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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Latest Discussion - Issued 2057Z Jul 30, 2014)
 
Version Selection
Versions back from latest:  0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   
 
Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
456 PM EDT WED JUL 30 2014


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JUL 31/0000 UTC THRU AUG 3/0000 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1...


...GREAT LAKES/OHIO VALLEY/NEW ENGLAND....

SHORT WAVES RIDING THROUGH THE MID LEVEL LONG WAVE TROUGH CENTERED
ACROSS ONTARIO AND QUEBEC WILL PROVIDE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT AHEAD
OF AND ALONG A FRONT MOVING THROUGH THE OH VALLEY...GREAT LAKES
AND NEW ENGLAND. THROUGH THIS EVENING...ACTIVITY AHEAD OF THE
FRONT WILL TAKE ADVANTAGE OF MARGINAL INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES NEAR 1.00 INCHES TO PRODUCE SCATTERED CONVECTION
ACROSS OH...WESTERN AND NORTHERN PA INTO WESTERN AND NORTHERN NY
STATE. THE CONVECTION SHOULD SUPPORT AREAS OF 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES
OF QPF...BUT LOCAL AMOUNTS NEAR AN INCH ARE POSSIBLE WITH STRONGER
CONVECTIVE CELLS THROUGH ABOUT 31/02Z.

WHILE ACTIVITY COULD REMAIN VIABLE ACROSS WESTERN AND NORTHERN NY
STATE INTO VT OVERNIGHT...THE ACTIVITY BECOMES REJUVENATED AFTER
31/15Z. A 20 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET PUSHES PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES
NEAR 1.10 INCHES INTO CENTRAL AND EASTERN NEW ENGLAND AHEAD OF THE
COLD FRONT AND THE STRONGEST SHORT WAVE IN THE LONG WAVE TROUGH
ACROSS THE NORTHEAST. CONVECTION SHOULD BECOME MORE WIDESPREAD IN
THE AFTERNOON ACROSS NORTHERN NEW YORK STATE...VT...NH AND THE
WESTERN HALF OF ME. LINES OF CONVECTION IN THE BEST LOW LEVEL
INFLOW SHOULD PRODUCE LINE OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF IN THE
HIGHER TERRAIN OF THEE LOCATIONS...WITH 0.50 INCH AMOUNTS POSSIBLE
IN THE MOUNTAINS OF WESTERN ME.


...FLORIDA...

CONVECTION AHEAD OF AND ALONG A COLD FRONT WEAKENING AND SLOWING
AS IT MOVES INTO CENTRAL FL WILL BE THE PRIMARY QPF DRIVER THROUGH
THIS EVENING...AND AGAIN THU AFTERNOON AND EVENING. THROUGH THIS
EVENING...LINES OF CONVECTION SHOULD BE TIED TO THE FRONTAL
POSITION ACROSS CENTRAL FL...WITH MORE SCATTERED ACTIVITY ACROSS
SOUTHERN FL. MODERATE INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES NEAR 2.00 INCHES SUPPORT A WIDESPREAD AREA OF 0.25 TO
0.50 INCHES OF ACROSS THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE STATE.

CONVECTION REDEVELOPS AHEAD OF THE FRONT ACROSS SOUTHERN FL LATE
THU MORNING AND EARLY THU AFTERNOON IN A MODERATELY UNSTABLE
AIRMASS WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 2.00 INCHES. A WEAK
MID LEVEL TROUGH WEST OF THE PENINSULA COULD AID CONVECTIVE
DEVELOPMENT IN THE FORM OF BETTER SYNOPTIC ASCENT....AND POSSIBLY
GREATER CONVECTIVE COVERAGE. ONCE AGAIN...THE BEST CONVECTIVE
POTENTIAL LIES JUST AHEAD OF THE FRONT (OR TROUGH...AS THE FRONT
BECOMES HARDER TO FIND). TOTAL DAY 1 QPF VALUES COULD REACH NEAR
AN INCH ACROSS SOUTHERNMOST FL AHEAD OF THE FRONT BY 31/00Z.


...SOUTHERN PLAINS/LOWER MS VALLEY...

