079 421079 426084 429089 433090 439084 442080
      443077 436072 430068 427048 426045 426041 427034 430025
      436010 442995 449975 451970 454966 459954 460951 463950
      466947 474944 477937 480928 486908 492891 498874 501866
      502862 502857 504841 504833 505828
 0.01 268796 264792 260789 256791 254789 252792 250795 246796
      243799 242801 241805 241809 240815 242820 244818 246815
      247811 252808 259804 264798 268796
 0.25 510296 507299 502301 497304 492303 486303 480303 476304
      472309 469314 465319 461323 457326 455326
 0.25 524260 520252 517243 514237 512228 512221 515217 521215
      528215 532210 534204 534197 530189 522176 515169 509165
      498157 491150 489148 484148 479151 474156 473159 474164
      478172 483179 486185 488189 488194 482197 471204 459213
      454217 450222 449229 445232 442234 440239 438247 435257
      426300 424314
 0.25 525915 523912 521909 518908 515910 513911 511913 510916
      510919 512921 515921 518921 520920 523918 525915
 0.25 443892 443882 442880 439881 435883 434879 434876 430876
      425880 420887 417892 414894 415890 415883 414881 410881
      404881 397883 394885 390888 383898 377907 368925 359936
      353943 347951 341960 317995 311007 309012 308020 310024
      314027 319029 325030 332030 338028 343026 347022 361010
      377994 384988 393982 401974 409966 413957 417947 423933
      428923 433913 439904 442897 443892
 0.25 418034 419024 418016 417009 411011 406014 403019 401025
      400030 403037 406041 413040 415039 417036 418034
 0.25 404063 405058 405054 401049 395050 390053 386059 384065
      382072 384074 386076 394077 399074 401069 404063
 0.25 310081 310077 307076 300078 294078 291075 289073 285071
      276072 267071 258069 251065 244061 237058 235059 233062
      234067 235075 245086 251091 258095 263096 268097 276095
      285095 293093 302092 308088 310081
 0.50 522264 512240 507227 503215 498209 494205 490203 484202
      475207 467213 458221 456226 455231 446238 443242 441251
      439260 438267 439273 441278 444281 447279 450274 455272
      461275 472279 476278 481277 489280 493283 501291 504293
      507292 511287 517277 519276
 0.50 506177 505173 502172 496170 490168 486164 483158 480156
      478159 477162 478166 480171 485175 490178 495178 501178
      506177
 0.50 420931 420924 419921 413926 408929 404930 401929 402925
      398923 394923 391925 380931 369943 359951 350963 341973
      332986 329990 328000 325009 325016 325018 329020 336021
      339021 343018 348013 357005 367993 376983 387973 396964
      402959 408955 411954 413951 416944 420931
 0.50 291087 293083 290082 287079 282077 276076 263074 252071
      247070 242068 238068 236071 239076 246082 253088 261094
      271095 282093 289089 291087
 1.00 516264 516258 514253 511246 504229 500221 496214 492210
      488208 481208 475214 469219 462238 460243 461248 466252
      473254 479259 492271 498278 503281 507279 509275 514269
      516264
 1.00 489237 490234 490233 489231 488229 487227 485226 484227
      483229 482232 483234 484237 486238 487237 489237 489237
 1.00 451247 450245 448244 447246 448248 449248 451247
 1.00 382963 383957 382956 375958 369961 364965 359968 353970
      348975 344980 342986 344993 345997 344002 341006 339010
      341011 345007 353997 360987 369976 374972 379969 382963
 1.00 283088 283084 282082 276080 268079 263078 256076 252077
      252079 255083 259086 264090 269093 275091 280090 283088
 1.50 513263 513261 513259 513258 512255 512254 510252 509250
      508248 506248 505250 505252 505254 506255 506257 507258
      508260 509261 510262 511263 512264 513263
 1.50 502272 503268 502264 502259 500254 497250 492243 486243
      483244 481234 478229 475230 471233 471236 470240 471243
      474245 483245 484251 486256 491263 498270 502272
 1.50 498227 496222 493218 492214 487211 484212 480215 480219
      483219 488219 492222 494226 497229 498227
 1.50 280086 277083 273083 269083 264081 261079 257079 257082
      259083 262086 266088 269090 274090 278088 280086
 2.00 496262 497260 497257 497256 496255 495253 494251 492249
      491247 489247 488247 487249 486251 487252 488254 488255
      490257 490258 491259 492261 493261 494263 495263 496262
 2.00 479241 480239 480236 480234 479232 478231 476231 475232
      474234 473237 474238 474239 475241 476242 478242 479241
 3.00 478238 478236 477235 476237 477238 478238