THE ACTIVITY DRIVEN BY THE MCV OVER NORTH CENTRAL OK HAS
DIMINISHED IN COVERAGE AND INTENSITY AS THE AIRMASS HAS YET TO 
RECOVER FROM A CONVECTIVE STANDPOINT...EVEN IN THE PRESENCE OF
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES NEAR 2.00 INCHES. THE MCV SHOULD REMAIN
THE DRIVING FORCE WITH RESPECT TO LIFT...AIDED BY WEAK SHORT WAVES
DROPPING OUT OF THE ROCKIES INTO THE SOUTHERN PLAINS AFTER 31/00Z.
THERE IS A MULTI MODEL SIGNAL THAT THE LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW
BECOMES REINVIGORATED AFTER 31/0Z AS A 25 TO 35 KNOT LOW LEVEL JET
POINTS TOWARD EAST CENTRAL OK AND WEST CENTRAL AR. PRECIPITABLE
WATER VALUES REMAINS BETWEEN 1.75 AND 2.00 INCHES ON THE NOSE OF
THE LOW LEVEL JET...AND THE NAM SIMULATED IMAGERY SHOWS ANOTHER
MCS DEVELOPING ACROSS EAST CENTRAL OK AFTER 31/03Z. IT REACHES
PEAK INTENSITY NEAR 31/09Z IN EASTERN OK AND STARTS TO DIMINISH
WITH THE LOSS OF THE LOW LEVEL JET BEFORE 31/15Z. 
 
THERE IS A STRONG SIGNAL FOR A SWATH OF 2 TO 4 INCHES OF QPF IN
THIS AREA...WITH A PEAK NEAR 3.50 INCHES ACROSS WEST CENTRAL AR.
THERE WERE ALSO A NUMBER OF 12Z GEFS MEMBERS SHOWING THE POTENTIAL
FOR 4+ INCHES IN EAST CENTRAL OK AND WEST CENTRAL AR...SO A
MODERATE RISK WAS RETAINED HERE. IT WAS SURROUNDED BY A SLIGHT
RISK FOR THE REMAINDER OF EASTERN OK AND WESTERN AR.  AS WAS THE
CASE THIS AFTERNOON...THE CONVECTION WANES AS THE RAIN COOLED AIR
AHEAD OF THE MCV TRIES TO SUPPRESS ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY.


...CENTRAL/SOUTHERN ROCKIES...

THE AIRMASS ACROSS CENTRAL AND WESTERN CO IS STARTING TO RECOVER
AFTER THE ACTIVITY OF LAST NIGHT AND THIS MORNING...AS MLCAPES
INCREASE IN THE PRESENCE OF WEAK UPSLOPE. THE REJUVENATION OF THE
AIRMASS COULD SUPPORT CONVECTION THIS AFTERNOON INTO THE EVENING
HOURS...AND THE WATER VAPOR LOOP SHOWS AN APPROACHING WEAK SHORT
WAVE. THE COMBINATION OF SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT...MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES AROUND 1.10 INCHES COULD
RESULT IN LOCAL 1 INCH QPF AMOUNTS... MAINLY BEFORE 31/03Z. ONE
AND THE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES HERE ARE AS LOW AS 0.75
INCHES...DUE TO EARLIER HEAVY RAINFALL...SO A SLIGHT RISK WAS
RETAINED FOR THE ROCKIES IN CO AND FAR NORTHERN NM. AFTER
03Z...HIGH RESOLUTION MODEL OUTPUT SUGGESTS THAT THE THREAT
DIMINISHES DUE TO LOSS OF MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY.

THE MOISTURE AND INSTABILITY CONTINUES TO WEAKEN OVERNIGHT...BUT
THE ACTIVITY MAY NOT COMPLETELY DIE OFF THE TERRAIN.  MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IN THE FORM OF STEEPENING MID LEVEL LAPSE RATES AND
PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES BETWEEN 0.75 AND 1.00 INCHES COULD AGAIN
FUEL CONVECTION TIED TO THE TERRAIN STRETCHING ACROSS CO INTO
NORTHERN NM. THE ADDITIONAL CONVECTION COULD PRODUCE AREAL AVERAGE
QPF VALUES NEAR 0.50 INCHES...ESPECIALLY FROM CENTRAL CO INTO
NORTHERNMOST NM. WHILE THE ONE AND THREE HOUR FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE
VALUES REMAINS FAIRLY LOW...IT IS NOT YET CLEAR THAT THE COVERAGE
OF THE CONVECTION THU AFTERNOON AND EVENING WILL SUPPORT A SLIGHT
RISK AREA.


...GREAT BASIN/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

A PRECIPITABLE WATER PLUME OF NEAR 1.30 INCHES STILL STRETCHES
FROM NORTHWEST UT INTO SOUTHEAST ID AND WESTERNMOST WY...IN THE
PRESENCE OF MLCAPES IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF 1000 J/KG. THE SHORT
WAVE MOVING ACROSS SOUTHWEST WY COULD PROVIDE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
ACROSS THIS REGION DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING
HOURS...SPARKING SCATTERED CONVECTION. THE ONE HOUR FLASH FLOOD
GUIDANCE VALUES ARE CLOSE TO AN INCH...ESPECIALLY IN THE TERRAIN
OF WESTERN WY AND NORTHERN UT. WHILE MOISTURE REMAINS IN
PLACE...THE ACTIVITY SHOULD REMAIN WIDELY SCATTERED AND TIED TO
THE TERRAIN. BECAUSE OF THE LACK OF COVERAGE...THIS AREA WAS
REMOVED FROM THE SLIGHT RISK AND PLACED IN A SEE TEXT...MAINLY FOR
ACTIVITY THROUGH 31/03Z. 

THE ACTIVITY SHOULD WANE AFTER 31/06Z DUE TO LOSS OF SURFACE BASED
CAPE. LESS IN THE WAY OF FORCING ON THU SHOULD RESULT IN WIDELY
SCATTERED COVERAGE ACROSS THE GREAT BASIN AND NORTHERN ROCKIES.
LOCAL BOUNDARIES WILL ACT AS FOCI FOR CONVECTION AS WELL. MARGINAL
INSTABILITY AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES CLOSER TO 0.75 INCHES
SUPPORT LOCAL 0.10 TO 0.25 INCHES OF QPF ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN
OF THE THE SIERRA NEVADA RANGE IN CA...THE HIGHER TERRAIN IN EAST
CENTRAL NV...AND THE SOUTHERN CASCADES IN OR.


HAYES

DAYS 2/3

***GREAT LAKES TO THE NORTHEAST U.S.***

A BROAD UPPER LEVEL TROF REMAINS OVER EASTERN CANADA AND THE
NORTHEAST U.S., WHICH WILL CONTINUE TO BRING COOL WEATHER TO MUCH
OF THE REGION.  WHILE MOISTURE PROFILES ALONE ARE NOT NOTE-WORTHY,
THE COLDER TEMPERATURES ALOFT WILL RESULT IN ENOUGH INSTABILITY
FOR SCATTERED SHOWERS AND STORMS ON FRIDAY, MAINLY DURING THE
AFTERNOON HOURS.  BY SATURDAY, THE AREA OF CONVECTION IS EXPECTED
OVER THE LOWER GREAT LAKES AND NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND. 
 

***SOUTHEAST STATES***

ON FRIDAY THE BEST THUNDERSTORM COVERAGE IS EXPECTED ACROSS
FLORIDA AND THE SOUTHEAST COAST WHERE A STATIONARY BOUNDARY AT THE
SURFACE AND PLENTY OF  MOISTURE IN THE MID-LEVELS IS FORECAST. 
SEA-BREEZE CONVERGENCE WILL AID IN GREATER QPF TOTALS ACROSS
FLORIDA DURING THE AFTERNOON HOURS.  BY SATURDAY, INCREASING LOW
LEVEL SOUTHEAST FLOW WILL HELP TO PUSH THE BOUNDARY NORTHWARD AS A
WARM FRONT WHICH WILL SPREAD THE RAIN INLAND ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST,
DEEP SOUTH, AND SOUTHERN APPALACHIANS. 


***INTER-MOUNTAIN WEST***

A FEW WEAK SHORTWAVES ALOFT WILL TRAVEL OVER THE RIDGE ANCHORED
OVER THE SOUTHWEST THROUGH THE FORECAST PERIOD.  THIS IS EXPECTED
TO BRING PERIODIC ROUNDS OF SHOWERS AND STORMS TO PORTIONS OF THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND THE NORTHERN ROCKIES.   RAINFALL AMOUNTS ARE
EXPECTED TO BE FAIRLY LIGHT THROUGHOUT THE REGION AND SHOULD FOCUS
BEST ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN.  FARTHER SOUTH OVER THE CENTRAL
ROCKIES AND INTO THE DESERT SOUTHWEST, MONSOONAL MOISTURE WILL
CONTINUE TO SUPPORT SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS EACH
AFTERNOON.  A SLIGHT RISK AREA WAS ISSUED FOR DAY 2 OVER CENTRAL
NEW MEXICO GIVEN AREAL QPF OF 0.5 TO 1.50 INCHES OVER AREAS WITH
RELATIVELY LOW FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES.  THIS IS A MARGINAL
CASE FOR A SLIGHT RISK ISSUANCE.

HAYES/HAMRICK


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 01/00Z
 0.01 553848 549841 548837 547830 540809 536784 534772 532760
      530747 529744 528737 526723 524717 523709 519704 514701
      510697 507696 500693 489685 483682 476678 472677 470679
      462684 448692 435700 428705 421711 408723 399735 394741
      392748 394752 398752 403751 405755 390784 387792 388801
      389808 390813 392826 392832 394837 395847 400869 400874
      402878 402889 410908 412912 415914 418917 422917 429916
      432913 433909 434906 434902 436899 436895 437890 439885
      443883 447882 449879 449874 447872 442873 439875 437873
      437869 436865 438862 447861 454863 456864 460865 467868
      478868 480866 482869 488872 500884 505889 507890 511891
      520890 524889 529886 536874 544868 549863 552855 553848
 0.01 504122 504114 503110 502103 499099 492094 488092 482092
      478091 475093 463091 456085 451077 447070 443067 437066
      434068 432073 436074 438074 441077 444077 446078 447081
      445088 441086 431085 427085 423088 421091 416092 409092
      401096 396096 393098 392100 393105 396110 400112 403116
      407119 409118 415119 418121 423122 427122 432119 435116
      438114 441115 441117 440125 436133 434137 433146 434150
      437155 442161 452164 459160 464151 470155 484147 488147
      492142 491139 493135 496131 500129 504122
 0.01 478032 478024 478019 473011 465006 458003 449003 444005
      443007 442019 447027 454032 457035 462036 472036 478032
 0.01 459178 461171 460167 455166 451168 446178 444181 443184
      441184 427172 422166 418158 415149 411138 408131 405126
      402123 397117 389113 383113 380114 375121 375127 376131
      374146 374157 372162 372168 361177 359181 355184 362187
      375198 390208 393209 397208 399202 403200 411203 415205
      415210 415217 416220 420224 424227 428228 432228 439226
      444219 446215 448206 448199 447194 447190 451189 456183
      459178
 0.01 423651 421647 417645 410644 405647 402650 394658 390660
      387663 378667 368671 358676 352683 346688 331702 325709
      317715 313718 310720 303725 295731 290736 288741 286745
      284750 280754 269765 263773 257780 251786 247792 237809
      234818 231828 229836 228840 228846 229858 231867 231875
      233879 234886 236890 244905 248907 251904 255905 260905
      263903 266899 266889 265878 264865 264851 264845 265841
      268837 271835 274832 278829 289827 299826 306826 310828
      317834 320837 323842 329846 331846 334848 337850 341852
      347851 354846 359841 362830 362823 360817 347808 344803
      344797 343789 342783 334780 332778 332775 333770 335758
      339749 347733 360718 365712 371706 387691 400678 413666
      419658 423651
 0.01 414061 415056 415049 412041 408033 405029 401026 387028
      384028 382026 377026 374027 372032 370035 365036 361041
      355040 353038 347029 343028 342026 343024 349021 351017
      356016 361018 367019 370018 372015 375006 379982 382970
      383958 382952 381949 379940 367900 362894 359891 355889
      351888 346888 342888 338890 332894 326899 322900 318904
      312910 309912 306916 304923 301933 301945 301951 299955
      299966 297970 297976 295982 292986 282001 278007 276011
      276015 282054 280057 277060 268063 257062 251061 244064
      242073 248081 254086 271095 283104 285106 290108 293110
      298110 304111 309110 316106 321104 327105 337107 344111
      347112 351111 355111 359109 362107 363104 365099 366091
      368086 372084 376084 380086 389086 395087 402083 409071
      414061
 0.01 323029 323018 323007 324002 322997 320990 319988 316989
      315992 312000 310009 309019 309030 311033 315035 318035
      320033 323029
 0.25 537856 536855 534855 532854 531853 529853 528853 526853
      524854 523855 524857 525858 526859 527860 528860 530861
      531861 533860 534859 536857 537856
 0.25 521847 521838 520832 512821 511816 512807 512799 510791
      502763 500754 502745 503737 503731 499719 496712 493705
      489701 484699 475695 466694 459695 453698 443706 435713
      430723 427729 427732 427737 429757 428763 426768 415790
      415798 417807 422810 426808 430797 433790 436785 452767
      456764 462764 467767 471772 473775 472780 471787 468799
      465812 467819 471824 475827 479832 477835 476842 478848
      481852 491858 496860 501860 507861 513859 519853 521847
 0.25 437100 436098 436097 435100 436100 437100
 0.25 404172 404167 403162 401157 399154 394152 388153 386157
      384161 385166 388169 391172 396174 402174 404172
 0.25 406058 404053 401049 392044 386044 381045 371046 362052
      359055 358058 359060 363065 367068 376073 380074 385073
      389071 394070 398068 400062 405060 406058
 0.25 384678 384675 381674 377677 368684 352695 345701 337709
      330715 323723 319730 313738 300752 293759 287767 271777
      265783 259792 253798 250802 249808 250815 249819 250822
      252824 257825 263825 268823 276817 285800 296784 297775
      300770 304766 318752 331739 344726 358711 364704 371697
      380688 384678
 0.25 370956 369944 368932 364921 359912 354905 350902 344902
      339904 336907 332916 325935 321945 319950 319956 319960
      322965 327967 332967 336969 338975 341984 342989 345994
      349996 353996 361991 365988 367983 370971 370957 370956
 0.25 309043 309041 308038 306036 302035 301037 299040 299044
      299048 300050 301053 303053 305051 307049 309045 309043
 0.25 300084 298079 293075 287074 282074 275075 271079 272083
      273085 277088 282091 287093 294094 297090 300084
 0.25 255870 255864 255858 254852 250855 247859 245861 243865
      243871 244877 246881 249884 252885 254881 255877 255872
      255870
 0.50 503806 500803 497804 492806 489808 484811 482814 481818
      485820 489818 493815 496813 499811 502807 503806
 0.50 494717 491712 490711 487713 481712 476708 472705 465703
      458705 451708 446712 446717 448717 455718 460719 468719
      471720 473723 470731 470741 473749 476750 479750 485747
      490742 494736 494726 494717
 0.50 439772 439770 438768 437770 436770 437772 437773 439773
      439772
 0.50 402056 400055 400056 402056 402056
 0.50 397055 394052 390050 385052 380051 376052 372055 371059
      375062 380062 386062 389060 393058 397055 397055
 0.50 352706 350706 348707 345710 343710 341713 339716 337717
      336720 336722 339720 341719 343717 345714 347712 349710
      350708 352706
 0.50 366976 367971 368964 366952 365942 363932 360924 356916
      351910 345908 341910 339912 335920 333929 331939 328947
      327952 328956 335962 339968 342977 346984 352988 356987
      360985 364981 366976
 0.50 273810 272805 268802 265802 259803 256804 254808 255812
      257815 261818 266819 268818 271815 273811 273810
 1.00 363969 364961 364952 363944 361938 359932 356925 353921
      349917 344917 341922 339923 337928 336934 335941 335949
      337955 341960 346971 348976 353980 359976 362972 363969
 1.50 361965 362958 361952 361945 359941 356932 352924 348922
      344923 341927 339932 339943 341952 346960 350968 353971
      357972 360969 361965
 2.00 359958 359952 358943 355936 353931 350926 346926 344928
      342934 342943 344949 346955 350960 353965 357964 359958
 3.00 354949 354947 354945 354943 354941 354939 353938 352936
      352935 351934 350933 348934 347936 347939 347941 347943
      348945 348947 349947 350949 350950 352952 354951 354949 

24HR QP VT 02/00Z
 0.01 316836 314844 311850 309854 307860 306867 305874 303889
      300901 297910 286935 282948 281954 281960 282968 284973
      288979 291983 293985 290987 286989 286000 287002 286005
      284007 280011 272019 272027 272031 273034 280042 283047
      280052 271060 260056 253051 248047 245047 236047 233051
      229057 227064 227070 228075 231080 235083 244091 253096
      257098 263099 269099 273103 281111 288121 298127 308134
      319139 324141 330142 341140 347132 349124 349119 351115
      346101 348092 351089 356087 360083 365080 370082 375086
      376091 378103 379121 379129 377135 372150 371159 370162
      372165 375170 378174 383177 388180 393179 396175 396169
      394163 390158 391155 394154 398152 403151 410152 413155
      414158 415163 419164 420168 421175 421183 420192 418202
      413214 411217 411222 410225 412228 417231 421230 430226
      436223 440219 444216 448210 453197 453187 451180 457181
      462180 463178 464174 460170 457169 455169 449172 450177
      446176 442169 445163 452164 457163 467160 479157 483156
      490157 500155 504158 508164 513176 518180 524182 527183
      529181 531178 532173 531170 529164 525155 518148 510143
      507140 503139 495132 487127 483125 479125 474125 472122
      474118 473114 470112 466112 462115 460115 459111 458106
      456095 453092 448091 440088 432087 428091 425096 423100
      422108 420113 420120 419127 417132 414135 409135 405132
      402129 402122 404117 405112 405109 403108 403101 403094
      402089 404086 408082 410078 412075 412067 411061 409057
      403050 389041 384038 381033 376026 373023 369020 360018
      350017 339014 330014 325014 321011 313005 311001 310995
      311989 313985 318976 341954 345951 347945 351936 354927
      354913 349903 347899 344897 340877 353867 363852 369851
      373849 381844 384848 387851 392850 397851 398853 399858
      396864 393874 391879 392882 394886 397890 400893 403894
      414894 420894 424897 428899 431903 434915 434922 435926
      438936 441941 444943 448945 453945 460940 464931 467922
      469913 469905 470898 470894 469886 467881 465878 461875
      452877 448877 445875 443870 442862 446852 447846 448840
      446828 445812 447799 454781 462766 468755 471745 475737
      479727 478719 476717 472718 469721 463728 457738 441776
      430790 425796 418802 410809 405810 403807 404803 404798
      404794 406792 410790 412786 415776 416770 416764 417757
      419752 423744 425739 424735 418733 413736 411740 407748
      405758 406773 404783 404786 401786 399783 395779 390776
      386767 381743 378739 375737 367734 361735 357737 353740
      348742 332753 317764 310769 303775 297779 290783 278787
      266789 261789 258791 253794 250797 246804 243814 242817
      242824 241827 243834 245838 246841 249842 252844 257844
      265841 271836 279831 288828 298826 305824 310824 313827
      315831 316836
 0.01 498680 497670 492666 487665 479668 476669 474671 468674
      457682 452688 449694 445699 443706 446712 449713 453712
      458708 466705 479699 486697 490695 491693 494691 495687
      498680 498680
 0.01 489076 489067 488060 488045 488036 489030 490022 487017
      482016 478019 476024 475031 473038 473046 474061 475074
      478080 481083 486082 488076 489076
 0.01 334156 334151 332151 327150 321151 314152 307151 303152
      306156 308158 311159 318160 323158 330157 334156
 0.25 448143 448138 447135 445134 442135 440135 437136 435138
      433140 432145 433148 434150 438151 440151 443150 445149
      447145 448143
 0.25 449104 449102 448099 445096 443096 441096 438098 436100
      437105 439106 442108 444108 445108 448107 449104
 0.25 456893 456891 454890 453889 451889 449889 448890 446890
      444890 442890 441892 442894 443894 444896 446896 448896
      450896 451896 453895 455894 456893
 0.25 436825 436823 436820 435818 435821 435823 435825 436826
      436825
 0.25 435845 434838 431835 430831 430827 431821 430818 427818
      425822 423836 420840 416842 413848 412854 410866 411873
      414875 417872 419867 422862 426859 432852 435845
 0.25 401072 401065 399060 394052 388047 378042 363032 354029
      352029 350031 348034 345034 341035 331037 325037 320035
      314028 311025 305024 301023 297025 295028 295033 297044
      298050 297054 292063 287069 280074 277079 279082 283084
      284086 285090 289098 292100 297102 302100 307099 308102
      307107 302107 300111 300116 303118 309121 315121 316117
      315111 316105 319101 322098 324093 326091 329092 333093
      338093 340088 341081 343077 346075 351073 361072 366071
      371073 378078 388081 394080 397078 401072
 0.25 387801 386797 383795 380791 379787 374781 371774 370768
      372765 373760 371755 366751 363749 359748 354748 350750
      342754 330762 318772 308782 303788 295791 293793 290797
      296801 301801 304803 306806 309808 316809 320811 322814
      326815 330813 337810 341809 343810 346813 346816 343825
      341834 341854 342860 344860 349855 357843 362835 366829
      375817 378812 382809 386805 387801
 0.25 339917 340911 340904 337897 335891 333888 330886 325886
      319891 315898 312906 308911 301917 299919 299924 299927
      298931 294939 293949 295952 298952 310958 319946 325941
      332937 337931 338921 339917
 0.25 296815 295813 291812 288812 284813 281814 279815 275817
      273818 274821 276823 279823 283823 287822 290820 292819
      294818 296815
 0.25 276801 273800 268801 261804 254807 252808 254810 257817
      256823 260828 263830 267829 270827 270824 270820 268818
      268810 269806 272804 276803 276801
 0.25 274083 273081 270080 264074 258069 251064 247061 242060
      238062 239066 240070 242074 248079 255085 262088 268090
      271088 274083
 0.50 392064 386051 374044 363037 359037 358040 358045 353049
      345050 337048 329048 322050 320046 311039 306033 304030
      302032 301041 302045 304048 309051 313049 319051 319059
      322066 328069 330071 328074 326081 329087 332089 335089
      336081 335073 334070 336067 343067 350067 358069 370068
      376069 382068 388066 392064
 0.50 376803 375794 367794 364794 363790 365784 365774 367767
      368761 364756 357755 349756 341759 336762 326771 317779
      313785 312788 313792 318794 324792 329790 333791 335793
      338799 340801 343802 350798 354795 358794 360796 358803
      346827 345835 346845 348847 350846 354841 368820 374810
      376803
 0.50 336917 336907 334900 330894 325891 323897 322905 321909
      319912 317915 313915 310916 307917 303921 303927 300933
      297939 297943 299945 310942 315938 319933 324930 328929
      331928 335922 336917
 0.50 309085 310083 309081 308081 307080 305080 303080 302080
      301081 299082 297084 297086 296088 297089 299089 300089
      302089 302088 304088 306087 308086 309085
 0.50 291816 290814 289814 288814 287814 286815 284816 283817
      282817 281818 280819 281820 283820 285820 286819 287818
      288818 290817 291816
 0.50 257079 256077 254075 252073 251072 249071 249070 247069
      246070 246072 247074 248076 249077 250077 252078 253079
      254080 255080 257079
 1.00 366813 362812 359814 356818 352822 351824 348829 350834
      353835 355832 358828 361825 363821 365818 366813
 1.00 358768 358763 354761 349762 345764 342766 336769 334771
      332776 336779 341778 345776 350774 353772 356769 358768
 1.00 360065 356062 351059 345057 339055 332053 329053 325055
      326059 332061 337060 341059 343061 350062 356064 360065
 1.00 359054 359053 358053 357053 358054 359054 359054
 1.00 331911 331908 331906 330905 328906 327906 326909 326911
      325913 325915 325917 325919 326920 328919 330918 330917
      331915 331913 331911 331911
 1.00 313930 312929 310930 309930 308931 306932 306933 305935
      307935 308935 310933 311933 312931 313930
 1.50 357824 356823 353826 352826 351828 351831 353829 354828
      354827 357824
 1.50 333058 332057 330056 328057 328058 330058 332058 333058 

24HR QP VT 03/00Z
 0.01 443630 444636 443641 441650 439660 436670 434680 433691
      430709 423738 420746 416754 412770 408778 404787 403790
      406790 410787 415781 420774 424766 430752 430746 432737
      437720 441706 446701 449694 452685 456677 459673 464672
      468673 470677 470684 469689 466698 464706 462709 463712
      465712 467712 469715 469721 468725 467744 455774 448792
      445801 443811 443817 444822 448828 452833 452837 453847
      448853 445856 441857 438859 436858 428855 411857 399858
      396862 393863 389863 387859 385854 382851 379848 378842
      378837 380833 383827 385824 386817 384813 383811 380810
      374808 369803 366801 366806 367818 363834 363843 362852
      358871 354881 351888 349892 346896 341899 338908 334915
      325922 318924 313928 302940 298945 296947 294952 288969
      285972 281973 276967 274959 274949 273940 273935 278924
      281918 286913 309894 312892 313889 317880 317873 317868
      315864 310861 308859 307856 303848 300840 294834 282831
      267828 261826 254823 251822 249818 244813 246804 253799
      257797 262796 270797 287801 297800 300798 302796 304789
      308782 317771 335752 357726 362720 366714 374699 386676
      391669 396665 399662 404661 407661 409657 414646 420637
      443630
 0.01 547936 545920 544914 540913 535911 539904 542898 544893
      545885 544879 542870 539866 536864 532861 528864 525867
      523872 514889 512893 508897 502903 496910 492916 482935
      478945 475954 474960 473969 474975 474978 471979 465981
      464986 465993 468001 471006 473012 476022 481029 484032
      489035 493037 498038 506037 514033 526020 531013 534003
      536996 536987 535981 537975 544957 547944 547936
 0.01 523149 519133 517129 517126 519125 523121 525115 523107
      518102 514099 509096 502094 498093 498090 496087 493086
      481085 471088 469089 465089 461088 457086 455083 453080
      453070 449065 443065 437068 434073 430078 428086 425093
      422100 419104 416106 414104 408096 399106 396107 392107
      387109 382114 376118 368117 363118 354113 350109 348107
      349102 351093 353087 361087 366086 374085 377085 380082
      385079 392076 395074 399074 403070 406064 404058 398050
      387045 384044 382041 379035 373032 366031 358031 349030
      346032 341031 335028 330025 325019 318011 310005 306002
      300000 293997 290997 287997 282000 278004 266009 261014
      260023 260031 265035 267038 262039 257040 252041 248043
      240051 235055 234063 232069 236072 239079 240082 243083
      247087 255091 266099 275106 292121 299128 301131 301135
      299143 299148 302150 307155 318163 332169 339170 344169
      349168 353163 363155 370152 374150 378151 381151 383150
      397157 400158 402162 407167 413179 417192 420199 424205
      429214 439221 443220 445219 448220 451218 452214 454211
      455205 455183 455174 458165 460158 465155 470153 476157
      481160 488162 494163 499162 501156 506154 511158 515158
      517157 523149
 0.01 396177 397172 394168 390166 387163 382162 378163 374166
      372170 373175 376179 379181 384183 389183 392181 396178
      396177
 0.25 505140 506135 505132 501128 498123 495121 492120 487122
      482124 478127 476130 476134 479138 485141 490142 495143
      502142 505140
 0.25 507983 508978 507973 505972 504972 502975 500977 499981
      498985 499988 500991 502990 505988 506985 507983
 0.25 498026 499022 498018 495015 493013 488010 485008 482007
      480008 479014 481017 484021 488024 491027 496027 498026
 0.25 447734 448731 446729 444730 443732 442735 442736 441738
      440740 440743 440745 441746 442745 443744 444742 444741
      445739 445738 446737 447735 447734
 0.25 427664 426658 424655 420656 418659 414667 410672 403685
      395694 390701 385706 378712 374717 356735 335757 327766
      319776 315784 312792 310799 310809 310814 308816 303818
      290820 286822 288825 296827 312824 314824 316827 317834
      315842 316845 318848 324852 329858 334853 339858 342865
      346868 351866 352863 355856 356847 357835 358827 358822
      356819 351820 349818 348814 352799 356791 360784 363778
      369774 374788 377794 380796 384796 388795 391792 396785
      400770 402762 404757 413744 419728 421721 422711 424695
      426679 427664
 0.25 436808 437803 435801 429801 424801 419804 412813 406822
      400834 399837 399841 404841 410830 414825 417821 420819
      423819 423825 425827 427827 431824 434817 436811 436808
 0.25 384058 385054 383051 379047 374045 367043 357042 346042
      338042 332040 327037 323033 318026 315022 312017 308013
      303010 291007 285007 281010 278015 278019 281024 283030
      282042 283048 279052 271056 266058 258057 253056 246056
      244059 245062 253069 264074 267076 267078 264082 265087
      268090 278096 282099 286103 289108 293111 299114 304114
      316117 322116 326111 328105 332106 337113 343123 344125
      348127 350125 350121 347116 344112 341108 338104 338099
      338091 340084 343079 354076 373068 380065 384058
 0.25 331895 331889 329886 326885 323887 318892 315899 310907
      305911 297911 293911 290913 285920 283929 282939 282949
      285952 288950 291943 297928 302920 306914 310916 315917
      322913 327907 330900 331895
 0.25 271808 270804 268803 265803 261804 258804 254804 252806
      250808 250812 253814 255815 259815 262813 264812 266810
      269809 271808
 0.50 422687 421677 420672 418671 410679 405689 400698 392708
      383716 376724 368731 362734 357738 349745 342753 335761
      327770 321780 319785 317791 317796 317804 318813 320820
      322829 320836 323845 329848 334845 345850 349847 352841
      353836 355828 353825 349828 345832 342832 341828 341820
      343814 345802 350793 354788 357782 362771 366767 372767
      378775 382780 386780 388778 390772 393767 399759 404750
      408744 410737 414725 416719 418713 420702 422687
 0.50 430817 433810 431808 429811 429817 430817 430817
 0.50 379056 380052 378050 373048 362046 356045 352046 342047
      331043 322039 316032 311026 308022 306017 302015 298015
      287021 289026 290031 287041 289052 289054 286058 282061
      279066 283069 287072 293076 297085 299090 301095 296105
      299108 301110 310108 315107 318103 320099 318093 313088
      310085 310081 322080 332079 336075 336072 329071 324070
      320067 323064 325059 334059 343056 348057 351062 353068
      356070 363067 370060 379056
 0.50 328896 328893 327891 327889 325889 324891 323892 322894
      321896 321898 322900 324900 326899 327898 327897 328896
 0.50 294924 292924 291924 290927 292928 294926 294924
 0.50 292931 292929 291929 290927 290929 291931 292932 292931
 1.00 415703 416695 415691 412691 406698 399709 391723 381734
      370744 362746 354748 348753 344759 336769 327782 325789
      325799 327810 330812 333810 336804 339797 340788 343781
      347774 351770 362760 370757 373755 374752 384751 391753
      395754 397751 400744 405728 410714 415703
 1.00 327046 320043 313038 308031 306027 303025 300024 298026
      297029 297040 298046 300050 301055 301059 301062 303063
      308057 316054 322047 327046
 1.50 314050 315045 315043 312041 310039 308036 306034 304033
      302034 300038 300040 301042 302045 304048 305050 307051
      311052 312052 314050